=head1 NAME

XS::Framework::Manual::SVAPI::Glob - XS::Framework Glob C++ class reference

=head1 Glob

=head2 Overview

The C<Glob> class is the wrapper around Perls C<GV*> type, which is a variant
of C<SV*>. As with C<Scalar>, it might hold an underlying Perl C<SV*> or might

The C<Glob> object does not holds C<undef>; if C<undef> is assigned or supplied
in constructor, the object is considered I<empty>. In other words the
C<undef> and C<NULL> have the same meaning for the class.

A C<GV> is a structure which corresponds to a Perl typeglob, ie C<*foo>. It
is a structure that holds a pointer to a scalar, an array, a hash etc,
corresponding to C<$foo>, C<@foo>, C<%foo>.

C<GVs> are usually found as values in stashes (symbol table hashes) where
Perl stores its global variables.

=head2 Construction

To create a new C<GV*> in Perl, the C<Stash> object and the name should be

    static Glob create (const Stash& stash, panda::string_view name, U32 flags = 0);

For the C<flags> description please refer C<gv_init_pvn> in L<perlapi>.

To create an wrapper around existing C<GV*> the following constructors can be

    Glob (std::nullptr_t = nullptr)
    Glob (SV* sv, bool policy = INCREMENT)
    Glob (GV* sv, bool policy = INCREMENT)

If C<SV*> or <GV*> are C<undef> or C<NULL>, the returned C<Glob> object will be
empty. Otherwise, if unappropriate C<SV*> is supplied, then exception will be

Copy and move-constructore are also available:

    Glob (const Glob&   oth)
    Glob (Glob&&        oth)
    Glob (const Scalar& oth)
    Glob (Scalar&&      oth)
    Glob (const Sv&     oth)
    Glob (Sv&&          oth)

=head2 assignment operators

    Glob& operator= (SV* val)
    Glob& operator= (GV* val)
    Glob& operator= (const Glob& oth)
    Glob& operator= (Glob&& oth)
    Glob& operator= (const Scalar& oth)
    Glob& operator= (Scalar&& oth)
    Glob& operator= (const Sv& oth)
    Glob& operator= (Sv&& oth)

The assignment operators are complementaty to the constructors above. They
inherit behaviour from C<Scalar>, including NULL-safety. The previously held
C<SV*> will be C<dec>-remented.

The last operator performs proxy call in B<scalar> context, the same as in
appropriate constructor above.

    void set (SV* val)
    void set (GV* val)

The C<set> method directly assigns the value to the underlying C<SV*>,
I<bypassing all checks>. Use the method with caution.

=head2 getters

Theere are zero-cost NULL-safe getters:

    operator GV* () const
    GV* operator->() const
    template <typename T = SV> one_of_t<T,SV,GV>* get () const

This are NULL-safe methods. The returned value, however, might be C<NULL>.

=head2 slot ()

    template <typename T> one_of_t<T,Scalar,Array,Hash,Sub> slot () const
    void slot (SV*)
    void slot (AV*)
    void slot (HV*)
    void slot (CV*)
    void slot (IO*)
    void slot (const Scalar&)
    void slot (const Sv&     v)
    void slot (const Array&  v)
    void slot (const Hash&   v)
    void slot (const Sub&    v)
    void slot (const Io&     v)

This are read/write accessors for appropriate slot type in the C<Glob> instance.
For example:

    Stash s = ...;
    Glob o = s["some_name"];
    Sub sub = o.slot<Sub>();

The C<slot> methods are NULL-unsafe.

=head2 scalar()

=head2 array()

=head2 hash()

=head2 sub()

=head2 io()

    Scalar scalar () const
    Array  array  () const
    Hash   hash   () const
    Sub    sub    () const
    Io     io     () const

    void scalar (const Scalar& val)
    void array  (const Array&  val)
    void hash   (const Hash&   val)
    void sub    (const Sub&    val)
    void io     (const Io&     val)

This group of methods provide convenient access to scalar/array/hash/sub/io slot
of the C<Glob>. The read accessors are NULL-safe, while write-accessors are

=head2 get_const()

    Sv get_const () const

If C<Sub>-slot is eligible for inlining it returns the valuer returned by the
C<Sub> wrapped into C<Sv>. Otherwise emptu C<Sv> is returned.

This is NULL-unsafe method.

=head2 stash()

=head2 effective_stash

    Stash stash           () const
    Stash effective_stash () const

Returns the current or effective C<Stash> associated with the C<Glob> instance.

This are NULL-unsafe methods.

=head2 name()

=head2 effective_name ()

    panda::string_view name           () const
    panda::string_view effective_name () const

Returns the name of the current or effective C<Stash> associated with the
C<Glob> instance.

This are NULL-unsafe methods.

=head1 SEE ALSO