package Perl::Critic::Policy::Variables::RequireLocalizedPunctuationVars;

use 5.006001;
use strict;
use warnings;
use Readonly;

use Perl::Critic::Utils qw{ :severities :classification $EMPTY hashify};
use base 'Perl::Critic::Policy';

our $VERSION = '1.140';


Readonly::Scalar my $PACKAGE_RX => qr/::/xms;
Readonly::Hash   my %EXCEPTIONS => hashify(qw(
Readonly::Scalar my $DESC => q{Magic variable "%s" should be assigned as "local"};
Readonly::Scalar my $EXPL => [ 81, 82 ];


sub supported_parameters {
    return (
            name            => 'allow',
            description     =>
                q<Global variables to exclude from this policy.>,
            default_string  => $EMPTY,
            behavior        => 'string list',
            list_always_present_values => [ qw< $_ $ARG @_ > ],

sub default_severity     { return $SEVERITY_HIGH             }
sub default_themes       { return qw(core pbp bugs certrec )          }
sub applies_to           { return 'PPI::Token::Operator'     }


sub violates {
    my ( $self, $elem, undef ) = @_;

    return if $elem->content() ne q{=};

    my $destination = $elem->sprevious_sibling;
    return if !$destination;  # huh? assignment in void context??
    while ($destination->isa('PPI::Structure::Subscript')) {
        $destination = $destination->sprevious_sibling()
            or return;

    if (my $var = $self->_is_non_local_magic_dest($destination)) {
       return $self->violation( sprintf( $DESC, $var ), $EXPL, $elem );
    return;  # OK

sub _is_non_local_magic_dest {
    my ($self, $elem) = @_;

    # Quick exit if in good form
    my $modifier = $elem->sprevious_sibling;
            &&  $modifier->isa('PPI::Token::Word')
            &&  ($modifier->content() eq 'local'
                || $modifier->content() eq 'my');

    # Implementation note: Can't rely on PPI::Token::Magic,
    # unfortunately, because we need English too

    if ($elem->isa('PPI::Token::Symbol')) {
        return $self->_is_magic_var($elem) ? $elem : undef;
    elsif (
        or  $elem->isa('PPI::Statement::Expression')
    ) {
        for my $child ($elem->schildren) {
            my $var = $self->_is_non_local_magic_dest($child);
            return $var if $var;



sub _is_magic_var {
    my ($self, $elem) = @_;

    my $variable_name = $elem->symbol();
    return if $self->{_allow}{$variable_name};
    return 1 if $elem->isa('PPI::Token::Magic'); # optimization(?), and
                                        # helps with PPI 1.118 carat
                                        # bug. This bug is gone as of
                                        # 1.208, which is required for
                                        # P::C 1.113. RT 65514
    return if not is_perl_global( $elem );

    return 1;





=head1 NAME

Perl::Critic::Policy::Variables::RequireLocalizedPunctuationVars - Magic variables should be assigned as "local".


This Policy is part of the core L<Perl::Critic|Perl::Critic>


Punctuation variables (and their equivalents) are global
variables.  Messing with globals is dangerous in a complex program as
it can lead to very subtle and hard to fix bugs.  If you must change a
magic variable in a non-trivial program, do it in a local scope.

For example, to slurp a filehandle into a scalar, it's common to set
the record separator to undef instead of a newline.  If you choose to
do this (instead of using L<Path::Tiny|Path::Tiny>!) then be sure to
localize the global and change it for as short a time as possible.

    # BAD:
    $/ = undef;
    my $content = <$fh>;

    # BETTER:
    my $content;
        local $/ = undef;
        $content = <$fh>;

    # A popular idiom:
    my $content = do { local $/ = undef; <$fh> };

This policy also allows the use of C<my>.  Perl prevents using C<my>
with "proper" punctuation variables, but allows C<$a>, C<@ARGV>, the
names declared by L<English|English>, etc.  This is not a good coding
practice, however it is not the concern of this specific policy to
complain about that.

There are exemptions for C<$_> and C<@_>, and the English equivalent


You can configure your own exemptions using the C<allow> option:

    allow = @ARGV $ARGV

These are added to the default exemptions.

=head1 CREDITS

Initial development of this policy was supported by a grant from the
Perl Foundation.

=head1 AUTHOR

Chris Dolan <>


Copyright (c) 2007-2011 Chris Dolan.  Many rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.  The full text of this license
can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.


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