package Web::Machine::Util;
# ABSTRACT: General Utility module

use strict;
use warnings;

our $VERSION = '0.17';

use Carp         qw[ confess ];
use Scalar::Util qw[ blessed ];
use List::Util   qw[ first ];

use HTTP::Headers::ActionPack 0.07;

use Sub::Exporter -setup => {
    exports => [qw[
        first
        pair_key
        pair_value
        bind_path
        create_date
        create_header
        inflate_headers
    ]]
};

sub pair_key   { ( keys   %{ $_[0] } )[0] }
sub pair_value { ( values %{ $_[0] } )[0] }

{
    my $ACTION_PACK = HTTP::Headers::ActionPack->new;
    sub create_header   { $ACTION_PACK->create( @_ ) }
    sub create_date     { $ACTION_PACK->create( 'DateHeader' => shift ) }
    sub inflate_headers { $ACTION_PACK->inflate( @_ ) }
    sub get_action_pack { $ACTION_PACK }
}

sub bind_path {
    my ($spec, $path) = @_;
    my @parts = grep { defined $_ && $_ ne q{} } split /\// => $path;
    my @spec  = grep { defined $_ && $_ ne q{} } split /\// => $spec;

    my @results;
    foreach my $i ( 0 .. $#spec ) {
        if ( $spec[ $i ] =~ /^\*$/ ) {
            push @results => @parts;
            @parts = ();
            last;
        }
        elsif ( $spec[ $i ] =~ /^\:/ ) {
            return unless defined $parts[ 0 ];
            push @results => shift @parts;
        }
        elsif ( $spec[ $i ] =~ /^\?\:/ ) {
            push @results => shift @parts
                if defined $parts[ 0 ];
        }
        else {
            return unless defined $parts[ 0 ];
            return unless $spec[ $i ] eq $parts[ 0 ];
            shift @parts;
        }
    }

    return if @parts;

    wantarray
        ? @results
        : (scalar @results == 1)
            ? $results[0]
            : @results;
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Web::Machine::Util - General Utility module

=head1 VERSION

version 0.17

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Web::Machine::Util;

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This is just a basic utility module used internally by
L<Web::Machine>. There are no real user serviceable parts
in here.

=for Pod::Coverage get_action_pack

=head1 FUNCTIONS

=over 4

=item C<first>

This is imported from L<List::Util> and passed on here
for export.

=item C<pair_key>

=item C<pair_value>

These two functions are used for fetching the key
and value out of a pair in the L<Web::Machine> internals.
We represent a pair simply as a HASH ref with one key.

=item C<inflate_headers( $request )>

This will call C<inflate> on an instance of L<HTTP::Headers::ActionPack>.

=item C<create_header( @args )>

This will call C<create> on an instance of L<HTTP::Headers::ActionPack>.

=item C<create_date( $date_string | $time_peice )>

Given either a C<$date_string> or an instance of L<Time::Piece>,
this will inflate it into a L<HTTP::Headers::ActionPack::DateHeader>
object, suitable for use in the FSM.

=item C<bind_path( $path_spec, $path )>

Given a C<$path_spec> (described below) and a C<$path>, this will
either bind the path to the spec and return and array of bound
values, or it will return nothing. Returning nothing indicates
that no match was found. Additionally, if this function is called
in scalar context, and there is only one match, it will return
that item. Otherwise it will return the array as normal. This all
makes it easy to use the following idiom:

  if ( my $id = bind_path( '/:id', $request->path_info ) ) {
      # handle the case with an ID here
  }
  else {
      # handle other cases here
  }

The C<$path_spec> follows a pretty standard convention. Literal
path parts must match corresponding literal. Variable path parts
are prefixed by a colon and are captured for returning later, if
a question mark (?) prefixes the colon, that element will be
considered optional. And lastly the "splat" operator (C<*>) is
supported and causes all the rest of the path segments to be
returned. Below are a few examples of this:

  spec                  path             result
  ------------------------------------------------------------
  /test/:foo/:bar       /test/1/2        ( 1, 2 )
  /test/:foo/:bar       /test/1/         undef #failure-case
  /test/*               /test/1/2/3      ( 1, 2, 3 )
  /user/:id/:action     /user/1/edit     ( 1, 'edit' )
  /?:id                 /201             ( 201 )
  /?:id                 /                ( )

This function is kept deliberately simple and it is expected
that the user will use C<my> in the array form to assign
multiple variables, like this:

  my ( $foo, $bar ) = bind_path( '/test/:foo/:bar', $path );

In the future we might add a C<bind_path_hash> function which
captures the variable names as well, but to be honest, if you
feel you need that, you likely want one of the many excellent
path dispatching modules available on CPAN.

B<NOTE:> Some care should be taken when using path specs in
which the only things are either optional parameters
(prefixed with C<?:>) or the "splat" operator (C<*>)
as they can return empty arrays, which in certain
contexts can look like match failure. In these cases you
can test the match in scalar context to verify, a match
failure will be C<undef> whereas a match success (in
which nothing was matched) will return C<0> (indicating
an array with zero size).

=back

=head1 SUPPORT

bugs may be submitted through L<https://github.com/houseabsolute/webmachine-perl/issues>.

=head1 AUTHORS

=over 4

=item *

Stevan Little <stevan@cpan.org>

=item *

Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>

=back

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

This software is copyright (c) 2016 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut