package Plack::App::WrapCGI;
use strict;
use warnings;
use parent qw(Plack::Component);
use Plack::Util::Accessor qw(script execute _app);
use File::Spec;
use CGI::Emulate::PSGI;
use CGI::Compile;
use Carp;
use POSIX ":sys_wait_h";

sub slurp_fh {
    my $fh = $_[0];
    local $/;
    my $v = <$fh>;
    defined $v ? $v : '';

sub prepare_app {
    my $self = shift;
    my $script = $self->script
        or croak "'script' is not set";

    $script = File::Spec->rel2abs($script);

    if ($self->execute) {
        my $app = sub {
            my $env = shift;

            pipe( my $stdoutr, my $stdoutw );
            pipe( my $stdinr,  my $stdinw );

            local $SIG{CHLD} = 'DEFAULT';

            my $pid = fork();
            Carp::croak("fork failed: $!") unless defined $pid;

            if ($pid == 0) { # child
                local $SIG{__DIE__} = sub {
                    print STDERR @_;

                close $stdoutr;
                close $stdinw;

                local %ENV = (%ENV, CGI::Emulate::PSGI->emulate_environment($env));

                open( STDOUT, ">&=" . fileno($stdoutw) )
                  or Carp::croak "Cannot dup STDOUT: $!";
                open( STDIN, "<&=" . fileno($stdinr) )
                  or Carp::croak "Cannot dup STDIN: $!";

                exec($script) or Carp::croak("cannot exec: $!");


            close $stdoutw;
            close $stdinr;

            syswrite($stdinw, slurp_fh($env->{'psgi.input'}));
            # close STDIN so child will stop waiting
            close $stdinw;

            my $res = ''; my $waited_pid;
            while (($waited_pid = waitpid($pid, WNOHANG)) == 0) {
                $res .= slurp_fh($stdoutr);
            $res .= slurp_fh($stdoutr);

            # -1 means that the child went away, and something else
            # (probably some global SIGCHLD handler) took care of it;
            # yes, we just reset $SIG{CHLD} above, but you can never
            # be too sure
            if (POSIX::WIFEXITED($?) || $waited_pid == -1) {
                return CGI::Parse::PSGI::parse_cgi_output(\$res);
            } else {
                Carp::croak("Error at run_on_shell CGI: $!");
    } else {
        my $sub = CGI::Compile->compile($script);
        my $app = CGI::Emulate::PSGI->handler($sub);


sub call {
    my($self, $env) = @_;



=head1 NAME

Plack::App::WrapCGI - Compiles a CGI script as PSGI application


  use Plack::App::WrapCGI;

  my $app = Plack::App::WrapCGI->new(script => "/path/to/")->to_app;

  # if you want to execute as a real CGI script
  my $app = Plack::App::WrapCGI->new(script => "/path/to/script.rb", execute => 1)->to_app;


Plack::App::WrapCGI compiles a CGI script into a PSGI application
using L<CGI::Compile> and L<CGI::Emulate::PSGI>, and runs it with any
PSGI server as a PSGI application.

See also L<Plack::App::CGIBin> if you have a directory that contains a
lot of CGI scripts and serve them like Apache's mod_cgi.

=head1 METHODS

=over 4

=item new

  my $app = Plack::App::WrapCGI->new(%args);

Creates a new PSGI application using the given script. I<%args> has two

=over 8

=item script

The path to a CGI-style program. This is a required parameter.

=item execute

An optional parameter. When set to a true value, this app will run the script
with a CGI-style C<fork>/C<exec> model. Note that you may run programs written
in other languages with this approach.



=head1 AUTHOR

Tatsuhiko Miyagawa

=head1 SEE ALSO