package Text::Levenshtein::Damerau;
use 5.008_008; # for utf8, sorry legacy Perls
use strict;
use utf8;
use List::Util qw/reduce/;
require Exporter;

our @ISA = qw(Exporter); 
our @EXPORT_OK = qw/edistance/;
our $VERSION   = '0.41';
 
# To XS or not to XS...
unless ( _set_backend('Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS::xs_edistance') ) {
    _set_backend('Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::PP::pp_edistance');
}

sub new {
    my $class = shift;
    my $self  = {};

    $self->{'source'}       = shift;
    $self->{'max_distance'} = 0;
    bless( $self, $class );

    return $self;
}

sub dld {
    my $self = shift;
    my $args = shift;

    if ( !ref $args ) {
        return edistance( $self->{'source'}, $args, );
    }
    elsif ( ref $args->{'list'} eq ref [] ) {
        my $target_score;

        if ( defined( $args->{'backend'} ) ) {
            _set_backend( $args->{'backend'} );
        }

        foreach my $target ( @{ $args->{'list'} } ) {
            my $ed =
              edistance( $self->{'source'}, $target, $args->{max_distance} );
            $target_score->{$target} = $ed if ( $ed >= 0 );
        }

        return $target_score;

    }
}
 
sub dld_best_match {
    my $self = shift;
    my $args = shift;

    if ( defined( $args->{'list'} ) ) {
        my $hash_ref = $self->dld($args);

        #Get the hashref key with the smallest value
        return reduce { $hash_ref->{$a} < $hash_ref->{$b} ? $a : $b }
        keys %{$hash_ref};
    } 
}

sub dld_best_distance {
    my $self = shift;
    my $args = shift;
 
    if ( defined( $args->{'list'} ) ) {
        return $self->dld( $self->dld_best_match($args) );
    }
}

sub _set_backend {
    my $be = my $mod = shift;
    $mod =~ s/^(.*)::.*?$/$1/;

    local $@;    
    eval "require $mod";
    unless ($@) {
	 eval "defined &$be";
        unless($@) {
            # We welcome our new edistance overlord
            *edistance = \&$be;
	     return 1;
        }
    }
    
    return 0;
}

1;

__END__

=encoding utf8

=head1 NAME

Text::Levenshtein::Damerau - Damerau Levenshtein edit distance.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

	use Text::Levenshtein::Damerau;
	use warnings;
	use strict;

	my @targets = ('fuor','xr','fourrrr','fo');

	# Initialize Text::Levenshtein::Damerau object with text to compare against
	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('four');

	print $tld->dld($targets[0]);
	# prints 1

	my $tld = $tld->dld({ list => \@targets });
	print $tld->{'fuor'};
	# prints 1

	print $tld->dld_best_match({ list => \@targets });
	# prints fuor

	print $tld->dld_best_distance({ list => \@targets });
 	# prints 1


	# or even more simply
	use Text::Levenshtein::Damerau qw/edistance/;
	use warnings;
	use strict;
	
	print edistance('Neil','Niel');
	# prints 1

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Returns the true Damerau Levenshtein edit distance of strings with adjacent transpositions. Useful for fuzzy matching, DNA variation metrics, and fraud detection.

Defaults to using Pure Perl L<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::PP>, but has an XS addon L<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS> for massive speed imrovements. Works correctly with utf8 if backend supports it; known to work with C<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::PP> and C<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS>.

	use utf8;
	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('ⓕⓞⓤⓡ');
	print $tld->dld('ⓕⓤⓞⓡ');
	# prints 1

=head1 CONSTRUCTOR

=head2 new

Creates and returns a C<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau> object. Takes a scalar with the text (source) you want to compare against. 

	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('Neil');
	# Creates a new Text::Levenshtein::Damerau object $tld

=head1 METHODS

=head2 $tld->dld

B<Scalar> Argument: Takes a string to compare with.

Returns: an integer representing the edit distance between the source and the passed argument.

B<Hashref> Argument: Takes a hashref containing:

=over 4

=item * list => \@array (array ref of strings to compare with)

=item * I<OPTIONAL> max_distance => $int (only return results with $int distance or less).

=item * I<OPTIONAL> backend => 'Some::Module::its_function' Any module that will take 2 arguments and returns an int. If the module fails to load, the function doesn't exist, or the function doesn't return a number when passed 2 strings, then C<backend> remains unchanged. 

	# Override defaults and use Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::PP's pp_edistance()
	$tld->dld({ list=> \@list, backend => 'Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::PP::pp_edistance');

	# Override defaults and use Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS's xs_edistance()
	use Text::Levenshtein::Damerau;
	requires Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS;
	...
	$tld->dld({ list=> \@list, backend => 'Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS::xs_edistance');

=back

Returns: hashref with each word from the passed list as keys, and their edit distance (if less than max_distance, which is unlimited by default).

	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('Neil');
	print $tld->dld( 'Niel' );
	# prints 1

	#or if you want to check the distance of various items in a list

	my @names_list = ('Niel','Jack');
	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('Neil');
	my $d_ref = $tld->dld({ list=> \@names_list }); # pass a list, returns a hash ref
	print $d_ref->{'Niel'}; #prints 1
	print $d_ref->{'Jack'}; #prints 4

=head2 $tld->dld_best_match

Argument: an array reference of strings.

Returns: the string with the smallest edit distance between the source and the array of strings passed.

Takes distance of $tld source against every item in @targets, then returns the string of the best match.

	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('Neil');
	my @name_spellings = ('Niel','Neell','KNiel');
	print $tld->dld_best_match({ list=> \@name_spellings });
	# prints Niel

=head2 $tld->dld_best_distance

Arguments: an array reference of strings.

Returns: the smallest edit distance between the source and the array reference of strings passed.

Takes distance of $tld source against every item in the passed array, then returns the smallest edit distance.

	my $tld = Text::Levenshtein::Damerau->new('Neil');
	my @name_spellings = ('Niel','Neell','KNiel');
	print $tld->dld_best_distance({ list => \@name_spellings });
	# prints 1

=head1 EXPORTABLE METHODS

=head2 edistance

Arguments: source string and target string.

=over

=item * I<OPTIONAL 3rd argument> int (max distance; only return results with $int distance or less). 0 = unlimited. Default = 0.

=back

Returns: int that represents the edit distance between the two argument. -1 if max distance is set and reached.

Wrapper function to take the edit distance between a source and target string. It will attempt to use, in order: 

=over 4

=item * L<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::XS> B<xs_edistance>

=item * L<Text::Levenshtein::Damerau::PP> B<pp_edistance>

=back

	use Text::Levenshtein::Damerau qw/edistance/;
	print edistance('Neil','Niel');
	# prints 1

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over 4

=item * L<https://github.com/ugexe/Text--Levenshtein--Damerau> I<Repository>

=item * L<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damerau%E2%80%93Levenshtein_distance> I<Damerau levenshtein explanation>

=item * L<Text::Fuzzy> I<Regular levenshtein distance>

=back

=head1 BUGS

Please report bugs to:

L<https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=Text-Levenshtein-Damerau>

=head1 AUTHOR

Nick Logan <F<ug@skunkds.com>>

=head1 LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=cut