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NAME
    Mojo::MySQL5 - Pure-Perl non-blocking I/O MySQL Connector

SYNOPSIS
      use Mojo::MySQL5;

      # Create a table
      my $mysql = Mojo::MySQL5->new('mysql://username@/test');
      $mysql->db->query(
        'create table names (id integer auto_increment primary key, name text)');

      # Insert a few rows
      my $db = $mysql->db;
      $db->query('insert into names (name) values (?)', 'Sara');
      $db->query('insert into names (name) values (?)', 'Stefan');

      # Insert more rows in a transaction
      {
        my $tx = $db->begin;
        $db->query('insert into names (name) values (?)', 'Baerbel');
        $db->query('insert into names (name) values (?)', 'Wolfgang');
        $tx->commit;
      };

      # Insert another row and return the generated id
      say $db->query('insert into names (name) values (?)', 'Daniel')
        ->last_insert_id;

      # Select one row at a time
      my $results = $db->query('select * from names');
      while (my $next = $results->hash) {
        say $next->{name};
      }

      # Select all rows blocking
      $db->query('select * from names')
        ->hashes->map(sub { $_->{name} })->join("\n")->say;

      # Select all rows non-blocking
      Mojo::IOLoop->delay(
        sub {
          my $delay = shift;
          $db->query('select * from names' => $delay->begin);
        },
        sub {
          my ($delay, $err, $results) = @_;
          $results->hashes->map(sub { $_->{name} })->join("\n")->say;
        }
      )->wait;

      # Send and receive notifications non-blocking
      $mysql->pubsub->listen(foo => sub {
        my ($pubsub, $payload) = @_;
        say "foo: $payload";
        $pubsub->notify(bar => $payload);
      });
      $mysql->pubsub->listen(bar => sub {
        my ($pubsub, $payload) = @_;
        say "bar: $payload";
      });
      $mysql->pubsub->notify(foo => 'MySQL rocks!');

      Mojo::IOLoop->start unless Mojo::IOLoop->is_running;

DESCRIPTION
    Mojo::MySQL5 makes MySQL <http://www.mysql.org> a lot of fun to use with
    the Mojolicious <http://mojolicio.us> real-time web framework.

    Database handles are cached automatically, so they can be reused
    transparently to increase performance. And you can handle connection
    timeouts gracefully by holding on to them only for short amounts of
    time.

      use Mojolicious::Lite;
      use Mojo::MySQL5;

      helper mysql =>
        sub { state $mysql = Mojo::MySQL5->new('mysql://sri:s3cret@localhost/db') };

      get '/' => sub {
        my $c  = shift;
        my $db = $c->mysql->db;
        $c->render(json => $db->query('select now() as time')->hash);
      };

      app->start;

    Every database connection can only handle one active query at a time,
    this includes asynchronous ones. So if you start more than one, they
    will be put on a waiting list and performed sequentially. To perform
    multiple queries concurrently, you have to use multiple connections.

      # Performed sequentially (10 seconds)
      my $db = $mysql->db;
      $db->query('select sleep(5)' => sub {...});
      $db->query('select sleep(5)' => sub {...});
 
      # Performed concurrently (5 seconds)
      $mysql->db->query('select sleep(5)' => sub {...});
      $mysql->db->query('select sleep(5)' => sub {...});

    All cached database handles will be reset automatically if a new process
    has been forked, this allows multiple processes to share the same
    Mojo::MySQL5 object safely.

    Note that this whole distribution is EXPERIMENTAL and will change
    without warning!

EVENTS
    Mojo::MySQL5 inherits all events from Mojo::EventEmitter and can emit
    the following new ones.

  connection
      $mysql->on(connection => sub {
        my ($mysql, $db) = @_;
        ...
      });

    Emitted when a new database connection has been established.

ATTRIBUTES
    Mojo::MySQL5 implements the following attributes.

  max_connections
      my $max = $mysql->max_connections;
      $mysql  = $mysql->max_connections(3);

    Maximum number of idle database handles to cache for future use,
    defaults to 5.

  migrations
      my $migrations = $mysql->migrations;
      $mysql         = $mysql->migrations(Mojo::MySQL5::Migrations->new);

    Mojo::MySQL5::Migrations object you can use to change your database
    schema more easily.

      # Load migrations from file and migrate to latest version
      $mysql->migrations->from_file('/home/sri/migrations.sql')->migrate;

    MySQL does not support nested transactions and DDL transactions. DDL
    statements cause implicit "COMMIT". "ROLLBACK" will be called if any
    step of migration script fails, but only DML statements after the last
    implicit or explicit "COMMIT" can be reverted. Not all MySQL storage
    engines (like "MYISAM") support transactions.

    This means database will most likely be left in unknown state if
    migration script fails. Use this feature with caution and remember to
    always backup your database.

  pubsub
      my $pubsub = $mysql->pubsub;
      $mysql     = $mysql->pubsub(Mojo::MySQL5::PubSub->new);

    Mojo::MySQL5::PubSub object you can use to send and receive
    notifications very efficiently, by sharing a single database connection
    with many consumers.

      # Subscribe to a channel
      $mysql->pubsub->listen(news => sub {
        my ($pubsub, $payload) = @_;
        say "Received: $payload";
      });

      # Notify a channel
      $mysql->pubsub->notify(news => 'MySQL rocks!');

  url
      my $url = $mysql->url;
      $url  = $mysql->url(
        Mojo::MySQL5::URL->new('mysql://user@host/test?connect_timeout=0'));

    Connection URL.

  options
    Use url->options.

    See Mojo::MySQL5::Connection for list of supported options.

  password
    Use url->password.

  username
    Use url->username.

METHODS
    Mojo::MySQL5 inherits all methods from Mojo::EventEmitter and implements
    the following new ones.

  db
      my $db = $mysql->db;

    Get Mojo::MySQL5::Database object for a cached or newly created database
    handle. The database handle will be automatically cached again when that
    object is destroyed, so you can handle connection timeouts gracefully by
    holding on to it only for short amounts of time.

      # Add up all the money
      say $mysql->db->query('select * from accounts')
        ->hashes->reduce(sub { $a->{money} + $b->{money} });

  from_string
      $mysql = $mysql->from_string('mysql://user@/test');

    Parse configuration from connection string.

      # Just a database
      $mysql->from_string('mysql:///db1');

      # Username and database
      $mysql->from_string('mysql://batman@/db2');

      # Username, password, host and database
      $mysql->from_string('mysql://batman:s3cret@localhost/db3');

      # Username, domain socket and database
      $mysql->from_string('mysql://batman@%2ftmp%2fmysql.sock/db4');

      # Username, database and additional options
      $mysql->from_string('mysql://batman@/db5?PrintError=1');

  new
      my $mysql = Mojo::MySQL5->new;
      my $mysql = Mojo::MySQL5->new('mysql://user:s3cret@host:port/database');
      my $mysql = Mojo::MySQL5->new(
        url => Mojo::MySQL5::URL->new(
          host => 'localhost',
          port => 3306,
          username => 'user',
          password => 's3cret',
          options => { utf8 => 1, found_rows => 1 }
        )
      );

    Construct a new Mojo::MySQL5 object and parse connection string with
    "from_string" if necessary.

REFERENCE
    This is the class hierarchy of the Mojo::MySQL5 distribution.

    * Mojo::MySQL5

    * Mojo::MySQL5::Connection

    * Mojo::MySQL5::Database

    * Mojo::MySQL5::Migrations

    * Mojo::MySQL5::PubSub

    * Mojo::MySQL5::Results

    * Mojo::MySQL5::Transaction

    * Mojo::MySQL5::URL

AUTHOR
    Jan Henning Thorsen, "jhthorsen@cpan.org".

    Svetoslav Naydenov, "harryl@cpan.org".

    A lot of code in this module is taken from Sebastian Riedel's Mojo::Pg.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
    Copyright (C) 2015, Svetoslav Naydenov.

    This program is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.

SEE ALSO
    <https://github.com/harry-bix/mojo-mysql5>,

    Mojo::Pg Async Connector for PostgreSQL using DBD::Pg,
    <https://github.com/kraih/mojo-pg>,

    Mojo::mysql Async Connector for MySQL using DBD::mysql,
    <https://github.com/jhthorsen/mojo-mysql>,

    Mojolicious::Guides, <http://mojolicio.us>.