#  Copyright (c) 1990-1994 The Regents of the University of California.
#  Copyright (c) 1994-1996 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
#  See the file "license.terms" for information on usage and redistribution
#  of this file, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.

=head1 NAME

Tk::Error - Method invoked to process background errors

=for category Binding Events and Callbacks



    require Tk::ErrorDialog;


    sub Tk::Error
      my ($widget,$error,@locations) = @_;



The B<Tk::Error> method is invoked by perl/Tk when a background
error occurs. Two possible implementations are provided in the
distribution and individual applications or users can (re)define a B<Tk::Error>
method (e.g. as a perl sub) if they wish to handle background
errors in some other manner.

A background error is one that occurs in a command that didn't
originate with the application.  For example, if an error occurs
while executing a L<callback|Tk::callbacks> specified with a
L<bind|Tk::bind> or a L<after|Tk::after>
command, then it is a background error.  For a non-background error,
the error can simply be returned up through nested subroutines
until it reaches the top-level code in the application;
then the application can report the error in whatever way it
wishes.  When a background error occurs, the unwinding ends in
the Tk library and there is no obvious way for Tk to report
the error.

When Tk detects a background error, it saves information about the
error and invokes the B<Tk::Error> method later when Tk is idle.

B<Tk::Error> is invoked by perl/Tk as if by the perl code:

S<    >I<$mainwindow>-E<gt>B<Tk::Error>(I<"error message">, I<location ...>);

I<$mainwindow> is the B<MainWindow> associated with widget which
detected the error, I<"error message"> is a string describing the error
that has been detected, I<location> is a list of one or more "locations"
which describe the call sequence at the point the error was detected.

The locations are a typically a mixture of perl location reports giving
script name and line number, and simple strings describing locations in
core Tk or perl/Tk C code.

Tk will ignore any result returned by the B<Tk::Error> method.
If another error occurs within the B<Tk::Error> method
(for example if it calls B<die>) then Tk reports this error
itself by writing a message to stderr (this is to avoid infinite loops
due to any bugs in B<Tk::Error>).

If several background errors accumulate before B<Tk::Error>
is invoked to process them, B<Tk::Error> will be invoked once
for each error, in the order they occurred.
However, if B<Tk::Error> calls B<Tk-E<gt>break>, then
any remaining errors are skipped without calling B<Tk::Error>.

The B<Tk> module includes a default B<Tk::Error> subroutine
that simply reports the error on stderr.

=head1 Tk::ErrorDialog

An alternate definition is provided via:

S<    >C<require Tk::ErrorDialog;>

that posts a dialog box containing the error message and offers
the user a chance to see a stack trace showing where the
error occurred.

This is an OO implementation of the Tcl/Tk command B<bgerror>, with a
twist: since there is only one B<ErrorDialog> widget, you aren't required
to invoke the constructor to create it; it will be created
automatically when the first background error occurs.  However, in
order to configure the I<-cleanupcode> and I<-appendtraceback>
B<ErrorDialog> options you must call the constructor and create it

The B<ErrorDialog> object essentially consists of two subwidgets: a
B<Dialog> widget to display the background error and a B<Text> widget
for the traceback information.  If required, you can invoke various
widget methods to customize these subwidgets - their advertised names
are described below.

S<    >I<$mw>-E<gt>B<ErrorDialog>(-cleanupcode => I<code>, -appendtraceback => I<bool>);

$mw is a window reference.

I<code> is a CODE reference if special post-background error
processing is required (default is undefined). The callback subroutine
is called with @_ having the same arguments that B<Tk::Error> was
invoked with.

I<bool> is a boolean indicating whether or not to append successive
tracebacks (default is 1, do append).

=head2 Advertised ErrorDialog widgets

I<error_dialog> is the Dialog widget reference.

I<text> is the Text widget reference containing the traceback information.

=head1 BUGS

If B<after> or B<fileevent> are not invoked as methods of a widget
then perl/Tk is unable to provide a I<$mainwindow> argument.
To support such code from earlier versions of perl/Tk
perl/Tk therefore calls B<Tk::Error> with string 'Tk' instead:
In this case the B<Tk::Error> in B<Tk::ErrorDialog> and similar
implementations cannot "popup" a window as they don't know which display
to use.  A mechanism to supply I<the> B<MainWindow> in applications
which only have one (a very common case) should be provided.

=head1 SEE ALSO



background error, reporting