Tk_GetBitmap, Tk_DefineBitmap, Tk_NameOfBitmap, Tk_SizeOfBitmap, Tk_FreeBitmap, Tk_GetBitmapFromData - maintain database of single-plane pixmaps


#include <tk.h>

Pixmap Tk_GetBitmap(interp, tkwin, id)

int Tk_DefineBitmap(interp, nameId, source, width, height)

Tk_Uid Tk_NameOfBitmap(display, bitmap)

Tk_SizeOfBitmap(display, bitmap, widthPtr, heightPtr)

Tk_FreeBitmap(display, bitmap)


Tcl_Interp *interp (in)

Interpreter to use for error reporting.

Tk_Window tkwin (in)

Token for window in which the bitmap will be used.

Tk_Uid id (in)

Description of bitmap; see below for possible values.

Tk_Uid nameId (in)

Name for new bitmap to be defined.

char *source (in)

Data for bitmap, in standard bitmap format. Must be stored in static memory whose value will never change.

"int" width (in)

Width of bitmap.

"int" height (in)

Height of bitmap.

"int" *widthPtr (out)

Pointer to word to fill in with bitmap's width.

"int" *heightPtr (out)

Pointer to word to fill in with bitmap's height.

Display *display (in)

Display for which bitmap was allocated.

Pixmap bitmap (in)

Identifier for a bitmap allocated by Tk_GetBitmap.


These procedures manage a collection of bitmaps (one-plane pixmaps) being used by an application. The procedures allow bitmaps to be re-used efficiently, thereby avoiding server overhead, and also allow bitmaps to be named with character strings.

Tk_GetBitmap takes as argument a Tk_Uid describing a bitmap. It returns a Pixmap identifier for a bitmap corresponding to the description. It re-uses an existing bitmap, if possible, and creates a new one otherwise. At present, id must have one of the following forms:


FileName must be the name of a file containing a bitmap description in the standard X11 or X10 format.


Name must be the name of a bitmap defined previously with a call to Tk_DefineBitmap. The following names are pre-defined by Tk:


The international "don't" symbol: a circle with a diagonal line across it.


75% gray: a checkerboard pattern where three out of four bits are on.


50% gray: a checkerboard pattern where every other bit is on.


25% gray: a checkerboard pattern where one out of every four bits is on.


12.5% gray: a pattern where one-eighth of the bits are on, consisting of every fourth pixel in every other row.


An hourglass symbol.


A large letter ``i''.


The silhouette of a human head, with a question mark in it.


A large question-mark.


A large exclamation point.

In addition, the following pre-defined names are available only on the Macintosh platform:


A generic document.


Document stationery.


The edition symbol.


Generic application icon.


A desk accessory.


Generic folder icon.


A locked folder.


A trash can.


A floppy disk.


A floppy disk with chip.


A cd disk icon.


A folder with prefs symbol.


A database document icon.


A stop sign.


A face with ballon words.


A triangle with an exclamation point.

Under normal conditions, Tk_GetBitmap returns an identifier for the requested bitmap. If an error occurs in creating the bitmap, such as when id refers to a non-existent file, then None is returned and an error message is left in interp->result.

Tk_DefineBitmap associates a name with in-memory bitmap data so that the name can be used in later calls to Tk_GetBitmap. The nameId argument gives a name for the bitmap; it must not previously have been used in a call to Tk_DefineBitmap. The arguments source, width, and height describe the bitmap. Tk_DefineBitmap normally returns TCL_OK; if an error occurs (e.g. a bitmap named nameId has already been defined) then TCL_ERROR is returned and an error message is left in interp->result. Note: Tk_DefineBitmap expects the memory pointed to by source to be static: Tk_DefineBitmap doesn't make a private copy of this memory, but uses the bytes pointed to by source later in calls to Tk_GetBitmap.

Typically Tk_DefineBitmap is used by #include-ing a bitmap file directly into a C program and then referencing the variables defined by the file. For example, suppose there exists a file stip.bitmap, which was created by the bitmap program and contains a stipple pattern. The following code uses Tk_DefineBitmap to define a new bitmap named foo:

 Pixmap bitmap;
 #include "stip.bitmap"
 Tk_DefineBitmap(interp, Tk_GetUid("foo"), stip_bits,
        stip_width, stip_height);
 bitmap = Tk_GetBitmap(interp, tkwin, Tk_GetUid("foo"));

This code causes the bitmap file to be read at compile-time and incorporates the bitmap information into the program's executable image. The same bitmap file could be read at run-time using Tk_GetBitmap:

 Pixmap bitmap;
 bitmap = Tk_GetBitmap(interp, tkwin, Tk_GetUid("@stip.bitmap"));

The second form is a bit more flexible (the file could be modified after the program has been compiled, or a different string could be provided to read a different file), but it is a little slower and requires the bitmap file to exist separately from the program.

Tk_GetBitmap maintains a database of all the bitmaps that are currently in use. Whenever possible, it will return an existing bitmap rather than creating a new one. This approach can substantially reduce server overhead, so Tk_GetBitmap should generally be used in preference to Xlib procedures like XReadBitmapFile.

The bitmaps returned by Tk_GetBitmap are shared, so callers should never modify them. If a bitmap must be modified dynamically, then it should be created by calling Xlib procedures such as XReadBitmapFile or XCreatePixmap directly.

The procedure Tk_NameOfBitmap is roughly the inverse of Tk_GetBitmap. Given an X Pixmap argument, it returns the id that was passed to Tk_GetBitmap when the bitmap was created. Bitmap must have been the return value from a previous call to Tk_GetBitmap.

Tk_SizeOfBitmap returns the dimensions of its bitmap argument in the words pointed to by the widthPtr and heightPtr arguments. As with Tk_NameOfBitmap, bitmap must have been created by Tk_GetBitmap.

When a bitmap returned by Tk_GetBitmap is no longer needed, Tk_FreeBitmap should be called to release it. There should be exactly one call to Tk_FreeBitmap for each call to Tk_GetBitmap. When a bitmap is no longer in use anywhere (i.e. it has been freed as many times as it has been gotten) Tk_FreeBitmap will release it to the X server and delete it from the database.


In determining whether an existing bitmap can be used to satisfy a new request, Tk_GetBitmap considers only the immediate value of its id argument. For example, when a file name is passed to Tk_GetBitmap, Tk_GetBitmap will assume it is safe to re-use an existing bitmap created from the same file name: it will not check to see whether the file itself has changed, or whether the current directory has changed, thereby causing the name to refer to a different file.


bitmap, pixmap