=head1 NAME

Porting Apache:: XS Modules from mod_perl 1.0 to 2.0

=head1 Description

This document talks mainly about porting modules using XS code. It's
also helpful to those who start developing mod_perl 2.0 packages.

Also make sure to first read about L<porting Apache:: Perl

=head1 Porting Makefile.PL

It's only an issue if it was using C<Apache::src>. A new configuration
system is in works. So watch this space for updates on this issue.

ModPerl::MM is the new replacement of Apache::src.

=head1 Porting XS Code

If your module's XS code relies on the Apache and mod_perl C APIs,
it's very likely that you will have to adjust the XS code to the
Apache 2.0 and mod_perl 2.0 C API.

The C API has changed a lot, so chances are that you are much better
off not to mix the two APIs in the same XS file. However if you do
want to mix the two you will have to use something like the following:

  #include ap_mmn.h
  /* ... */
  #if AP_MODULE_MAGIC_AT_LEAST(20020903,4)
      /* 2.0 code */
      /* 1.0 code */

The C<20020903,4> is the value of the magic version number matching
Apache 2.0.47, the earliest Apache version supported by mod_perl 2.0.

=head1 Thread Safety

META: to be written

  #ifdef MP_THREADED
      /* threads specific code goes here */

For now see: http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.0/developer/thread_safety.html

=head1 PerlIO

PerlIO layer has become usable only in perl 5.8.0, so if you plan on
working with PerlIO, you can use the C<PERLIO_LAYERS> constant. e.g.:

  #include "perliol.h"
  #include "iperlsys.h"

=head1 'make test' Suite

The C<Apache::Test> testing framework that comes together with
mod_perl 2.0 works with 1.0 and 2.0 mod_perl versions. Therefore you
should consider porting your test suite to use L<the Apache::Test

=head1 Apache C Code Specific Notes

Most of the documentation covering migration to Apache 2.0 can be
found at: http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.0/developer/

The Apache 2.0 API documentation now resides in the C header files,
which can be conveniently browsed via http://docx.webperf.org/.

The APR API documentation can be found here http://apr.apache.org/.

The new Apache and APR APIs include many new functions. Though certain
functions have been preserved, either as is or with a changed
prototype (for example to work with pools), others have been
renamed. So if you are porting your code and the function that you've
used doesn't seem to exist in Apache 2.0, first refer to the "compat"
header files, such as: I<include/ap_compat.h>,
I<srclib/apr/include/apr_compat.h>, and
I<srclib/apr-util/include/apu_compat.h>, which list functions whose
names have changed but which are otherwise the same. If this fails,
proceed to look in other headers files in the following directories:


=item *

I<ap_> functions in I<include/>

=item *

I<apr_> functions in I<srclib/apr/include/> and


=head2 ap_soft_timeout(), ap_reset_timeout(), ap_hard_timeout() and ap_kill_timeout()

If the C part of the module in 1.0 includes C<ap_soft_timeout()>,
C<ap_reset_timeout()>, C<ap_hard_timeout()> and C<ap_kill_timeout()>
functions simply remove these in 2.0. There is no replacement for
these functions because Apache 2.0 uses non-blocking I/O.  As a
side-effect of this change, Apache 2.0 no longer uses C<SIGALRM>,
which has caused conflicts in mod_perl 1.0.

=head1 Maintainers

Maintainer is the person(s) you should contact with updates,
corrections and patches.

Stas Bekman [http://stason.org/]

=head1 Authors


=item *

Stas Bekman [http://stason.org/]

=item *

Doug MacEachern E<lt>dougm (at) covalent.netE<gt>


Only the major authors are listed above. For contributors see the
Changes file.