Author image Marvin Humphrey
and 1 contributors


KinoSearch::Docs::Tutorial::BeyondSimple - A more flexible app structure.



In this tutorial chapter, we'll refactor the apps we built in KinoSearch::Docs::Tutorial::Simple so that they look exactly the same from the end user's point of view, but offer greater possibilites for expansion.

To achieve this, we'll ditch KinoSearch::Simple and replace it with the classes that it uses internally:


The first item we're going need is a custom subclass of KinoSearch::Schema.

    package USConSchema;
    use base 'KinoSearch::Schema';

A Schema subclass is analogous to an SQL table definition. It instructs other entities on how they should interpret the raw data in an inverted index and interact with it.

First and foremost, a Schema indicates what fields are available and how they're defined. Declaring a hash named %fields with our is the first of two requirements for creating a valid subclass:

    our %fields = (
        title   => 'text',
        content => 'text',
        url     => 'text',

The second is implementing an analyzer() class method, which must return an object which isa KinoSearch::Analysis::Analyzer:

    use KinoSearch::Analysis::PolyAnalyzer;

    sub analyzer { 
        return KinoSearch::Analysis::PolyAnalyzer->new( language => 'en' );

Finish off with the obligatory true value...

    1; # end of USConSchema

... put it in a place where both and search.cgi will be able to use it -- the cgi-bin directory will work -- and adjust file system permissions as needed.

Open up and add a new variable called "lib" which will facilitate loading

    # Arrayref of library paths to add to @INC.
    lib => ['/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin'],

Note: the same Schema subclass must, repeat must be used at both index-time and search time -- otherwise the Searcher will misinterpret the data in the invindex.

Adaptations to

In the indexing app, we'll swap our KinoSearch::Simple object out for a KinoSearch::InvIndexer. The substitution will be straightforward because Simple has merely been serving as a thin wrapper around an inner InvIndexer, and we'll just be peeling away the wrapper.

Take the steps necessary to load all required classes...

    use lib @{ $conf{lib} };
    use USConSchema;
    use KinoSearch::InvIndexer;

... and replace the constructor:

    my $invindexer = KinoSearch::InvIndexer->new(
        invindex => USConSchema->read( $conf{path_to_invindex} ),

Note that instead of giving InvIndexer a file path like we gave Simple, we're now having our Schema subclass read from that file path.

Next, have the $invindexer object add_doc where we were having the $simple object add_doc before:

    foreach my $filename (@filenames) {
        my $doc = slurp_and_parse_file($filename);

There's only one extra step required: at the end of the app, you must call finish() explicitly to close the indexing session and commit your changes. (KinoSearch::Simple calls finish() implicitly upon object destruction).


Adaptations to search.cgi

In our search app as in our indexing app, KinoSearch::Simple has served as a thin wrapper -- this time around KinoSearch::Searcher and KinoSearch::Search::Hits. Swapping out Simple for these two classes is straightforward save for the differing values returned by $simple->search and $searcher->search.

    use lib @{ $conf{lib} };
    use USConSchema;
    use KinoSearch::Searcher;


    my $searcher = KinoSearch::Searcher->new(
        invindex => USConSchema->read($index_loc),
    my $hits = $searcher->search(    # returns a Hits object, not a hit count
        query      => $q,
        offset     => $offset,
        num_wanted => $hits_per_page,
    my $hit_count = $hits->total_hits;  # get the hit count here

    while ( my $hit = $hits->fetch_hit_hashref ) {

$simple->search returns a hit count; in contrast, $searcher->search returns a Hits object, from which you may obtain a hit count via the total_hits() method.


Congratulations! Your apps do the same thing as before... but now they're a lot easier to customize.


Copyright 2005-2007 Marvin Humphrey


See KinoSearch version 0.20.