=head1 NAME

Catalyst::Manual::CatalystAndMoose - How Catalyst 5.8+ and Moose relate

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Since version 5.8, the core of Catalyst is based on L<Moose>. Although
the developers went through great lengths to allow for a seamless
transition, there are still a few things to keep in mind when trying
to exploit the power of L<Moose> in your Catalyst application.

This document provides you with a short overview of common caveats and
best practices for using L<Moose>-based classes within Catalyst.

=head1 THE CONTEXT CLASS

A Moose-ified version of the context class should look like this:

    package MyApp;
    use Moose;
    use namespace::autoclean;
    use Catalyst (
        # your roles and plugins
    );
    extends 'Catalyst';

    # If you want to use method modifiers to adjust the setup process, (e.g. setup_finalize)
    # they must be here, before the call to setup (advanced users only)

    $app->config( name => 'MyApp' );
    $app->setup;

    # method modifiers generally must be created after setup because otherwise they will
    # conflict with plugin overrides

    after 'finalize' => sub {
        my $c = shift;
        $c->log->info( 'done!' );
    }

You should also be aware that roles in C<< $c->setup >> are applied
after the last plugin with all the benefits of using a single
L<with()|Moose/"with (@roles)"> statement in an ordinary L<Moose> class.

Your class is automatically made immutable at the end of the current file.

CAVEAT: Using roles in C<< $c->setup >> was implemented in Catalyst
version 5.80004. In prior versions you might get away with

    after 'setup_plugins' => sub{ with(
        # your roles
    )};

    $app->setup(
        # your plugins
    );

but this is discouraged and you should upgrade to 5.80004 anyway,
because it fixes a few important regressions against 5.71

CAVEAT: Using roles in C<< $c->setup >> will not currently allow
you to pass parameters to roles, or perform conflict resolution.
Conflict detection still works as expected.

=head2 ACCESSORS

Most of the request-specific attributes like C<< $c->stash >>,
C<< $c->request >> and C<< $c->response >> have been converted to
L<Moose> attributes but without type constraints, attribute helpers or
builder methods. This ensures that Catalyst 5.8 is fully backwards
compatible to applications using the published API of Catalyst 5.7 but
slightly limits the gains that could be had by wielding the full power
of L<Moose> attributes.

Most of the accessors to information gathered during compile time (such
as configuration) are managed by L<Catalyst::ClassData>, which is a
L<Moose>-aware version of L<Class::Data::Inheritable> but not compatible
with L<MooseX::ClassAttribute>.

=head2 ROLES AND METHOD MODIFIERS

Since the release of Catalyst version 5.8, the only reason for creating
a Catalyst extension as a plugin is to provide backward compatibility
to applications still using version 5.7.

If backward compatibility is of no concern to you, you could as easily
rewrite your plugins as roles and enjoy all the benefits of automatic
method re-dispatching of C<< before >> and C<< after >> method
modifiers, naming conflict detection and generally cleaner code.

=head3 NOTE

Plugins and roles should never use

    after 'setup' => sub { ... } # wrong

(or any other method of hooking the setup method) but rely on

    after 'setup_finalize' => sub { ... } # this will work

to run their own setup code if needed. If they need to influence the
setup process itself, they can modify C<< setup_dispatcher() >>,
C<< setup_engine() >>, C<< setup_stats() >>, C<< setup_components() >>
and C<< setup_actions() >>, but this should be done with due
consideration and as late as possible.

=head1 CONTROLLERS

To activate Catalyst's action attributes, Moose-ified controller
classes need to extend L<Catalyst::Controller> at compile time, before
the actions themselves are declared:

      package Catalyst::Controller::Root;
      use Moose;
      use namespace::autoclean;

      BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller'; }

=head2 Controller Roles

It is possible to use roles to apply method modifiers on controller actions
from 5.80003 onwards, or use modifiers in your controller classes
themselves. For example

    package MyApp::Controller::Foo;
    use Moose;
    use namespace::autoclean;
    BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller' };

    sub foo : Local {
        my ($self, $c) = @_;
        $c->res->body('Hello ');
    }
    after foo => sub {
        my ($self, $c) = @_;
        $c->res->body($c->res->body . 'World');
    };

It is possible to have action methods with attributes inside Moose roles, using
L<MooseX::MethodAttributes>, example:

    package MyApp::ControllerRole;
    use MooseX::MethodAttributes::Role;
    use namespace::autoclean;

    sub foo : Local {
        my ($self, $c) = @_;
        ...
    }

    package MyApp::Controller::Foo;
    use Moose;
    use namespace::autoclean;
    BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller' };

    with 'MyApp::ControllerRole';

=head1 AUTHORS

Catalyst Contributors, see Catalyst.pm

=head1 COPYRIGHT

This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as Perl itself.

=cut