=head1 NAME

Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::09_AdvancedCRUD::09_FormHandler - Catalyst Tutorial - Chapter 9: Advanced CRUD - FormHandler

=head1 OVERVIEW

This is B<Chapter 9 of 10> for the Catalyst tutorial.

L<Tutorial Overview|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial>

=over 4

=item 1

L<Introduction|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::01_Intro>

=item 2

L<Catalyst Basics|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::02_CatalystBasics>

=item 3

L<More Catalyst Basics|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::03_MoreCatalystBasics>

=item 4

L<Basic CRUD|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::04_BasicCRUD>

=item 5

L<Authentication|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::05_Authentication>

=item 6

L<Authorization|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::06_Authorization>

=item 7

L<Debugging|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::07_Debugging>

=item 8

L<Testing|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::08_Testing>

=item 9

B<09_Advanced CRUD::09_FormHandler>

=item 10

L<Appendices|Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::10_Appendices>

=back


=head1 DESCRIPTION

This portion of the tutorial explores
L<HTML::FormHandler> and how it can be used to manage
forms, perform validation of form input, and save and restore data
to or from the database. This was written using HTML::FormHandler version
0.28001.

See
L<Catalyst::Manual::Tutorial::09_AdvancedCRUD>
for additional form management options other than
L<HTML::FormHandler>.


=head1 Install HTML::FormHandler


Use the following command to install L<HTML::FormHandler::Model::DBIC> directly
from CPAN:

    sudo cpan HTML::FormHandler::Model::DBIC

It will install L<HTML::FormHandler> as a prerequisite.

Also, add:

    requires 'HTML::FormHandler::Model::DBIC';

to your F<Makefile.PL>.

=head1 HTML::FormHandler FORM CREATION

This section looks at how L<HTML::FormHandler> can be used to
add additional functionality to the manually created form from Chapter 4.


=head2 Using FormHandler in your controllers

FormHandler doesn't have a Catalyst base controller, because interfacing
to a form is only a couple of lines of code.

=head2 Create a Book Form

Create the directory F<lib/MyApp/Form>. Create F<lib/MyApp/Form/Book.pm>:

    package MyApp::Form::Book;

    use HTML::FormHandler::Moose;
    extends 'HTML::FormHandler::Model::DBIC';
    use namespace::autoclean;

    has '+item_class' => ( default =>'Books' );
    has_field 'title';
    has_field 'rating' => ( type => 'Integer' );
    has_field 'authors' => ( type => 'Multiple', label_column => 'last_name' );
    has_field 'submit' => ( type => 'Submit', value => 'Submit' );

    __PACKAGE__->meta->make_immutable;
    1;


=head2 Add Action to Display and Save the Form

At the top of the F<lib/MyApp/Controller/Books.pm> add:

   use MyApp::Form::Book;

Add the following methods:

    =head2 create

    Use HTML::FormHandler to create a new book

    =cut

    sub create : Chained('base') PathPart('create') Args(0) {
        my ($self, $c ) = @_;

        my $book = $c->model('DB::Book')->new_result({});
        return $self->form($c, $book);
    }

    =head2 form

    Process the FormHandler book form

    =cut

    sub form {
        my ( $self, $c, $book ) = @_;

        my $form = MyApp::Form::Book->new;
        # Set the template
        $c->stash( template => 'books/form.tt2', form => $form );
        $form->process( item => $book, params => $c->req->params );
        return unless $form->validated;
        # Set a status message for the user & return to books list
        $c->response->redirect($c->uri_for($self->action_for('list'),
            {mid => $c->set_status_msg("Book created")}));
    }

These two methods could be combined at this point, but we'll use the 'form'
method later when we implement 'edit'.


=head2 Create a Template Page To Display The Form

Open F<root/src/books/form.tt2> in your editor and enter the following:

    [% META title = 'Create/Update Book' %]

    [%# Render the HTML::FormHandler Form %]
    [% form.render %]

    <p><a href="[% c.uri_for(c.controller.action_for('list')) %]">Return to book list</a></p>


=head2 Add Link for Create

Open F<root/src/books/list.tt2> in your editor and add the following to
the bottom of the existing file:

    ...
    <p>
        HTML::FormHandler:
        <a href="[% c.uri_for(c.controller.action_for('create')) %]">Create</a>
    </p>

This adds a new link to the bottom of the book list page that we can
use to easily launch our HTML::FormHandler-based form.


=head2 Test The HTML::FormHandler Create Form

Press C<Ctrl-C> to kill the previous server instance (if it's still
running) and restart it:

    $ script/myapp_server.pl

Login as C<test01> (password: mypass).  Once at the Book List page,
click the new HTML::Formhandler "Create" link at the bottom to display the
form.  Fill in the following values:

    Title  = "Internetworking with TCP/IP Vol. II"
    Rating = "4"
    Author = "Comer"

Click the Submit button, and you will be returned to the Book List page
with a "Book created" status message displayed.

Note that because the 'Author' column is a Select list, only the authors
in the database can be entered. The 'ratings' field will only accept
integers.


=head2 Add Constraints

Open F<lib/MyApp/Form/Book.pm> in your editor.

Restrict the title size and make it required:

   has_field 'title' => ( minlength => 5, maxlength => 40, required => 1 );

Add range constraints to the 'rating' field:

   has_field 'rating' => ( type => 'Integer', range_start => 1, range_end => 5 );

The 'authors' relationship is a 'many-to-many' pseudo-relation, so this field
can be set to Multiple to allow the selection of multiple authors; also, make it
required:

   has_field 'authors' => ( type => 'Multiple', label_column => 'last_name',
                            required => 1 );

Note: FormHandler automatically strips whitespace at the beginning and
end of fields. If you want some other kind of stripping (or none) you
can specify it explicitly; see L<HTML::FormHandler::Manual>.

=head2 Try Out the Updated Form

Press C<Ctrl-C> to kill the previous server instance (if it's still
running) and restart it:

    $ script/myapp_server.pl

Make sure you are still logged in as C<test01> and try adding a book
with various errors: title less than 5 characters, non-numeric rating, a
rating of 0 or 6, etc.  Also try selecting one, two, and zero authors.

=head2 Create the 'edit' method

Edit F<lib/MyApp/Controller/Books.pm> and add the following method:


    =head2 edit

    Edit an existing book with  FormHandler

    =cut

    sub edit : Chained('object') PathPart('edit') Args(0) {
        my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

        return $self->form($c, $c->stash->{object});
    }

Update the F<root/src/books/list.tt2>, adding an 'edit' link below the
"Delete" link to use the FormHandler edit method:

    <td>
        [% # Add a link to delete a book %]
        <a href="[% c.uri_for(c.controller.action_for('delete'), [book.id]) %]">Delete</a>
        [% # Add a link to edit a book %]
        <a href="[% c.uri_for(c.controller.action_for('edit'), [book.id]) %]">Edit</a>
    </td>


=head2 Try Out the Edit/Update Feature

Press C<Ctrl-C> to kill the previous server instance (if it's still
running) and restart it:

    $ script/myapp_server.pl

Make sure you are still logged in as C<test01> and go to the
L<http://localhost:3000/books/list> URL in your browser.  Click the
"Edit" link next to "Internetworking with TCP/IP Vol. II", change the
rating to a 3, the "II" at end of the title to the number "2", add
Stevens as a co-author (control-click), and click Submit.  You will then
be returned to the book list with a "Book edited" message at the top in
green.  Experiment with other edits to various books.

=head2 See additional documentation on FormHandler

L<HTML::FormHandler::Manual>

L<HTML::FormHandler>

   #formhandler on irc.perl.org

   mailing list: http://groups.google.com/group/formhandler

   code: http://github.com/gshank/html-formhandler/tree/master

=head1 AUTHOR

Gerda Shank, C<gshank@cpan.org>

Copyright 2009, Gerda Shank, Perl Artistic License