NAME

DBIx::Class::BatchUpdate - Update batches of DBIC rows with as few queries as possible

SYNOPSIS

    # In your result class, e.g. MySchema::ResultSet::Book
    __PACKAGE__->load_components("BatchUpdate");


    # In your code, update loads of row objects and keep track of them
    $book_row1->is_out_of_print(1);
    $book_row2->is_out_of_print(1);
    $book_row3->is_out_of_print(1);
    $book_row3->price(42);
    my $book_rows = [ $book_row1, $book_row2, $book_row3 ];

    # Batch update all rows in as few UPDATE statements as possible
    $schema->resultset("Book")->batch_update($book_rows);

    # SQL queries
    # 1 UPDATE for all the rows with is_out_of_print: 1
    # 1 UPDATE for all the rows with is_out_of_print: 1, price: 42


    # Alternatively, create your own BatchUpdate::Update object:
    use DBIx::Class::BatchUpdate::Update;

    DBIx::Class::BatchUpdate::Update->new({
        rows => $rows,
    })->update();

DESCRIPTION

This module is for when you have loads of DBIC rows to update as part of some large scale processing, and you want to avoid making individual calls to $row->update for each of them. If the number of dirty rows is large, the many round-trips to the database will be quite time consuming.

So instead of calling $row->update you collect all the dirty row objects (of the same Result class) for later and then let DBIx::Class::BatchUpdate update the database with as few queries as possible.

This means that if the same columns have been set to the same value in all the rows, this will be done in a single query. The more different combinations of columns and values there are in rows, the more queries are required.

USAGE

As a DBIC component

    # In your result class, e.g. MySchema::ResultSet::Book
    __PACKAGE__->load_components("BatchUpdate");

Adding the DBIC component to a ResultSet class enables you to call ->batch_update on the resultset.

It is even more useful to put this in your base class for all the ResultSet classes, so it's available for all resultsets.

$resultset->batch_update($rows)

Make UPDATE queries on the $resultset to update all the dirty columns in the arrayref $rows.

Make the fewest number of queries given the different values to update.

The $rows must all be of the same ResultSet class as $resultset. $rows may well be an empty arrayref. All the $rows must already exist in the database and have an ->id.

As a regular module

$batch_update->update($rows)

Example:

    use DBIx::Class::BatchUpdate::Update;
    DBIx::Class::BatchUpdate::Update->new({ rows => $rows })->update();

This is functionally the same as the above.

Note that all $rows must be of the same Result class.

DEVELOPMENT

Author

Johan Lindstrom, <johanl [AT] cpan.org>

Contributors

Source code

https://github.com/jplindstrom/p5-DBIx-Class-BatchUpdate

Bug reports

Please report any bugs or feature requests on GitHub:

https://github.com/jplindstrom/p5-DBIx-Class-BatchUpdate/issues.

Caveats

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2016- Broadbean Technologies, All Rights Reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Broadbean for providing time to open source this during one of the regular Hack-days.