package Playwright;
$Playwright::VERSION = '0.006';
use strict;
use warnings;

#ABSTRACT: Perl client for Playwright
use 5.006;
use v5.28.0;    # Before 5.006, v5.10.0 would not be understood.

use File::pushd;
use File::ShareDir();
use File::Basename();
use Cwd();
use LWP::UserAgent();
use Sub::Install();
use Net::EmptyPort();
use JSON::MaybeXS();
use File::Slurper();
use File::Which();
use Capture::Tiny qw{capture_merged capture_stderr};
use Carp qw{confess};

use Playwright::Base();
use Playwright::Util();

no warnings 'experimental';
use feature qw{signatures};

our ( $spec, $server_bin, $node_bin, %mapper, %methods_to_rename );

sub _check_node {

    # Check that node is installed
    $node_bin = File::Which::which('node');
    confess("node must exist, be in your PATH and executable")
      unless -x $node_bin;

    my $global_install = '';
    my $path2here =
      File::Basename::dirname( Cwd::abs_path( $INC{'Playwright.pm'} ) );

    # Make sure it's possible to start the server
    $server_bin = "$path2here/../bin/playwright_server";
    if ( !-f $server_bin ) {
        $server_bin     = File::Which::which('playwright_server');
        $global_install = 1;
    }
    confess("Can't locate Playwright server in '$server_bin'!")
      unless -f $server_bin;

    # Attempt to start the server.  If we can't do this, we almost certainly have dependency issues.
    my ($output) =
      capture_merged { system( $node_bin, $server_bin, '--check' ) };
    return if $output =~ m/OK/;

    # Check for the necessary modules, this relies on package.json
    my $npm_bin = File::Which::which('npm');
    confess("npm must exist and be executable") unless -x $npm_bin;

    # pushd/popd closure
    {
        my $curdir = pushd( File::Basename::dirname($server_bin) );

        # Attempt to install deps automatically.
        confess(
            "Production install of node dependencies must be done manually by nonroot users. Run the following:\n\n pushd '$curdir' && sudo npm i yargs express playwright uuid; popd\n\n"
        ) if $global_install;

        my $err = capture_stderr { qx{npm i} };

        # XXX apparently doing it 'once more with feeling' fixes issues on windows, lol
        $err = capture_stderr { qx{npm i} };
        my $exit = $? >> 8;

        # Ignore failing for bogus reasons
        if ( $err !~ m/package-lock/ ) {
            confess("Error installing node dependencies:\n$err") if $exit;
        }
    }
}

sub _build_classes {
    $mapper{mouse} = sub {
        my ( $self, $res ) = @_;
        return Playwright::Mouse->new(
            handle => $self,
            id     => $res->{_guid},
            type   => 'Mouse'
        );
    };
    $mapper{keyboard} = sub {
        my ( $self, $res ) = @_;
        return Playwright::Keyboard->new(
            handle => $self,
            id     => $res->{_guid},
            type   => 'Keyboard'
        );
    };

    %methods_to_rename = (
        '$'      => 'select',
        '$$'     => 'selectMulti',
        '$eval'  => 'eval',
        '$$eval' => 'evalMulti',
    );

    foreach my $class ( keys(%$spec) ) {
        $mapper{$class} = sub {
            my ( $self, $res ) = @_;
            my $class = "Playwright::$class";
            return $class->new(
                handle => $self,
                id     => $res->{_guid},
                type   => $class
            );
        };

        #All of the Playwright::* Classes are made by this MAGIC
        Sub::Install::install_sub(
            {
                code => sub ( $classname, %options ) {
                    @class::ISA = qw{Playwright::Base};
                    $options{type} = $class;
                    return Playwright::Base::new( $classname, %options );
                },
                as   => 'new',
                into => "Playwright::$class",
            }
        ) unless "Playwright::$class"->can('new');

        # Hack in mouse and keyboard objects for the Page class
        if ( $class eq 'Page' ) {
            foreach my $hid (qw{keyboard mouse}) {
                Sub::Install::install_sub(
                    {
                        code => sub {
                            my $self = shift;
                            $Playwright::mapper{$hid}->(
                                $self,
                                {
                                    _type => $self->{type},
                                    _guid => $self->{guid}
                                }
                            ) if exists $Playwright::mapper{$hid};
                        },
                        as   => $hid,
                        into => "Playwright::$class",
                    }
                ) unless "Playwright::$class"->can($hid);
            }
        }

        # Install the subroutines if they aren't already
        foreach my $method ( ( keys( %{ $spec->{$class}{members} } ), 'on' ) ) {
            next if grep { $_ eq $method } qw{keyboard mouse};
            my $renamed =
              exists $methods_to_rename{$method}
              ? $methods_to_rename{$method}
              : $method;

            Sub::Install::install_sub(
                {
                    code => sub {
                        my $self = shift;
                        Playwright::Base::_request(
                            $self,
                            args    => [@_],
                            command => $method,
                            object  => $self->{guid},
                            type    => $self->{type}
                        );
                    },
                    as   => $renamed,
                    into => "Playwright::$class",
                }
            ) unless "Playwright::$class"->can($renamed);
        }
    }
}

sub BEGIN {
    our $SKIP_BEGIN;
    _check_node() unless $SKIP_BEGIN;
}

sub new ( $class, %options ) {

    #XXX yes, this is a race, so we need retries in _start_server
    my $port    = Net::EmptyPort::empty_port();
    my $timeout = $options{timeout} // 30;
    my $self    = bless(
        {
            ua      => $options{ua} // LWP::UserAgent->new(),
            port    => $port,
            debug   => $options{debug},
            pid     => _start_server( $port, $timeout, $options{debug} ),
            parent  => $$,
            timeout => $timeout,
        },
        $class
    );

    $self->_check_and_build_spec();
    _build_classes();

    return $self;
}

sub _check_and_build_spec ($self) {
    return $spec if ref $spec eq 'HASH';

    $spec =
      Playwright::Util::request( 'GET', 'spec', $self->{port}, $self->{ua}, );

    confess(
        "Could not retrieve Playwright specification.  Check that your playwright installation is correct and complete."
    ) unless ref $spec eq 'HASH';
    return $spec;
}

sub launch ( $self, %args ) {

    Playwright::Base::_coerce(
        $spec->{BrowserType}{members},
        args    => [ \%args ],
        command => 'launch'
    );
    delete $args{command};

    my $msg = Playwright::Util::request(
        'POST', 'session', $self->{port}, $self->{ua},
        type => delete $args{type},
        args => [ \%args ]
    );
    return $Playwright::mapper{ $msg->{_type} }->( $self, $msg )
      if ( ref $msg eq 'HASH' )
      && $msg->{_type}
      && exists $Playwright::mapper{ $msg->{_type} };
    return $msg;
}

sub await ( $self, $promise ) {
    confess("Input must be an AsyncData") unless $promise->isa('AsyncData');
    my $obj = $promise->result(1);
    return $obj unless $obj->{_type};
    my $class = "Playwright::$obj->{_type}";
    return $class->new(
        type   => $obj->{_type},
        id     => $obj->{_guid},
        handle => $self
    );
}

sub quit ($self) {

    # Prevent double destroy after quit()
    return if $self->{killed};

    # Prevent destructor from firing in child processes so we can do things like async()
    # This should also prevent the waitpid below from deadlocking due to two processes waiting on the same pid.
    return unless $$ == $self->{parent};

    # Make sure we don't mash the exit code of things like prove
    local $?;

    $self->{killed} = 1;
    print "Attempting to terminate server process...\n" if $self->{debug};
    Playwright::Util::request( 'GET', 'shutdown', $self->{port}, $self->{ua} );

    # 0 is always WCONTINUED, 1 is always WNOHANG, and POSIX is an expensive import
    # When 0 is returned, the process is still active, so it needs more persuasion
    foreach ( 0 .. 3 ) {
        return unless waitpid( $self->{pid}, 1 ) == 0;
        sleep 1;
    }

    # Advanced persuasion
    print "Forcibly terminating server process...\n" if $self->{debug};
    kill( 'TERM', $self->{pid} );

    #XXX unfortunately I can't just do a SIGALRM, because blocking system calls can't be intercepted on win32
    foreach ( 0 .. $self->{timeout} ) {
        return unless waitpid( $self->{pid}, 1 ) == 0;
        sleep 1;
    }
    warn "Could not shut down playwright server!";
    return;
}

sub DESTROY ($self) {
    $self->quit();
}

sub _start_server ( $port, $timeout, $debug ) {
    $debug = $debug ? '-d' : '';

    $ENV{DEBUG} = 'pw:api' if $debug;
    my $pid = fork // confess("Could not fork");
    if ($pid) {
        print "Waiting for port to come up..." if $debug;
        Net::EmptyPort::wait_port( $port, $timeout )
          or confess("Server never came up after 30s!");
        print "done\n" if $debug;
        return $pid;
    }

    exec( $node_bin, $server_bin, "-p", $port, $debug );
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Playwright - Perl client for Playwright

=head1 VERSION

version 0.006

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Playwright;

    my $handle = Playwright->new();
    my $browser = $handle->launch( headless => 0, type => 'chrome' );
    my $page = $browser->newPage();
    my $res = $page->goto('http://somewebsite.test', { waitUntil => 'networkidle' });
    my $frameset = $page->mainFrame();
    my $kidframes = $frameset->childFrames();

    # Grab us some elements
    my $body = $page->select('body');

    # You can also get the innerText
    my $text = $body->textContent();
    $body->click();
    $body->screenshot();

    my $kids = $body->selectMulti('*');

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Perl interface to a lightweight node.js webserver that proxies commands runnable by Playwright.
Checks and automatically installs a copy of the node dependencies in the local folder if needed.

Currently understands commands you can send to all the playwright classes defined in api.json (installed wherever your OS puts shared files for CPAN distributions).

See L<https://playwright.dev/versions> and drill down into your relevant version (run `npm list playwright` )
for what the classes do, and their usage.

All the classes mentioned there will correspond to a subclass of the Playwright namespace.  For example:

    # ISA Playwright
    my $playwright = Playwright->new();
    # ISA Playwright::BrowserContext
    my $ctx = $playwright->newContext(...);
    # ISA Playwright::Page
    my $page = $ctx->newPage(...);
    # ISA Playwright::ElementHandle
    my $element = $ctx->select('body');

See example.pl for a more thoroughly fleshed-out display on how to use this module.

=head3 Questions?

Feel free to join the Playwright slack server, as there is a dedicated #playwright-perl channel which I, the module author, await your requests in.
L<https://aka.ms/playwright-slack>

=head3 Why this documentation does not list all available subclasses and their methods

The documentation and names for the subclasses of Playwright follow the spec strictly:

Playwright::BrowserContext => L<https://playwright.dev/docs/api/class-browsercontext>
Playwright::Page           => L<https://playwright.dev/docs/api/class-page>
Playwright::ElementHandle  => L<https://playwright.dev/docs/api/class-elementhandle>

...And so on.  100% of the spec is accessible regardless of the Playwright version installed
due to these classes & their methods being built dynamically at run time based on the specification
which is shipped with Playwright itself.

You can check what methods are installed for each subclass by doing the following:

    use Data::Dumper;
    print Dumper($instance->{spec});

There are two major exceptions in how things work versus the upstream Playwright documentation, detailed below in the C<Selectors> section.

=head2 Selectors

The selector functions have to be renamed from starting with $ for obvious reasons.
The renamed functions are as follows:

=over 4

=item $ => select

=item $$ => selectMulti

=item $eval => eval

=item $$eval => evalMulti

=back

These functions are present as part of the Page, Frame and ElementHandle classes.

=head2 Scripts

The evaluate() and evaluateHandle() functions can only be run in string mode.
To maximize the usefulness of these, I have wrapped the string passed with the following function:

    const fun = new Function (toEval);
    args = [
        fun,
        ...args
    ];

As such you can effectively treat the script string as a function body.
The same restriction on only being able to pass one arg remains from the upstream:
L<https://playwright.dev/docs/api/class-page#pageevalselector-pagefunction-arg>

You will have to refer to the arguments array as described here:
L<https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Functions/arguments>

=head3 example of evaluate()

    # Read the console
    $page->on('console',"return [...arguments]");

    my $promise = $page->waitForEvent('console');
    #TODO This request can race, the server framework I use to host the playwright spec is *not* FIFO (YET)
    sleep 1;
    $page->evaluate("console.log('hug')");
    my $console_log = $handle->await( $promise );

    print "Logged to console: '".$console_log->text()."'\n";

=head2 Asynchronous operations

The waitFor* methods defined on various classes will return an instance of AsyncData, a part of the L<Async> module.
You will then need to wait on the result of the backgrounded action with the await() method documented below.

    # Assuming $handle is a Playwright object
    my $async = $page->waitForEvent('console');
    $page->evaluate('console.log("whee")');
    my $result = $handle->await( $async );
    my $logged = $result->text();

=head1 INSTALLATION NOTE

If you install this module from CPAN, you will likely encounter a croak() telling you to install node module dependencies.
Follow the instructions and things should be just fine.

If you aren't, please file a bug!

=head1 CONSTRUCTOR

=head2 new(HASH) = (Playwright)

Creates a new browser and returns a handle to interact with it.

=head3 INPUT

    debug (BOOL) : Print extra messages from the Playwright server process
    timeout (INTEGER) : Seconds to wait for the playwright server to spin up and down.  Default: 30s

=head1 METHODS

=head2 launch(HASH) = Playwright::Browser

The Argument hash here is essentially those you'd see from browserType.launch().  See:
L<https://playwright.dev/docs/api/class-browsertype#browsertypelaunchoptions>

There is an additional "special" argument, that of 'type', which is used to specify what type of browser to use, e.g. 'firefox'.

=head2 await (AsyncData) = Object

Waits for an asynchronous operation returned by the waitFor* methods to complete and returns the value.

=head2 quit, DESTROY

Terminate the browser session and wait for the Playwright server to terminate.

Automatically called when the Playwright object goes out of scope.

=head1 BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website
L<https://github.com/teodesian/playwright-perl/issues>

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a
patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired
feature.

=head1 AUTHORS

Current Maintainers:

=over 4

=item *

George S. Baugh <teodesian@gmail.com>

=back

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2020 Troglodyne LLC


Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.

=cut