package Alien::Base::Wrapper;

use strict;
use warnings;
use 5.006;
use Config;
use Text::ParseWords qw( shellwords );

# NOTE: Although this module is now distributed with Alien-Build,
# it should have NO non-perl-core dependencies for all Perls
# 5.6.0-5.30.1 (as of this writing, and any Perl more recent).
# You should be able to extract this module from the rest of
# Alien-Build and use it by itself.  (There is a dzil plugin
# for this [AlienBase::Wrapper::Bundle]

# ABSTRACT: Compiler and linker wrapper for Alien
our $VERSION = '2.74'; # VERSION

sub _join
  join ' ',
    map {
      my $x = $_;
      $x =~ s/(\s)/\\$1/g;
    } @_;

sub new
  my($class, @aliens) = @_;

  my $export = 1;
  my $writemakefile = 0;

  my @cflags_I;
  my @cflags_other;
  my @ldflags_L;
  my @ldflags_l;
  my @ldflags_other;
  my %requires = (
    'ExtUtils::MakeMaker'  => '6.52',
    'Alien::Base::Wrapper' => '1.97',

  foreach my $alien (@aliens)
    if($alien eq '!export')
      $export = 0;
    if($alien eq 'WriteMakefile')
      $writemakefile = 1;
    my $version = 0;
    if($alien =~ s/=(.*)$//)
      $version = $1;
    $alien = "Alien::$alien" unless $alien =~ /::/;
    $requires{$alien} = $version;
    my $alien_pm = $alien . '.pm';
    $alien_pm =~ s/::/\//g;
    require $alien_pm unless eval { $alien->can('cflags') } && eval { $alien->can('libs') };
    my $cflags;
    my $libs;
    if($alien->install_type eq 'share' && $alien->can('cflags_static'))
      $cflags = $alien->cflags_static;
      $libs   = $alien->libs_static;
      $cflags = $alien->cflags;
      $libs   = $alien->libs;

    $cflags = '' unless defined $cflags;
    $libs = '' unless defined $libs;

    push @cflags_I,     grep  /^-I/, shellwords $cflags;
    push @cflags_other, grep !/^-I/, shellwords $cflags;

    push @ldflags_L,     grep  /^-L/,    shellwords $libs;
    push @ldflags_l,     grep  /^-l/,    shellwords $libs;
    push @ldflags_other, grep !/^-[Ll]/, shellwords $libs;

  my @cflags_define = grep  /^-D/, @cflags_other;
  my @cflags_other2 = grep !/^-D/, @cflags_other;

  my @mm;

  push @mm, INC       => _join @cflags_I                             if @cflags_I;
  push @mm, CCFLAGS   => _join(@cflags_other2) . " $Config{ccflags}" if @cflags_other2;
  push @mm, DEFINE    => _join(@cflags_define)                       if @cflags_define;

  # TODO: handle spaces in -L paths
  push @mm, LIBS      => ["@ldflags_L @ldflags_l"];
  my @ldflags = (@ldflags_L, @ldflags_other);
  push @mm, LDDLFLAGS => _join(@ldflags) . " $Config{lddlflags}"     if @ldflags;
  push @mm, LDFLAGS   => _join(@ldflags) . " $Config{ldflags}"       if @ldflags;

  my @mb;

  push @mb, extra_compiler_flags => _join(@cflags_I, @cflags_other);
  push @mb, extra_linker_flags   => _join(@ldflags_l);

    push @mb, config => {
      lddlflags => _join(@ldflags) . " $Config{lddlflags}",
      ldflags   => _join(@ldflags) . " $Config{ldflags}",

  bless {
    cflags_I       => \@cflags_I,
    cflags_other   => \@cflags_other,
    ldflags_L      => \@ldflags_L,
    ldflags_l      => \@ldflags_l,
    ldflags_other  => \@ldflags_other,
    mm             => \@mm,
    mb             => \@mb,
    _export        => $export,
    _writemakefile => $writemakefile,
    requires       => \%requires,
  }, $class;

my $default_abw = __PACKAGE__->new;

# for testing only
sub _reset { __PACKAGE__->new }

sub _myexec
  my @command = @_;
  if($^O eq 'MSWin32')
    # To handle weird quoting on MSWin32
    # this logic needs to be improved.
    my $command = "@command";
    $command =~ s{"}{\\"}g;
    system $command;

    if($? == -1 )
      die "failed to execute: $!\n";
    elsif($? & 127)
      die "child died with signal @{[ $? & 128 ]}";
      exit($? >> 8);
    exec @command;

sub cc
  my @command = (
    @{ $default_abw->{cflags_I} },
    @{ $default_abw->{cflags_other} },
  print "@command\n" unless $ENV{ALIEN_BASE_WRAPPER_QUIET};
  _myexec @command;

sub ld
  my @command = (
    @{ $default_abw->{ldflags_L} },
    @{ $default_abw->{ldflags_other} },
    @{ $default_abw->{ldflags_l} },
  print "@command\n" unless $ENV{ALIEN_BASE_WRAPPER_QUIET};
  _myexec @command;

sub mm_args
  my $self = ref $_[0] ? shift : $default_abw;
  @{ $self->{mm} };

sub mm_args2
  my $self = shift;
  $self = $default_abw unless ref $self;
  my %args = @_;

  my @mm = @{ $self->{mm} };

    my $key = shift @mm;
    my $value = shift @mm;
    if(defined $args{$key})
      if($args{$key} eq 'LIBS')
        require Carp;
        # Todo: support this maybe?
        Carp::croak("please do not specify your own LIBS key with mm_args2");
        $args{$key} = join ' ', $value, $args{$key};
      $args{$key} = $value;

  foreach my $module (keys %{ $self->{requires} })
    $args{CONFIGURE_REQUIRES}->{$module} = $self->{requires}->{$module};


sub mb_args
  my $self = ref $_[0] ? shift : $default_abw;
  @{ $self->{mb} };

sub import
  my $abw = $default_abw = __PACKAGE__->new(@_);
    my $caller = caller;
    no strict 'refs';
    *{"${caller}::cc"} = \&cc;
    *{"${caller}::ld"} = \&ld;
    my $caller = caller;
    no strict 'refs';
    *{"${caller}::WriteMakefile"} = \&WriteMakefile;

sub WriteMakefile
  my %args = @_;

  require ExtUtils::MakeMaker;

  my @aliens;

  if(my $reqs = delete $args{alien_requires})
    if(ref $reqs eq 'HASH')
      @aliens = map {
        my $module  = $_;
        my $version = $reqs->{$module};
        $version ? "$module=$version" : "$module";
      } sort keys %$reqs;
    elsif(ref $reqs eq 'ARRAY')
      @aliens = @$reqs;
      require Carp;
      Carp::croak("aliens_require must be either a hash or array reference");
    require Carp;
    Carp::croak("You are using Alien::Base::Wrapper::WriteMakefile, but didn't specify any alien requirements");


sub _export        { shift->{_export} }
sub _writemakefile { shift->{_writemakefile} }




=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Alien::Base::Wrapper - Compiler and linker wrapper for Alien

=head1 VERSION

version 2.74


From the command line:

 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo,Alien::Bar -e cc -- -o foo.o -c foo.c
 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo,Alien::Bar -e ld -- -o foo foo.o

From Makefile.PL (static):

 use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;
 use Alien::Base::Wrapper ();
   Alien::Base::Wrapper->new( 'Alien::Foo', 'Alien::Bar')->mm_args2(
     'NAME'              => 'Foo::XS',
     'VERSION_FROM'      => 'lib/Foo/',

From Makefile.PL (static with wrapper)

 use Alien::Base::Wrapper qw( WriteMakefile);
   'NAME'              => 'Foo::XS',
   'VERSION_FROM'      => 'lib/Foo/',
   'alien_requires'    => {
     'Alien::Foo' => 0,
     'Alien::Bar' => 0,

From Makefile.PL (dynamic):

 use Devel::CheckLib qw( check_lib );
 use ExtUtils::MakeMaker 6.52;
 my @mm_args;
 my @libs;
 if(check_lib( lib => [ 'foo' ] )
   push @mm_args, LIBS => [ '-lfoo' ];
   push @mm_args,
     CC => '$(FULLPERL) -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e cc --',
     LD => '$(FULLPERL) -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e ld --',
       'Alien::Foo'           => 0,
       'Alien::Base::Wrapper' => 0,
   'NAME'         => 'Foo::XS',
   'VERSION_FROM' => 'lib/Foo/',
     'ExtUtils::MakeMaker' => 6.52,


This module acts as a wrapper around one or more L<Alien> modules.  It is designed to work
with L<Alien::Base> based aliens, but it should work with any L<Alien> which uses the same
essential API.

In the first example (from the command line), this class acts as a wrapper around the
compiler and linker that Perl is configured to use.  It takes the normal compiler and
linker flags and adds the flags provided by the Aliens specified, and then executes the
command.  It will print the command to the console so that you can see exactly what is

In the second example (from Makefile.PL non-dynamic), this class is used to generate the
appropriate L<ExtUtils::MakeMaker> (EUMM) arguments needed to C<WriteMakefile>.

In the third example (from Makefile.PL dynamic), we do a quick check to see if the simple
linker flag C<-lfoo> will work, if so we use that.  If not, we use a wrapper around the
compiler and linker that will use the alien flags that are known at build time.  The
problem that this form attempts to solve is that compiler and linker flags typically
need to be determined at I<configure> time, when a distribution is installed, meaning
if you are going to use an L<Alien> module then it needs to be a configure prerequisite,
even if the library is already installed and easily detected on the operating system.

The author of this module believes that the third (from Makefile.PL dynamic) form is
somewhat unnecessary.  L<Alien> modules based on L<Alien::Base> have a few prerequisites,
but they are well maintained and reliable, so while there is a small cost in terms of extra
dependencies, the overall reliability thanks to reduced overall complexity.


=head2 new

 my $abw = Alien::Base::Wrapper->new(@aliens);

Instead of passing the aliens you want to use into this modules import you can create
a non-global instance of C<Alien::Base::Wrapper> using the OO interface.


=head2 cc

 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e cc -- cflags

Invoke the C compiler with the appropriate flags from C<Alien::Foo> and what
is provided on the command line.

=head2 ld

 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e ld -- ldflags

Invoke the linker with the appropriate flags from C<Alien::Foo> and what
is provided on the command line.

=head2 mm_args

 my %args = $abw->mm_args;
 my %args = Alien::Base::Wrapper->mm_args;

Returns arguments that you can pass into C<WriteMakefile> to compile/link against
the specified Aliens.  Note that this does not set  C<CONFIGURE_REQUIRES>.  You
probably want to use C<mm_args2> below instead for that reason.

=head2 mm_args2

 my %args = $abw->mm_args2(%args);
 my %args = Alien::Base::Wrapper->mm_args2(%args);

Returns arguments that you can pass into C<WriteMakefile> to compile/link against.  It works
a little differently from C<mm_args> above in that you can pass in arguments.  It also adds
the appropriate C<CONFIGURE_REQUIRES> for you so you do not have to do that explicitly.

=head2 mb_args

 my %args = $abw->mb_args;
 my %args = Alien::Base::Wrapper->mb_args;

Returns arguments that you can pass into the constructor to L<Module::Build>.

=head2 WriteMakefile

 use Alien::Base::Wrapper qw( WriteMakefile );
 WriteMakefile(%args, alien_requires => \%aliens);
 WriteMakefile(%args, alien_requires => \@aliens);

This is a thin wrapper around C<WriteMakefile> from L<ExtUtils::MakeMaker>, which adds the
given aliens to the configure requirements and sets the appropriate compiler and linker

If the aliens are specified as a hash reference, then the keys are the module names and the
values are the versions.  For a list it is just the name of the aliens.

For the list form you can specify a version by appending C<=version> to the name of the
Aliens, that is:

   alien_requires => [ 'Alien::libfoo=1.23', 'Alien::libbar=4.56' ],

The list form is recommended if the ordering of the aliens matter.  The aliens are sorted in
the hash form to make it consistent, but it may not be the order that you want.


Alien::Base::Wrapper responds to these environment variables:

=over 4


If set to true, do not print the command before executing


=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Alien::Base>, L<Alien::Base>

=head1 AUTHOR

Author: Graham Ollis E<lt>plicease@cpan.orgE<gt>


Diab Jerius (DJERIUS)

Roy Storey (KIWIROY)

Ilya Pavlov

David Mertens (run4flat)

Mark Nunberg (mordy, mnunberg)

Christian Walde (Mithaldu)

Brian Wightman (MidLifeXis)

Zaki Mughal (zmughal)

mohawk (mohawk2, ETJ)

Vikas N Kumar (vikasnkumar)

Flavio Poletti (polettix)

Salvador Fandiño (salva)

Gianni Ceccarelli (dakkar)

Pavel Shaydo (zwon, trinitum)

Kang-min Liu (劉康民, gugod)

Nicholas Shipp (nshp)

Juan Julián Merelo Guervós (JJ)

Joel Berger (JBERGER)

Petr Písař (ppisar)

Lance Wicks (LANCEW)

Ahmad Fatoum (a3f, ATHREEF)

José Joaquín Atria (JJATRIA)

Duke Leto (LETO)

Shoichi Kaji (SKAJI)

Shawn Laffan (SLAFFAN)

Paul Evans (leonerd, PEVANS)

Håkon Hægland (hakonhagland, HAKONH)

nick nauwelaerts (INPHOBIA)

Florian Weimer


This software is copyright (c) 2011-2022 by Graham Ollis.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.