=encoding utf8

=head1 NAME

Mail::Server::IMAP4::User - manage the folders of one user

=head1 INHERITANCE

 Mail::Server::IMAP4::User
   is a Mail::Box::Manage::User
   is a Mail::Box::Manager
   is a Mail::Reporter

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 my $mgr = Mail::Server::IMAP4::User->new(...);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This class adds IMAP protocol features to the normal L<Mail::Box::Manager|Mail::Box::Manager>.

Extends L<"DESCRIPTION" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"DESCRIPTION">.
 
=head1 METHODS

Extends L<"METHODS" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"METHODS">.
 
=head2 Constructors

Extends L<"Constructors" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Constructors">.
 
=over 4

=item Mail::Server::IMAP4::User-E<gt>B<new>(%options)

 -Option             --Defined in             --Default
  autodetect           Mail::Box::Manager       undef
  collection_type      Mail::Box::Manage::User  Mail::Box::Collection
  default_folder_type  Mail::Box::Manager       'mbox'
  delimiter            Mail::Box::Manage::User  "/"
  folder_id_type       Mail::Box::Manage::User  Mail::Box::Identity
  folder_types         Mail::Box::Manager       <all standard types>
  folderdir            Mail::Box::Manager       [ '.' ]
  folderdirs           Mail::Box::Manager       <synonym for C<folderdir>>
  identity             Mail::Box::Manage::User  <required>
  inbox                Mail::Box::Manage::User  undef
  index_filename                                $folderdir/index
  log                  Mail::Reporter           'WARNINGS'
  topfolder_name       Mail::Box::Manage::User  '='
  trace                Mail::Reporter           'WARNINGS'

=over 2

=item autodetect => TYPE|ARRAY-OF-TYPES

=item collection_type => CLASS

=item default_folder_type => NAME|CLASS

=item delimiter => STRING

=item folder_id_type => CLASS|OBJECT

=item folder_types => NEW-TYPE | ARRAY-OF-NEW-TYPES

=item folderdir => DIRECTORY

=item folderdirs => [DIRECTORIES]

=item identity => OBJECT

=item inbox => NAME

=item index_filename => FILENAME

=item log => LEVEL

=item topfolder_name => STRING

=item trace => LEVEL

=back

=back

=head2 Attributes

Extends L<"Attributes" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Attributes">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<defaultFolderType>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Attributes">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<folderTypes>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Attributes">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<folderdir>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Attributes">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<identity>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Attributes">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<inbox>( [$name] )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Attributes">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<indexFilename>()

Returns the filename of the index file.

=item $obj-E<gt>B<registerType>($type, $class, %options)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Attributes">

=back

=head2 Manage open folders

Extends L<"Manage open folders" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage open folders">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<close>($folder, %options)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<closeAllFolders>(, %options)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<isOpenFolder>($folder)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<open>( [$foldername], %options )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<openFolders>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">

=back

=head2 Manage existing folders

Extends L<"Manage existing folders" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage existing folders">.
 
=head2 Manage folders

Extends L<"Manage folders" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage folders">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<create>($name, %options)

Creates a new folder with the specified name.  Folder info is returned,
which will be very simple.  In the accidental case that the folder already
exists, a warning will be issued, and that folder's data returned.

 -Option       --Defined in             --Default
  create_real    Mail::Box::Manage::User  <true>
  create_supers  Mail::Box::Manage::User  <false>
  deleted        Mail::Box::Manage::User  <false>
  id_options     Mail::Box::Manage::User  []

=over 2

=item create_real => BOOLEAN

=item create_supers => BOOLEAN

=item deleted => BOOLEAN

=item id_options => ARRAY

=back

=item $obj-E<gt>B<delete>($name, %options)

Remove all signs from the folder on the file-system.  Messages still in
the folder will be removed.
This method returns a true value when the folder has been removed or
not found, so "false" means failure.

It is also possible to delete a folder using C<< $folder->delete >>, which
will call this method here.  %options, which are used for some other folder
types, will be ignored here: the user's index contains the required details.

 -Option   --Defined in        --Default
  recursive  Mail::Box::Manager  <folder's default>

=over 2

=item recursive => BOOLEAN

=back

example: how to delete a folder

 print "no xyz (anymore)\n" if $user->delete('xyz');

=item $obj-E<gt>B<folder>($name)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<folderCollection>($name)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<folderInfo>($name)

Returns a hash with folder information.  In normal circumstances, it is
cheap to get these details, because they are cached in an index file,
maintained by Mail::Box::Netzwert::UserIndex.

DO NOT modify the values you find in the hash, because that data may
or may not be lost (see Mail::Box::Netzwert::UserIndex subroutine change).

DO NOT trust on the existence of any field in the info: fields may get
renamed, removed, or added over time.  Not all folder indexes will be
generated by the same software release.

example: how to get global info about a folder

 my $info = $user->folderInfo($name); # get info

=item $obj-E<gt>B<rename>($oldname, $newname, %options)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<topfolder>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage folders">

=back

=head2 Move messages to folders

Extends L<"Move messages to folders" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Move messages to folders">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<appendMessage>( [$folder|$foldername], $messages, %options )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Move messages to folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<copyMessage>( [$folder|$foldername], $messages, %options )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Move messages to folders">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<moveMessage>( [$folder|$foldername], $messages, %options )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Move messages to folders">

=back

=head2 Manage message threads

Extends L<"Manage message threads" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage message threads">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<threads>( [$folders], %options )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage message threads">

=back

=head2 Internals

Extends L<"Internals" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Internals">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<decodeFolderURL>($url)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Internals">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<toBeThreaded>($folder, $messages)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Internals">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<toBeUnthreaded>($folder, $messages)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Box::Manager/"Internals">

=back

=head2 Error handling

Extends L<"Error handling" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Error handling">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<AUTOLOAD>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<addReport>($object)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<defaultTrace>( [$level]|[$loglevel, $tracelevel]|[$level, $callback] )

=item Mail::Server::IMAP4::User-E<gt>B<defaultTrace>( [$level]|[$loglevel, $tracelevel]|[$level, $callback] )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<errors>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<log>( [$level, [$strings]] )

=item Mail::Server::IMAP4::User-E<gt>B<log>( [$level, [$strings]] )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<logPriority>($level)

=item Mail::Server::IMAP4::User-E<gt>B<logPriority>($level)

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<logSettings>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<notImplemented>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<report>( [$level] )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<reportAll>( [$level] )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<trace>( [$level] )

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=item $obj-E<gt>B<warnings>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Error handling">

=back

=head2 Cleanup

Extends L<"Cleanup" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Cleanup">.
 
=over 4

=item $obj-E<gt>B<DESTROY>()

Inherited, see L<Mail::Reporter/"Cleanup">

=back

=head1 DETAILS

Extends L<"DETAILS" in Mail::Box::Manage::User|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"DETAILS">.
 
=head1 DIAGNOSTICS

=over 4

=item Error: Cannot create folder directory $dir: $!

=item Error: Cannot rename $name to $new: higher levels missing

Unless you set L<create(create_supers)|Mail::Box::Manage::User/"Manage folders">, all higher level folders must
exist before this new one can be created.

=item Error: Cannot write name for folder in $file: $!

=item Error: Failed writing folder name to $file: $!

=item Warning: Folder $name already exists, creation skipped

=item Error: Folder $name is already open.

You cannot ask the manager for a folder which is already open. In some
older releases (before MailBox 2.049), this was permitted, but then
behaviour changed, because many nasty side-effects are to be expected.
For instance, an L<Mail::Box::update()|Mail::Box/"The folder"> on one folder handle would
influence the second, probably unexpectedly.

=item Error: Folder $name is not a Mail::Box; cannot add a message.

The folder where the message should be appended to is an object which is
not a folder type which extends L<Mail::Box|Mail::Box>.  Probably, it is not a folder
at all.

=item Warning: Folder does not exist, failed opening $type folder $name.

The folder does not exist and creating is not permitted (see
L<open(create)|Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">) or did not succeed.  When you do not have sufficient
access rights to the folder (for instance wrong password for POP3),
this warning will be produced as well.

The manager tried to open a folder of the specified type.  It may help
to explicitly state the type of your folder with the C<type> option.
There will probably be another warning or error message which is related
to this report and provides more details about its cause.  You may also
have a look at L<new(autodetect)|Mail::Box::Manager/"METHODS"> and L<new(folder_types)|Mail::Box::Manager/"METHODS">.

=item Warning: Folder type $type is unknown, using autodetect.

The specified folder type (see L<open(type)|Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">, possibly derived from
the folder name when specified as url) is not known to the manager.
This may mean that you forgot to require the L<Mail::Box|Mail::Box> extension
which implements this folder type, but probably it is a typo.  Usually,
the manager is able to figure-out which type to use by itself.

=item Error: Illegal folder URL '$url'.

The folder name was specified as URL, but not according to the syntax.
See L<decodeFolderURL()|Mail::Box::Manager/"Internals"> for an description of the syntax.

=item Error: No foldername specified to open.

C<open()> needs a folder name as first argument (before the list of options),
or with the C<folder> option within the list.  If no name was found, the
MAIL environment variable is checked.  When even that does not result in
a usable folder, then this error is produced.  The error may be caused by
an accidental odd-length option list.

=item Error: Package $package does not implement $method.

Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does not
implement this method where it should. This message means that some other
related classes do implement this method however the class at hand does
not.  Probably you should investigate this and probably inform the author
of the package.

=item Error: Unable to remove folder $dir

=item Error: Use appendMessage() to add messages which are not in a folder.

You do not need to copy this message into the folder, because you do
not share the message between folders.

=item Warning: Use moveMessage() or copyMessage() to move between open folders.

The message is already part of a folder, and now it should be appended
to a different folder.  You need to decide between copy or move, which
both will clone the message (not the body, because they are immutable).

=item Warning: Will never create a folder $name without having write access.

You have set L<open(create)|Mail::Box::Manager/"Manage open folders">, but only want to read the folder.  Create is
only useful for folders which have write or append access modes
(see L<Mail::Box::new(access)|Mail::Box/"Constructors">).

=back

=head1 SEE ALSO

This module is part of Mail-Box-IMAP4 distribution version 3.007,
built on June 13, 2019. Website: F<http://perl.overmeer.net/CPAN/>

=head1 LICENSE

Copyrights 2001-2019 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.
See F<http://dev.perl.org/licenses/>