SQL::KeywordSearch - generate SQL for simple keyword searches

      use SQL::KeywordSearch;

      my ($search_sql,@bind) =
            keywords   => 'cat,brown,whiskers',
            columns    => ['pets','colors','names']

      my $sql = "SELECT title from articles
                    WHERE user_id = 5 AND ".$search_sql;

About keyword searching
    The solution provided here is *simple*, suitable for relatively small
    numbers of rows and columns. It is also simple-minded in that it *can't*
    sort the results based on their relevance.

    For large data sets and more features, a full-text indexing and
    searching solution is recommended to be used instead. Tsearch2 for
    PostgreSQL, <> is
    one such solution.

Database Support
    This module was developed for use with PostgreSQL. It can work with
    other databases by specifying the regular expression operator to use.
    The 'REGEXP' operator should work for MySQL.

    Since a regular expression for word boundary checking is about the only
    fancy database feature we used, other databases should work as well.

     ($sql,@bind) = sql_keyword_search(...);
     (@interp)    = sql_keyword_search(interp => 1, ...);

    sql_keyword_search builds a sql statement based on a keyword field
    containing a list of comma, space, semicolon or colon separated
    keywords. This prepares a case-insensitive regular expression search.

     ($sql, @bind) =
             keywords          => 'cat,brown',
             columns           => ['pets','colors'],
             every_column      => 1,
             every_word        => 1,
             whole_word        => 1,
             operator          => 'REGEXP'

    Now the result would look like:

      $sql = qq{(
        (lower(pets) ~ lower(?)
         OR lower(colors) ~ lower(?)
        (lower(pets) ~ lower(?)
         OR lower(colors) ~ lower(?)

      @bind = ('cat','cat','brown','brown');

    You can control the use of AND, OR and other aspects of the SQL
    generation through the options below.

        A string of comma,space,semicolon or color separated keywords.

        An anonymous array of columns to perform the keyword search on.

    every_column (default: false)
        If you would like all words to match in all columns, you set this to

        By default, words can match in one or more columns.

    every_word (default: false)
        If you would like all words to match in particular column for it to
        be considered a match, set this value to 1

        By default, one or more words can match in a particular column.

    whole_word (default: false)
        Set this to true to do only match against whole words. A substring
        search is the default.

    operator (default: ~)
        Set to 'REGEXP' if you are using MySQL. The default works for

    interp (default: off)
            # integrate with DBIx::Interp
            my $articles = $dbx->selectall_arrayref_i("
                SELECT article_id, title, summary
                    FROM articles
                    WHERE ",
                          keywords   => $q->param('q'),
                          columns    => [qw/title summary/]
                          interp     => 1,

        Turn this on to return an array of SQL like SQL::Interp or
        DBIx::Interp expect as input.

AUTHOR, "<mark at>"

    Please report any bugs or feature requests to "bug-sql-keywordsearch at", or through the web interface at
    <>. I
    will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress
    on your bug as I make changes.


    Copyright 2006 - 2009 Mark Stosberg, <>, all rights

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl itself.