# EventLog.pm
# Creates an object oriented interface to the Windows NT Evenlog
# Written by Jesse Dougherty

package Win32::EventLog;

use strict;
use vars qw($VERSION $AUTOLOAD @ISA @EXPORT $GetMessageText);
$VERSION = '0.077';

require Exporter;
require DynaLoader;

die "The Win32::Eventlog module works only on Windows NT"
	unless Win32::IsWinNT();

@ISA= qw(Exporter DynaLoader);
@EXPORT = qw(


    ($constname = $AUTOLOAD) =~ s/.*:://;
    # reset $! to zero to reset any current errors.
    local $! = 0;
    my $val = constant($constname, @_ ? $_[0] : 0);
    if ($!) {
	if ($! =~ /Invalid/) {
	    $AutoLoader::AUTOLOAD = $AUTOLOAD;
	    goto &AutoLoader::AUTOLOAD;
	else {
	    my ($pack,$file,$line) = caller;
	    die "Unknown Win32::EventLog macro $constname, at $file line $line.\n";
    eval "sub $AUTOLOAD { $val }";
    goto &$AUTOLOAD;

# new()
#   Win32::EventLog->new("source name", "ServerName");
sub new {
    die "usage: PACKAGE->new(SOURCENAME[, SERVERNAME])\n" unless @_ > 1;
    my ($class,$source,$server) = @_;
    my $handle;

    # Create new handle
    if ($source !~ /\\/) {
	OpenEventLog($handle, $server, $source);
    else {
	OpenBackupEventLog($handle, $server, $source);
    return bless {handle   => $handle,
                  Source   => $source,
                  Computer => $server} => $class;

sub DESTROY {shift->Close}

# Open (the rather brain dead old way)
# A variable initialized to empty must be supplied as the first
# arg, followed by whatever new() takes
sub Open {
    $_[0] = Win32::EventLog->new($_[1],$_[2]);

sub OpenBackup {
    my ($class,$source,$server) = @_;
    OpenBackupEventLog(my $handle, $server, $source);
    return bless {handle   => $handle,
		  Source   => $source,
		  Computer => $server} => $class;

sub Backup {
    die " usage: OBJECT->Backup(FILENAME)\n" unless @_ == 2;
    my ($self,$file) = @_;
    return BackupEventLog($self->{handle}, $file);

sub Close {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{handle} = 0;

# Read
# Note: the EventInfo argument requires a hash reference.
sub Read {
    my $self = shift;

    die "usage: OBJECT->Read(FLAGS, RECORDOFFSET, HASHREF)\n" unless @_ == 3;

    my ($readflags,$recordoffset) = @_;
    # The following is stolen shamelessly from Wyt's tests for the registry.
    my $result = ReadEventLog($self->{handle}, $readflags, $recordoffset,
			      my $header, my $source, my $computer, my $sid,
			      my $data, my $strings);
    my ($length,
	$dataoffset) = unpack('l6s4l6', $header);

    # make a hash out of the values returned from ReadEventLog.
    my %h = ( Source              => $source,
              Computer            => $computer,
              Length              => $datalength,
              Category            => $eventcategory,
              RecordNumber        => $recordnumber,
              TimeGenerated       => $timegenerated,
              Timewritten         => $timewritten,
              EventID             => $eventid,
              EventType           => $eventtype,
              ClosingRecordNumber => $closingrecordnumber,
              User                => $sid,
              Strings             => $strings,
              Data                => $data,

    # get the text message here
    if ($result and $GetMessageText) {
	GetEventLogText($source, $eventid, $strings, $numstrings, my $message);
	$h{Message} = $message;

    if (ref($_[2]) eq 'HASH') {
	%{$_[2]} = %h;		# this needed for Read(...,\%foo) case
    else {
	$_[2] = \%h;
    return $result;

sub GetMessageText {
    my $self = shift;
    local $^W;
		    $self->{Strings} =~ tr/\0/\0/,
		    my $message);

    $self->{Message} = $message;
    return $message;

sub Report {
    die "usage: OBJECT->Report( HASHREF )\n" unless @_ == 2;
    my ($self,$EventInfo) = @_;

    die "Win32::EventLog::Report requires a hash reference as arg 2\n"
	unless ref($EventInfo) eq "HASH";

    my $computer = $EventInfo->{Computer} ? $EventInfo->{Computer}
                                          : $self->{Computer};
    my $source   = exists($EventInfo->{Source}) ? $EventInfo->{Source}
                                                : $self->{Source};

    return WriteEventLog($computer, $source, $EventInfo->{EventType},
			 $EventInfo->{Category}, $EventInfo->{EventID}, 0,
			 $EventInfo->{Data}, split(/\0/, $EventInfo->{Strings}));


sub GetOldest {
    my $self = shift;
    die "usage: OBJECT->GetOldest( SCALAREF )\n" unless @_ == 1;
    return GetOldestEventLogRecord($self->{handle},$_[0]);

sub GetNumber {
    my $self = shift;
    die "usage: OBJECT->GetNumber( SCALARREF )\n" unless @_ == 1;
    return GetNumberOfEventLogRecords($self->{handle}, $_[0]);

sub Clear {
    my ($self,$file) = @_;
    die "usage: OBJECT->Clear( FILENAME )\n" unless @_ == 2;
    return ClearEventLog($self->{handle}, $file);

bootstrap Win32::EventLog;


=head1 NAME

Win32::EventLog - Process Win32 Event Logs from Perl


	use Win32::EventLog


This module implements most of the functionality available from the
Win32 API for accessing and manipulating Win32 Event Logs. The access
to the EventLog routines is divided into those that relate to an
EventLog object and its associated methods and those that relate other
EventLog tasks (like adding an EventLog record).

=head1 The EventLog Object and its Methods

The following methods are available to open, read, close and backup

=over 4

=item Win32::EventLog->new(SOURCENAME [,SERVERNAME]);

The new() method creates a new EventLog object and returns a handle
to it. This handle is then used to call the methods below.

The method is overloaded in that if the supplied SOURCENAME
argument contains one or more literal '\' characters (an illegal
character in a SOURCENAME), it assumes that you are trying to open
a backup eventlog and uses SOURCENAME as the backup eventlog to
open. Note that when opening a backup eventlog, the SERVERNAME
argument is ignored (as it is in the underlying Win32 API). For
EventLogs on remote machines, the SOURCENAME parameter must
therefore be specified as a UNC path.

=item $handle->Backup(FILENAME);

The Backup() method backs up the EventLog represented by $handle. It
takes a single argument, FILENAME. When $handle represents an
EventLog on a remote machine, FILENAME is filename on the remote
machine and cannot be a UNC path (i.e you must use F<C:\TEMP\App.EVT>).
The method will fail if the log file already exists.

=item $handle->Read(FLAGS, OFFSET, HASHREF);

The Read() method read an EventLog entry from the EventLog represented
by $handle.

=item $handle->Close();

The Close() method closes the EventLog represented by $handle. After
Close() has been called, any further attempt to use the EventLog
represented by $handle will fail.

=item $handle->GetOldest(SCALARREF);

The GetOldest() method returns the number of the oldest EventLog record
in the EventLog represented by $handle. This is required to correctly
compute the OFFSET required by the Read() method.

=item $handle->GetNumber(SCALARREF);

The GetNumber() method returns the number of EventLog records in
the EventLog represented by $handle. The number of the most recent
record in the EventLog is therefore computed by


=item $handle->Clear(FILENAME);

The Clear() method clears the EventLog represented by $handle.  If
you provide a non-null FILENAME, the EventLog will be backed up
into FILENAME before the EventLog is cleared. The method will fail
if FILENAME is specified and the file referred to exists. Note also
that FILENAME specifies a file local to the machine on which the
EventLog resides and cannot be specified as a UNC name.

=item $handle->Report(HASHREF);

The Report() method generates an EventLog entry. The HASHREF should
contain the following keys:

=over 4

=item C<Computer>

The C<Computer> field specifies which computer you want the EventLog
entry recorded.  If this key doesn't exist, the server name used to
create the $handle is used.

=item C<Source>

The C<Source> field specifies the source that generated the EventLog
entry.  If this key doesn't exist, the source name used to create the
$handle is used.

=item C<EventType>

The C<EventType> field should be one of the constants

=over 4


An Error event is being logged.


A Warning event is being logged.


An Information event is being logged.


A Success Audit event is being logged (typically in the Security


A Failure Audit event is being logged (typically in the Security


These constants are exported into the main namespace by default.

=item C<Category>

The C<Category> field can have any value you want. It is specific to
the particular Source.

=item C<EventID>

The C<EventID> field should contain the ID of the message that this
event pertains too. This assumes that you have an associated message
file (indirectly referenced by the field C<Source>).

=item C<Data>

The C<Data> field contains raw data associated with this event.

=item C<Strings>

The C<Strings> field contains the single string that itself contains
NUL terminated sub-strings. This are used with the EventID to generate
the message as seen from (for example) the Event Viewer application.



=head1 Other Win32::EventLog functions.

The following functions are part of the Win32::EventLog package but
are not callable from an EventLog object.

=over 4

=item GetMessageText(HASHREF);

The GetMessageText() function assumes that HASHREF was obtained by
a call to C<$handle-E<gt>Read()>. It returns the formatted string that
represents the fully resolved text of the EventLog message (such as
would be seen in the Windows NT Event Viewer). For convenience, the
key 'Message' in the supplied HASHREF is also set to the return value
of this function.

If you set the variable $Win32::EventLog::GetMessageText to 1 then
each call to C<$handle-E<gt>Read()> will call this function automatically.


=head1 Example 1

The following example illustrates the way in which the EventLog module
can be used. It opens the System EventLog and reads through it from
oldest to newest records. For each record from the B<Source> EventLog
it extracts the full text of the Entry and prints the EventLog message
text out.

 use Win32::EventLog;

 $handle=Win32::EventLog->new("System", $ENV{ComputerName})
 	or die "Can't open Application EventLog\n";
 	or die "Can't get number of EventLog records\n";
 	or die "Can't get number of oldest EventLog record\n";

 while ($x < $recs) {
 		or die "Can't read EventLog entry #$x\n";
 	if ($hashRef->{Source} eq "EventLog") {
 		print "Entry $x: $hashRef->{Message}\n";

=head1 Example 2

To backup and clear the EventLogs on a remote machine, do the following :-

 use Win32::EventLog;

 $myServer="\\\\my-server";	# your servername here.
 my($date)=join("-", ((split(/\s+/, scalar(localtime)))[0,1,2,4]));

 for my $eventLog ("Application", "System", "Security") {
 	$handle=Win32::EventLog->new($eventLog, $myServer)
 		or die "Can't open Application EventLog on $myServer\n";

		or warn "Could not backup and clear the $eventLog EventLog on $myServer ($^E)\n";


Note that only the Clear method is required. Note also that if the
file $dest exists, the function will fail.

=head1 BUGS

None currently known.

The test script for 'make test' should be re-written to use the
EventLog object.

=head1 AUTHOR

Original code by Jesse Dougherty for HiP Communications. Additional
fixes and updates attributed to Martin Pauley
<martin.pauley@ulsterbank.ltd.uk>) and Bret Giddings (bret@essex.ac.uk).