Search::Elasticsearch::Async - Async API for Elasticsearch using

    version 7.717

        use Search::Elasticsearch::Async;
        use Promises backend => ['AnyEvent'];

        # Connect to localhost:9200:

        my $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new();

        # Round-robin between two nodes:

        my $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            nodes => [

        # Connect to cluster at search1:9200, sniff all nodes and round-robin between them:

        my $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            nodes    => 'search1:9200',
            cxn_pool => 'Async::Sniff'

        # Index a document:

            index   => 'my_app',
            type    => 'blog_post',
            id      => 1,
            body    => {
                title   => 'Elasticsearch clients',
                content => 'Interesting content...',
                date    => '2013-09-24'
        )->then( sub { my $result = shift; do_something($result) } );

        # Get the document:

        my $doc;
            index   => 'my_app',
            type    => 'blog_post',
            id      => 1
        )->then( sub { $doc = shift });

        # Search:

        my $results;
            index => 'my_app',
            body  => {
                query => {
                    match => { title => 'elasticsearch' }
        )->then( sub { $results = shift });

        # Cluster requests:

        $e->cluster->info      ->then( sub { do_something(@_) });
        $e->cluster->health    ->then( sub { do_something(@_) });
        $e->cluster->node_stats->then( sub { do_something(@_) });

        # Index requests:

        $e->indices->create(index=>'my_index')->then( sub { do_something(@_) });
        $e->indices->delete(index=>'my_index')->then( sub { do_something(@_) });

    Search::Elasticsearch::Async is the official asynchronous Perl client
    for Elasticsearch, supported by <>.
    Elasticsearch itself is a flexible and powerful open source, distributed
    real-time search and analytics engine for the cloud. You can read more
    about it on <>.

    This module uses Promises to provide a sane async interface, making your
    async code look more like synchronous code. It can be used with
    Mojolicious or with any of the event loops supported by AnyEvent.

    Search::Elasticsearch::Async builds on Search::Elasticsearch, which you
    should see for the main documentation.

    This version of the async client supports the Elasticsearch 5.0 branch,
    which is not backwards compatible with earlier branches.

    If you need to talk to a version of Elasticsearch before 5.0.0, please
    install one of the following packages:

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Async

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::1_0::Async

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::0_90::Async

    First, go and read Promises::Cookbook::GentleIntro, which tells you
    everything you need to know about working with Promises. Using them with
    Search::Elasticsearch::Async is easy:

  Choose a Promises backend
    The Promises module does not use an event loop by default. You need to
    specify the one to use at the start of your application. Typically, you
    will be using the EV event loop (which both AnyEvent and Mojo prefer),
    in which case you need:

        use Promises backend => ['EV'];

    Otherwise you can specify the "Mojo" or "AnyEvent" backends.

  Instantiate the client
        use Search::Elasticsearch::Async;
        my $es = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new( %params );

    See "CREATING A NEW INSTANCE" for an explantion of %params.

  Make a request
        my $promise = $es->search;

    All requests to Elasticsearch return a Promise object, which is a value
    that will be resolved later on. You can call "then()" on the $promise to
    specify a success callback and an error callback:

            sub { my $result = shift; do_something() },  # success callback
            sub { my $error  = shift; warn $error    }   # error callback

    So far, so much like "CONDITION VARIABLES" in AnyEvent... but "then()"
    returns another $promise, which makes them chainable:

        $promise->then(sub  { print "Got a result"; return @_ })
                ->then(sub  { my $result = shift; something_async($result) })
                ->then(sub  { my $next_result = shift; ...etc...})
                ->catch(sub { warn "Something failed: @_"});

    See Promises::Cookbook::GentleIntro for a full explanation of what you
    can do with Promises.

  Start the event loop
    Async requests are run by the event loop, so no promises will be
    resolved or rejected until the event loop is started. In a fully async
    application, you would start the event loop once and just let it run
    until the application exits. For instance, here's a simple example which
    reads search keywords from STDIN, performs an async search and prints
    the results. This process is repeated until the application is
    interrupted with "Ctrl-C".:

        use v5.12;
        use AnyEvent;
        use Search::Elasticsearch::Async;

        # EV must be installed
        use Promises (backend => ['EV'], 'deferred');

        my $es = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new;


        say "Starting";

        # start the event loop

        sub main {
                ->then( \&do_search )
                ->then( \&print_results )

                # warn if either of the above steps throws an error
                ->catch( sub { warn "Something went wrong: @_"; } )

                # regardless of success or failure, run main() again
                ->finally( \&main );

        sub read_input {
            say "Enter search keywords:";

            # We wrap AnyEvent so that it returns a promise
            # which is resolved when we have read from STDIN
            my $d = deferred;

            my $w;
            $w = AnyEvent->io(
                fh   => \*STDIN,
                poll => 'r',
                cb   => sub {
                    chomp( my $input = <STDIN> );
                    undef $w;

                    # resolve the promise

            # return a promise
            return $d->promise;

        sub do_search {
            my $keywords = shift();
            # returns a promise
                index => 'myindex',
                body  => {
                    query => {
                        match => {
                            title => $keywords

        sub print_results {
            my $results = shift;
            my $total   = $results->{hits}{total};

            unless ($total) {
                say "No results found";

            say "$total results found";
            my $i = 1;
            for ( @{ $results->{hits}{hits} } ) {
                say $i++ . ': ' . $_->{_source}{title};

    The "new()" method returns a new client which can be used to run
    requests against the Elasticsearch cluster.

        use Search::Elasticsearch::Async;
        my $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new( %params );

    The most important arguments to "new()" are the following:

    The "nodes" parameter tells the client which Elasticsearch nodes it
    should talk to. It can be a single node, multiples nodes or, if not
    specified, will default to "localhost:9200":

        # default: localhost:9200
        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new();

        # single
        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new( nodes => 'search_1:9200');

        # multiple
        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            nodes => [

    Each "node" can be a URL including a scheme, host, port, path and
    userinfo (for authentication). For instance, this would be a valid node:

    See "node" in Search::Elasticsearch::Role::Cxn for more on node

    The CxnPool modules manage connections to nodes in the Elasticsearch
    cluster. They handle the load balancing between nodes and failover when
    nodes fail. Which "CxnPool" you should use depends on where your cluster
    is. There are three choices:

    *   "Async::Static"

            $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
                cxn_pool => 'Async::Static'     # default
                nodes    => [

        The Async::Static connection pool, which is the default, should be
        used when you don't have direct access to the Elasticsearch cluster,
        eg when you are accessing the cluster through a proxy. See
        Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Static for more.

    *   "Async::Sniff"

            $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
                cxn_pool => 'Async::Sniff',
                nodes    => [

        The Async::Sniff connection pool should be used when you do have
        direct access to the Elasticsearch cluster, eg when your web servers
        and Elasticsearch servers are on the same network. The nodes that
        you specify are used to *discover* the cluster, which is then
        *sniffed* to find the current list of live nodes that the cluster
        knows about. See Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Sniff.

    *   "Async::Static::NoPing"

            $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
                cxn_pool => 'Async::Static::NoPing'
                nodes    => [

        The Async::Static::NoPing connection pool should be used when your
        access to a remote cluster is so limited that you cannot ping
        individual nodes with a "HEAD /" request.

        See Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Static::NoPing for more.

    For debugging purposes, it is useful to be able to dump the actual HTTP
    requests which are sent to the cluster, and the response that is
    received. This can be enabled with the "trace_to" parameter, as follows:

        # To STDERR
        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            trace_to => 'Stderr'

        # To a file
        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            trace_to => ['File','/path/to/filename']

    Logging is handled by Log::Any. See
    Search::Elasticsearch::Logger::LogAny for more information.

    Other arguments are explained in the respective module docs.

    When you create a new instance of Search::Elasticsearch::Async, it
    returns a client object, which can be used for running requests.

        use Search::Elasticsearch::Async;
        my $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new( %params );

        # create an index
        $e->indices->create( index => 'my_index' )

        ->then(sub {

            # index a document
                index   => 'my_index',
                type    => 'blog_post',
                id      => 1,
                body    => {
                    title   => 'Elasticsearch clients',
                    content => 'Interesting content...',
                    date    => '2013-09-24'

    See Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Direct for more details about
    the requests that can be run.

    Each chunk of functionality is handled by a different module, which can
    be specified in the call to new() as shown in cxn_pool above. For
    instance, the following will use the
    Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Sniff module for the connection

        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            cxn_pool => 'Async::Sniff'

    Custom modules can be named with the appropriate prefix, eg
    "Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::", or by prefixing the full class name
    with "+":

        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            cxn_pool => '+My::Custom::CxnClass'

    The modules that you can override are specified with the following
    arguments to "new()":

    The class to use for the client functionality, which provides methods
    that can be called to execute requests, such as "search()", "index()" or
    "delete()". The client parses the user's requests and passes them to the
    "transport" class to be executed.

    The default version of the client is "6_0::Direct", which can be
    explicitly specified as follows:

        $e = Search::Elasticsearch::Async->new(
            client => '6_0::Direct'

    See :

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Direct (default, for 6.0 branch)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::5_0::Direct (for 5.0 branch)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::2_0::Direct (for 2.0 branch)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::1_0::Direct (for 1.0 branch)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Client::0_90::Direct (for 0.90 branch)

    The Transport class accepts a parsed request from the "client" class,
    fetches a "cxn" from its "cxn_pool" and tries to execute the request,
    retrying after failure where appropriate. See:

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Async::Transport

    The class which handles raw requests to Elasticsearch nodes. See:

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::AEHTTP (default)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::Mojo

    The class which the "cxn_pool" uses to create new "cxn" objects. See:

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::Factory

  "cxn_pool" (2)
    The class to use for the connection pool functionality. It calls the
    "cxn_factory" class to create new "cxn" objects when appropriate. See:

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Static (default)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Sniff

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Async::Static::NoPing

    The class to use for logging events and tracing HTTP requests/responses.

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Logger::LogAny

    The class to use for serializing request bodies and deserializing
    response bodies. See:

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON (default)

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON::Cpanel

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON::XS

    *   Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON::PP

    Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Async::Bulk and
    Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Async::Scroll are helper modules
    which assist with bulk indexing and scrolled searching, eg:

            index     => 'myindex',
            on_result => sub { my $doc = shift; do_something($doc) }
        )->then( sub { say "Done!" });

    This is a stable API but this implementation is new. Watch this space
    for new releases.

    If you have any suggestions for improvements, or find any bugs, please
    report them to
    <>. I will be
    notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your
    bug as I make changes.

    You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

        perldoc Search::Elasticsearch::Async

    You can also look for information at:

    *   GitHub


    *   CPAN Ratings


    *   Search MetaCPAN


    *   IRC

        The #elasticsearch <irc://> channel on

    *   Mailing list

        The main Elasticsearch mailing list <>.

    The full test suite requires a live Elasticsearch node to run, and
    should be run as :

        perl Makefile.PL
        ES=localhost:9200 make test


    Enrico Zimuel <>

    This software is Copyright (c) 2022 by Elasticsearch BV.

    This is free software, licensed under:

      The Apache License, Version 2.0, January 2004