package Module::Mask::Deps;

use strict;
use warnings;

our $VERSION = '0.07';

=head1 NAME

Module::Mask::Deps - Mask modules not listed as dependencies


Cause your test suite to blow up if you require a module not listed as a
requirement in C<META.yml> or C<META.json>.

    perl Build.PL
    HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES=-MModule::Mask::Deps ./Build test

Or use directly in your testing code:

    use Module::Mask::Deps;

    BEGIN {
        # die if an unlisted module is used

    # turn off masking (at compile time)
    no Module::Mask::Deps;

    # .. or at run-time
    unimport Module::Mask::Deps;

Or use lexically:

    require Module::Mask::Deps;

        my $mask = new Module::Mask::Deps;

        # Non-dependencies masked until end-of-scope.

        # ... 

    require Arbitrary::Module;


This module aims to help module developers keep track of their dependencies by
only allowing modules to be loaded if they are in core or are listed as

It uses L<Module::CoreList> and L<Parse::CPAN::Meta> to build its list of
declared dependant modules.


use Module::CoreList;
use Module::Mask;
use Parse::CPAN::Meta;

# Need to load these early in case we mask them later
use CPAN::Meta::YAML;
use JSON::PP;

use File::Spec::Functions qw(

our @ISA = qw( Module::Mask::Inverted );

=head1 METHODS

=head2 import

    use Module::Mask::Deps;

    import Module::Mask::Deps;

Causes a L<Module::Mask::Deps> object to be created as
C<$Module::Mask::Deps::Mask>. This means that when called with C<use> the mask
object is is in scope at compile time and therefore should affect all
subsequent C<use> and C<require> statements in the program.


our $Mask;

sub import {
    my $class = shift;

    if ($Mask) {
    else {
        $Mask = $class->new;

=head2 unimport

    unimport Module::Mask::Deps

    no Module::Mask::Deps;

Stops the mask from working until import is called again. See clear_mask in

Note that C<no Module::Mask::Deps> occurs at compile time and is not lexical
in the same way as C<no strict> and <no warnings> are.


sub unimport {
    $Mask->clear_mask if $Mask;

=head2 new

    $obj = $class->new()

Returns a new C<Module::Mask::Deps> object. See L<Module::Mask> for details
about how modules are masked.


sub new {
    my $class = shift;

    my @deps = $class->get_deps;

    return $class->SUPER::new(@deps);

=head2 set_mask

    $obj = $obj->set_mask()

Overloaded from L<Module::Mask> to place the mask object after any relative
paths at the beginning of @INC.

Typically, in a testing environment, local paths are unshifted into @INC by
C<>, C<> or command-line switches. We don't want the mask to
affect those paths.

Also, relative paths passed to require will not be masked.

    # Will check @INC but won't be masked
    require 't/';

    # Won't even check @INC
    require './t/';


sub set_mask {
    my $self = shift;

    # now the mask should be at the start of @INC

    # This is less code, but it's not as clear.
    # Might even be less efficient.
    # for (my $i = 1; $self->_rel_path($INC[$i]); $i++) {
        # unshift @INC, splice @INC, $i, 1;
    # }

    # count how many relative paths follow the mask object
    my $count = 0;
    for my $entry (@INC[1 .. $#INC]) {
        if ($self->_rel_path($entry)) {
        else {

    # move relative entries in front of the mask object
    unshift @INC, splice @INC, 1, $count;

    return $self;

sub _rel_path {
    my ($self, $entry) = @_;
    return !file_name_is_absolute($entry)
        || (splitdir(abs2rel($entry)))[0] ne updir;

# prevent sub-dependencies from being masked
sub Module::Mask::Deps::INC {
    my ($self, $module) = @_;

    if ($self->is_masked($module)) {
        my ($call_pack, $call_file) = caller;

        if ($self->_is_listed($call_pack)) {
            # we've explicitly whitelisted the calling package,
            # don't mask its dependencies

            # also add this module to the whitelist

        elsif (-f $module) {
            # $module must be a local, relative path.
            # Absolute paths don't check @INC
            # It will be loaded as long as . is in @INC
        else {
            # Maybe we're being called from a package defined inside a module
            # file 
            my %inc_lookup = reverse %INC;

            # This won't work unless the module is loaded from the filesystem
            my $call_mod = $inc_lookup{$call_file};

            if ($call_mod and $self->_is_listed($call_mod)) {
                # Add the sub-package to the whitelist so we don't need to
                # re-check next time
                $self->mask_modules($call_pack, $module);


    return $self->SUPER::INC($module);

=head2 get_deps

    @deps = $class->get_deps()

Returns current dependencies as defined in either C<META.json> or C<META.yml>,
checked in that order.  This is used internally by import and new, so there's
no need to call it directly.

It returns all explicitly defined dependencies, plus all core dependencies for
the appropriate version of Perl, i.e. either the minimum version specified in
the meta file or the currently running version.

The sections of the metadata checked for dependencies are:


=item requires

=item test_requires

=item build_requires



sub get_deps {
    my $class = shift;

    my @errors;

    for my $file ($class->_meta_files) {
        # Ignore errors reading the file
        if (my $meta = eval { Parse::CPAN::Meta->load_file($file) }) {
            my %deps = $class->_meta_reqs($meta);

            my $perl_version = delete $deps{perl} || $];

            return $class->_merge_core($perl_version, keys %deps);
        elsif ($@) {
            push @errors, $@;

    local $" = "\n";
    die "$class: Couldn't find dependencies\n@errors\n";

sub _meta_files {
    return qw( META.json META.yml );

# Extract requirements from metadata.
# There are two formats for this, try all combinations and return as a hash
sub _meta_reqs {
    my ($class, $meta) = @_;

    my @top_keys = grep /(?:_|^)requires$/, keys %$meta;

    return (
        ( map %$_, @$meta{ @top_keys } ),
        ( map %{ $_->{requires} }, values %{ $meta->{prereqs} || {} } ),

# convenience function to return unique deps for a given perl version and
# dependency list
sub _merge_core {
    my ($class, $version, @deps) = @_;
    my @core = $class->_get_core($version);
    my %seen;

    return grep { !$seen{$_}++ } (@core, @deps);

# Find core modules for the given perl version
sub _get_core {
    my $class = shift;
    my $perl_version = shift;
    my @core;

    @core = $class->_core_for_version($perl_version);

    return @core if @core;

    # Nothing found,
    # Maybe $perl_version needs reformatting..

    if (my $clean = $class->_clean_version($perl_version)) {
        @core = $class->_core_for_version($clean);

    return @core if @core;

    # still nothing..

    die "$class: Couldn't find core modules for perl $perl_version\n";

# wrap %Module::CoreList::version
sub _core_for_version {
    my $class = shift;
    my $perl_version = shift;

use Carp qw( confess );
    confess "undef perl version" unless defined $perl_version;

    if (exists $Module::CoreList::version{$perl_version}) {
        return keys %{$Module::CoreList::version{$perl_version}};
    else {

# try to transform perl version numbers into the type used in Module::CoreList
sub _clean_version {
    my ($class, $version) = @_;
    $version =~ tr/0-9._//dc;
    my ($major, @minors) = split(/[._]/, $version);

    # we don't want trailing zeros
    pop @minors while @minors && $minors[-1] == 0;

    @minors = map { sprintf('%03d', $_) } @minors;

    if (@minors > 1 && $major == 5 && $minors[0] >= 3 && $minors[0] < 6) {
        # Between 5.3 and 5.6, the second minor version is 2 digits
        # 5.3.7 => 5.00307
        # 5.5.3 => 5.00503

        $minors[1] =~ s/^0//;

    local $" = '';

    return @minors ? "$major.@minors" : $major;




Like Module::Mask, already loaded modules cannot be masked. This means that
dependencies of Module::Mask::Deps can never be masked.

To see a full list of modules for which this applies, run:

    perl -le 'require Module::Mask::Deps; print for keys %INC'


All error messages are prefixes by the name of the calling class, e.g.

    Module::Mask::Deps: Couldn't find dependencies

The following fatal errors can occur:


=item * Couldn't find dependencies

The class couldn't find dependencies for the current distribution.

This may mean that C<META.yml> or C<META.json> do not (yet) exist. Running C<<
make dist >> or C<< make distmeta >> (or equivalents) may fix this.

Further information about the error might be provided on subsequent lines.

=item * Couldn't find core modules for perl $version

The given perl version couldn't be found in %Module::CoreList::version, you
might need to upgrade L<Module::CoreList>, or the perl version specified in
Build.PL might be invalid. Otherwise, please report it as a bug.


=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Module::Mask>, L<Module::CoreList>

=head1 AUTHOR

Matt Lawrence E<lt>mattlaw@cpan.orgE<gt>


vim: ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 sr et