Author image Marvin Humphrey
and 1 contributors


KinoSearch::Docs::Tutorial::BeyondSimple - A more flexible app structure.


The KinoSearch code base has been assimilated by the Apache Lucy project. The "KinoSearch" namespace has been deprecated, but development continues under our new name at our new home:



In this tutorial chapter, we'll refactor the apps we built in KinoSearch::Docs::Tutorial::Simple so that they look exactly the same from the end user's point of view, but offer the developer greater possibilites for expansion.

To achieve this, we'll ditch KSx::Simple and replace it with the classes that it uses internally:

Adaptations to

After we load our modules...

    use KinoSearch::Plan::Schema;
    use KinoSearch::Plan::FullTextType;
    use KinoSearch::Analysis::PolyAnalyzer;
    use KinoSearch::Index::Indexer;

... the first item we're going need is a Schema.

The primary job of a Schema is to specify what fields are available and how they're defined. We'll start off with three fields: title, content and url.

    # Create Schema.
    my $schema = KinoSearch::Plan::Schema->new;
    my $polyanalyzer = KinoSearch::Analysis::PolyAnalyzer->new(
        language => 'en',
    my $type = KinoSearch::Plan::FullTextType->new(
        analyzer => $polyanalyzer,
    $schema->spec_field( name => 'title',   type => $type );
    $schema->spec_field( name => 'content', type => $type );
    $schema->spec_field( name => 'url',     type => $type );

All of the fields are spec'd out using the "FullTextType" FieldType, indicating that they will be searchable as "full text" -- which means that they can be searched for individual words. The "analyzer", which is unique to FullTextType fields, is what breaks up the text into searchable tokens.

Next, we'll swap our KSx::Simple object out for a KinoSearch::Index::Indexer. The substitution will be straightforward because Simple has merely been serving as a thin wrapper around an inner Indexer, and we'll just be peeling away the wrapper.

First, replace the constructor:

    # Create Indexer.
    my $indexer = KinoSearch::Index::Indexer->new(
        index    => $path_to_index,
        schema   => $schema,
        create   => 1,
        truncate => 1,

Next, have the $indexer object add_doc where we were having the $simple object add_doc before:

    foreach my $filename (@filenames) {
        my $doc = slurp_and_parse_file($filename);

There's only one extra step required: at the end of the app, you must call commit() explicitly to close the indexing session and commit your changes. (KSx::Simple hides this detail, calling commit() implicitly when it needs to).


Adaptations to search.cgi

In our search app as in our indexing app, KSx::Simple has served as a thin wrapper -- this time around KinoSearch::Search::IndexSearcher and KinoSearch::Search::Hits. Swapping out Simple for these two classes is also straightforward:

    use KinoSearch::Search::IndexSearcher;
    my $searcher = KinoSearch::Search::IndexSearcher->new( 
        index => $path_to_index,
    my $hits = $searcher->hits(    # returns a Hits object, not a hit count
        query      => $q,
        offset     => $offset,
        num_wanted => $page_size,
    my $hit_count = $hits->total_hits;  # get the hit count here
    while ( my $hit = $hits->next ) {


Congratulations! Your apps do the same thing as before... but now they'll be easier to customize.

In our next chapter, KinoSearch::Docs::Tutorial::FieldType, we'll explore how to assign different behaviors to different fields.


Copyright 2005-2011 Marvin Humphrey

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.