Author image Alan Kasindorf
and 1 contributors


Garivini - Mostly language agnostic job persistence engine for Gearman


Garivini is a set of workers and an optional "shim" client for usage with Gearman and MySQL to create an efficient job persistence layer. It can operate in high throughput, or low latency modes.


Throughput Mode

    # Set up workers (see below)
    use Garivini::Client;

    my $cli = Garivini::Client->new(dbs => {
        1 => { id => 1, dsn => 'DBI:mysql:job:host=', user => 'job',
            pass => 'job' } });
    $cli->insert_job(funcname => 'hello', arg => 'world');

    # Meanwhile, in a worker
    use Gearman::Worker;
    use Garivini::Client;
    use JSON;

    my $cli = Garivini::Client->new(dbs => {
        1 => { id => 1, dsn => 'DBI:mysql:job:host=', user => 'job',
            pass => 'job' } });
    my $worker = Gearman::Worker->new;
    $worker->register_function('hello' => \&hello);

    sub hello {
        my $job = decode_json(${$_[0]->argref});
        print "Hello ", $job->{arg}, "\n";

See Garivini::Client for more.

Low Latency Mode

    # Client
    use Gearman::Client;
    use JSON;

    my $cli = Gearman::Client->new;
    $cli->do_task('inject_jobs', \encode_json({ funcname => 'hello',
        arg => 'world' }));

    # Worker
    use Gearman::Worker;
    use JSON;

    my $worker = Gearman::Worker->new;
    $worker->register_function('hello' => \&hello);

    sub hello {
        my $job = decode_json(${$_[0]->argref});
        print "Hello ", $job->{arg}, "\n";
        # Job completed successfully!


Example utilities are provided in the source. A "Garivini" script shows how to start any of the workers.

"gv_inject" shows an example client, running in either major mode.

"gv_consume" is an example worker, also runnable in either major mode.


General design

Garivini is a job persistence layer for Gearman. A "job" can be any binary blob of data. It persists jobs into a MySQL server, then executes them asynchronously.

Two main modes of operation are supported: High Throughput, where a small client is used to directly inject jobs, and a worker asynchronously sends the jobs back through Gearman in bulk. Also a Low Latency, or Pure Gearman mode, where jobs are wrapped in JSON and sent through Gearman to a set of special workers, which persists then execute the job themselves immediately.

High Throughput

In High Throughput mode, Garivini::Client is used to insert jobs directly into MySQL. A Garivini::QueueRunner worker then pulls jobs back out of the database in batches, submitting them to Gearman to run the actual work.

Gearman workers then use Garivini::Client to directly remove or reschedule the job upon completion.

You will need to run a handful of QueueRunner workers to manage the queue, but it is not necessary to run many of them.

This combination easily allows millions of jobs to quickly pass through the system. The tradeoff is a delay between inserting a job into the queue, and the Garivini::QueueRunner workers submitting the job to Gearman. A typical setup would have an average latency of one second. This could be lowered or increased, based on tuning decisions.

Any language may be used to submit or work on jobs, so long as they implement the simple Garivini::Client library natively.

Low Latency (or Pure Gearman)

In Low Latency mode, Gearman::Client is used to submit jobs to a Garivini::Injector worker, which listens for jobs sent to "inject_jobs". Jobs must first be encoded in JSON, containing a "funcname" for the final Gearman worker to send the job to, and an "arg" which contains the payload.

After submitting a synchronous job to Garivini::Injector, the Injector saves the job into MySQL, and immediately asynchronously submits the job to Gearman via a Garivini::Controller worker, which ultimately executes the job.

The Garivini::Controller worker listens for "run_queued_job" work. When it receives a job, it synchronously submits it back through Gearman via the assigned "funcname" argument of the job. Once the job completes, it directly removes or reschedules the job from MySQL.

You will need to run enough Injector and Controller workers to handle desired throughput.

This combination allows reliable low latency persistent job submission. Once a job is submitted initially to Gearman, it has been persisted. It is then immediately scheduled for work by its actual function. The tradeoff is harmed throughput and slightly higher latency than memory-only Gearman, as a job has to pass through several workers back and forth through Gearman.

This combination also allows you to easily use persistent jobs from any language client, to any language worker. Any client or worker languge with Gearman and JSON libraries can submit work and run work, the Injector and Controller workers take care of the queue.

You also need to run a small number of Garivini::QueueRunner workers to handle resubmitting failed jobs.

Large Queues


One downside of Gearman is all in-flight jobs must fit in RAM across all of your Gearman server instances. Garivini allows you to limit how many jobs should be waiting for each worker queue.

If you specify a limit of 4000, at most 4000 jobs will wait for any particular worker queue. Any further jobs are rescheduled in the database, and the QueueRunner will attempt to submit them again at a later time.

This feature is experimental due to some corner cases:

Queue depth is fetched via the Gearman "status" command, which is slow if there are many jobs queued. A new fast "queue depth" command must be implemented for this feature to retain speed.

In low latency mode, jobs can be quickly submitted through the Injector worker. If the Injector workers fall behind, Gearmand can still run out of memory.


TODO: Expand this.

Use the "schema.sql" file located in the source to create the necessary database table. Fire up some workers, and away you go.


Gearman::Client Gearman::Worker

Module inspired by TheSchwartz - a scalable but slow job persistence system.


Easiest method is to submit pull requests on github. See Patches welcome!


Dormando (bulk of code, throughput design)

Adam Thomason (low latency worker code)

Design, testing:

Yann Kerherve

Martin Atkins



Copyright 2011 Dormando

Copyright 2011 SAY Media


This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.