package Plack::Component;
use strict;
use warnings;
use Carp ();
use Plack::Util;
use overload '&{}' => \&to_app_auto, fallback => 1;

sub new {
    my $proto = shift;
    my $class = ref $proto || $proto;

    my $self;
    if (@_ == 1 && ref $_[0] eq 'HASH') {
        $self = bless {%{$_[0]}}, $class;
    } else {
        $self = bless {@_}, $class;


sub to_app_auto {
    my $self = shift;
    if (($ENV{PLACK_ENV} || '') eq 'development') {
        my $class = ref($self);
        warn "WARNING: Automatically converting $class instance to a PSGI code reference. " .
          "If you see this warning for each request, you probably need to explicitly call " .
          "to_app() i.e. $class->new(...)->to_app in your PSGI file.\n";

# this is for back-compat only,
# future modules should use
# Plack::Util::Accessor directly
# or their own favorite accessor
# generator.
# - SL
sub mk_accessors {
    my $self = shift;
    Plack::Util::Accessor::mk_accessors( ref( $self ) || $self, @_ )

sub prepare_app { return }

sub to_app {
    my $self = shift;
    return sub { $self->call(@_) };

sub response_cb {
    my($self, $res, $cb) = @_;
    Plack::Util::response_cb($res, $cb);



=head1 NAME

Plack::Component - Base class for PSGI endpoints


  package Plack::App::Foo;
  use parent qw( Plack::Component );

  sub call {
      my($self, $env) = @_;
      # Do something with $env

      my $res = ...; # create a response ...

      # return the response
      return $res;


Plack::Component is the base class shared between L<Plack::Middleware>
and C<Plack::App::*> modules. If you are writing middleware, you should
inherit from L<Plack::Middleware>, but if you are writing a
Plack::App::* you should inherit from this directly.


=over 4

=item call ($env)

You are expected to implement a C<call> method in your component. This
is where all the work gets done. It receives the PSGI C<$env> hash-ref
as an argument and is expected to return a proper PSGI response value.


=head1 METHODS

=over 4

=item new (%opts | \%opts)

The constructor accepts either a hash or a hashref and uses that to
create the instance. It will call no other methods and simply return
the instance that is created.

=item prepare_app

This method is called by C<to_app> and is meant as a hook to be used to
prepare your component before it is packaged as a PSGI C<$app>.

=item to_app

This is the method used in several parts of the Plack infrastructure to
convert your component into a PSGI C<$app>. You should not ever need to
override this method; it is recommended to use C<prepare_app> and C<call>

=item response_cb

This is a wrapper for C<response_cb> in L<Plack::Util>. See
L<Plack::Middleware/RESPONSE CALLBACK> for details.



Objects for the derived classes (Plack::App::* or
Plack::Middleware::*) are created at the PSGI application compile
phase using C<new>, C<prepare_app> and C<to_app>, and the created
object persists during the web server lifecycle, unless it is running
on the non-persistent environment like CGI. C<call> is invoked against
the same object whenever a new request comes in.

You can check if it is running in a persistent environment by checking
C<psgi.run_once> key in the C<$env> being true (non-persistent) or
false (persistent), but it is best for you to write your middleware
safely for a persistent environment. To accomplish that, you should
avoid saving per-request data like C<$env> in your object.


The L<Plack::Middleware> module used to inherit from L<Class::Accessor::Fast>,
which has been removed in favor of the L<Plack::Util::Accessor> module. When
developing new components it is recommended to use L<Plack::Util::Accessor>
like so:

  use Plack::Util::Accessor qw( foo bar baz );

However, in order to keep backwards compatibility this module provides a
C<mk_accessors> method similar to L<Class::Accessor::Fast>. New code should
not use this and use L<Plack::Util::Accessor> instead.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Plack> L<Plack::Builder> L<Plack::Middleware>