package Perl::Critic::Policy::InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls;

use 5.006001;
use strict;
use warnings;
use Readonly;

use Perl::Critic::Utils qw{ :booleans :characters :severities :classification
                            hashify is_perl_bareword };

use base 'Perl::Critic::Policy';

our $VERSION = '1.140';

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Readonly::Scalar my $DESC => q{Return value of flagged function ignored};
Readonly::Scalar my $EXPL => [208, 278];

Readonly::Array my @DEFAULT_FUNCTIONS => qw(
    open close print say
);
# I created this list by searching for "return" in perlfunc
Readonly::Array my @BUILTIN_FUNCTIONS => qw(
    accept bind binmode chdir chmod chown close closedir connect
    dbmclose dbmopen exec fcntl flock fork ioctl kill link listen
    mkdir msgctl msgget msgrcv msgsnd open opendir pipe print read
    readdir readline readlink readpipe recv rename rmdir say seek seekdir
    semctl semget semop send setpgrp setpriority setsockopt shmctl
    shmget shmread shutdown sleep socket socketpair symlink syscall
    sysopen sysread sysseek system syswrite tell telldir truncate
    umask unlink utime wait waitpid
);

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

sub supported_parameters {
    return (
        {
            name            => 'functions',
            description     =>
                'The set of functions to require checking the return value of.',
            default_string  => join( $SPACE, @DEFAULT_FUNCTIONS ),
            behavior        => 'string list',
        },
        {
            name            => 'exclude_functions',
            description     =>
                'The set of functions to not require checking the return value of.',
            default_string  => $EMPTY,
            behavior        => 'string list',
        },
        {
            name            => 'autodie_modules',
            description     => 'Modules which export autodie.',
            default_string  => 'autodie',
            behavior        => 'string list',
        },
    );
}

sub default_severity     { return $SEVERITY_LOWEST       }
sub default_themes       { return qw( core maintenance certrule ) }
sub applies_to           { return 'PPI::Token::Word'     }

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

sub initialize_if_enabled {
    my ($self, $config) = @_;

    my @specified_functions = keys %{ $self->{_functions} };
    my @resulting_functions;

    foreach my $function (@specified_functions) {
        if ( $function eq ':defaults' ) {
            push @resulting_functions, @DEFAULT_FUNCTIONS;
        }
        elsif ( $function eq ':builtins' ) {
            push @resulting_functions, @BUILTIN_FUNCTIONS;
        }
        else {
            push @resulting_functions, $function;
        }
    }

    my %functions = hashify(@resulting_functions);

    foreach my $function ( keys %{ $self->{_exclude_functions} } ) {
        delete $functions{$function};
    }

    $self->{_functions} = \%functions;

    return $TRUE;
}

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

sub violates {
    my ( $self, $elem, undef ) = @_;

    if ( $self->{_functions}->{':all'} ) {
        return if is_perl_bareword($elem);
        return if $self->{_exclude_functions}->{ $elem->content() };
    }
    elsif ( not $self->{_functions}->{ $elem->content() } ) {
        return;
    }

    return if ! is_unchecked_call( $elem, [ keys %{ $self->{_autodie_modules} } ] );

    return $self->violation( "$DESC - " . $elem->content(), $EXPL, $elem );
}


1;

__END__

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

=pod

=for stopwords nyah autodie builtins

=head1 NAME

Perl::Critic::Policy::InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls - Return value of flagged function ignored.

=head1 AFFILIATION

This Policy is part of the core L<Perl::Critic|Perl::Critic>
distribution.


=head1 DESCRIPTION

This performs identically to InputOutput::RequireCheckedOpen/Close
except that this is configurable to apply to any function, whether
core or user-defined.

If your module uses L<Fatal|Fatal>,
L<Fatal::Exception|Fatal::Exception>, or L<autodie|autodie> then any functions
wrapped by those modules will not trigger this policy.  For example:

    use Fatal qw(open);
    open my $fh, $filename;  # no violation
    close $fh;               # yes violation

    use autodie;
    open $filehandle, $mode, $filename;   # no violation

Currently, L<autodie|autodie> is not properly treated as a pragma; its
lexical effects aren't taken into account.


=head1 CONFIGURATION

This policy watches for a configurable list of function names.  By
default, it applies to C<open>, C<print>, C<say> and C<close>.  You can
override this to set it to a different list of functions with the
C<functions> and C<exclude_functions> settings.  To do this, put
entries in a F<.perlcriticrc> file like this:

    [InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls]
    functions = open opendir read readline readdir close closedir

We have defined a few shortcuts for creating this list

    [InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls]
    functions = :defaults opendir readdir closedir

    [InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls]
    functions = :builtins

    [InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls]
    functions = :all

The C<:builtins> shortcut above represents all of the builtin
functions that have error conditions (about 65 of them, many of them
rather obscure).

You can require checking all builtins except C<print> by combining
the C<functions> and C<exclude_functions>:

    [InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls]
    functions = :builtins
    exclude_functions = print

This is a lot easier to read than the alternative.

The C<:all> is the insane case: you must check the return value of
EVERY function call, even C<return> and C<exit>.  Yes, this "feature"
is overkill and is wasting CPU cycles on your computer by just
existing.  Nyah nyah.  I shouldn't code after midnight.

If you create a module that exports C<autodie> you can tell this policy about
it with the C<autodie_modules> setting:

    [InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls]
    autodie_modules = My::Thing

=head1 CREDITS

Initial development of this policy was supported by a grant from the
Perl Foundation.

This policy module is based heavily on policies written by Andrew
Moore <amoore@mooresystems.com>.


=head1 AUTHOR

Chris Dolan <cdolan@cpan.org>


=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2007-2011 Chris Dolan.  Many rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.  The full text of this license
can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.

=cut

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