Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools - Run wrapper for the BEDTools suite of programs *BETA*


 # use a BEDTools program
 $bedtools_fac = Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools->new( -command => 'subtract' );
 $result_file = $bedtools_fac->run( -bed1 => 'genes.bed', -bed2 => 'mask.bed' );
 # if IO::Uncompress::Gunzip is available...
 $result_file = $bedtools_fac->run( -bed1 => 'genes.bed.gz', -bed2 => 'mask.bed.gz' );
 # be more strict
 $bedtools_fac->set_parameters( -strandedness => 1 );
 # and even more...
 $bedtools_fac->set_parameters( -minimum_overlap => 1e-6 );
 # create a Bio::SeqFeature::Collection object
 $features = $bedtools_fac->result( -want => 'Bio::SeqFeature::Collection' );


Most executables from BEDTools v>=2.10.1 can read GFF and VCF formats in addition to BED format. This requires the use of a new input file param, shown in the following documentation, '-bgv', in place of '-bed' for the executables that can do this.

This behaviour breaks existing scripts.


This module provides a wrapper interface for Aaron R. Quinlan and Ira M. Hall's utilities BEDTools that allow for (among other things):

  • Intersecting two BED files in search of overlapping features.

  • Merging overlapping features.

  • Screening for paired-end (PE) overlaps between PE sequences and existing genomic features.

  • Calculating the depth and breadth of sequence coverage across defined "windows" in a genome.

(see for manuals and downloads).


BEDTools is a suite of 17 commandline executable. This module attempts to provide and options comprehensively. You can browse the choices like so:

 $bedtools_fac = Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools->new;

 # all bowtie commands
 @all_commands = $bedtools_fac->available_parameters('commands');
 @all_commands = $bedtools_fac->available_commands; # alias

 # just for default command ('bam_to_bed')
 @btb_params = $bedtools_fac->available_parameters('params');
 @btb_switches = $bedtools_fac->available_parameters('switches');
 @btb_all_options = $bedtools_fac->available_parameters();

Reasonably mnemonic names have been assigned to the single-letter command line options. These are the names returned by available_parameters, and can be used in the factory constructor like typical BioPerl named parameters.

As a number of options are mutually exclusive, and the interpretation of intent is based on last-pass option reaching bowtie with potentially unpredicted results. This module will prevent inconsistent switches and parameters from being passed.

See for details of BEDTools options.


When a command requires filenames, these are provided to the run method, not the constructor (new()). To see the set of files required by a command, use available_parameters('filespec') or the alias filespec():

  $bedtools_fac = Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools->new( -command => 'pair_to_bed' );
  @filespec = $bedtools_fac->filespec;

This example returns the following array:


This indicates that the bed (BEDTools BED format) file MUST be specified, and that the out, bedpe (BEDTools BEDPE format) and bam (SAM binary format) file MAY be specified (Note that in this case you MUST provide ONE of bedpe OR bam, the module at this stage does not allow this information to be queried). Use these in the run call like so:

 $bedtools_fac->run( -bedpe => 'paired.bedpe',
                     -bgv => 'genes.bed',
                     -out => 'overlap' );

The object will store the programs STDERR output for you in the stderr() attribute:

 handle_bed_warning($bedtools_fac) if ($bedtools_fac->stderr =~ /Usage:/);

For the commands 'fasta_from_bed' and 'mask_fasta_from_bed' STDOUT will also be captured in the stdout() attribute by default and all other commands can be forced to capture program output in STDOUT by setting the -out filespec parameter to '-'.


Mailing Lists

User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to the Bioperl mailing list. Your participation is much appreciated.                  - General discussion  - About the mailing lists


Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:

Rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem with code and data examples if at all possible.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track of the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the web:

AUTHOR - Dan Kortschak

 Email dan.kortschak


Additional contributors names and emails here


The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _


 Title   : new
 Usage   : my $obj = new Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools();
 Function: Builds a new Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools object
 Returns : an instance of Bio::Tools::Run::BEDTools
 Args    :


 Title   : run
 Usage   : $result = $bedtools_fac->run(%params);
 Function: Run a BEDTools command.
 Returns : Command results (file, IO object or Bio object)
 Args    : Dependent on filespec for command. 
           See $bedtools_fac->filespec and BEDTools Manual.
           Also accepts -want => '(raw|format|<object_class>)' - see want().
 Note    : gzipped inputs are allowed if IO::Uncompress::Gunzip
           is available
           Command                      <in>                    <out>

           annotate             bgv             ann(s)          #out
           graph_union          bg_files                        #out
           fasta_from_bed       seq             bgv             #out

           mask_fasta_from_bed  seq             bgv             #out
           bam_to_bed           bam                             #out
           bed_to_IGV           bgv                             #out

           merge                bgv                             #out

           sort                 bgv                             #out

           links                bgv                             #out
           b12_to_b6            bed                             #out

           overlap              bed                             #out

           group_by             bed                             #out
           bed_to_bam           bgv                             #out

           shuffle              bgv             genome          #out

           slop                 bgv             genome          #out

           complement           bgv             genome          #out
           genome_coverage      bed             genome          #out
           window               bgv1            bgv2            #out

           closest              bgv1            bgv2            #out

           coverage             bgv1            bgv2            #out

           subtract             bgv1            bgv2            #out
           pair_to_pair         bedpe1          bedpe2          #out
           intersect            bgv1|bam        bgv2            #out
           pair_to_bed          bedpe|bam       bgv             #out

           bgv* signifies any of BED, GFF or VCF. ann is a bgv.
           NOTE: Replace 'bgv' with 'bed' unless $use_bgv is set.


 Title   : want
 Usage   : $bowtiefac->want( $class )
 Function: make factory return $class, or 'raw' results in file
           or 'format' for result format
           All commands can return Bio::Root::IO
           commands returning:       can return object:
           - BED or BEDPE            - Bio::SeqFeature::Collection
           - sequence                - Bio::SeqIO
 Returns : return wanted type
 Args    : [optional] string indicating class or raw of wanted result


 Title   : result
 Usage   : $bedtoolsfac->result( [-want => $type|$format] )
 Function: return result in wanted format
 Returns : results
 Args    : [optional] hashref of wanted type
 Note    : -want arg does not persist between result() call when
           specified in result(), for persistence, use want()


 Title   : _determine_format( $has_run )
 Usage   : $bedtools-fac->_determine_format
 Function: determine the format of output for current options
 Returns : format of bowtie output
 Args    : [optional] boolean to indicate result exists


 Title   : _read_bed()
 Usage   : $bedtools_fac->_read_bed
 Function: return a Bio::SeqFeature::Collection object from a BED file 
 Returns : Bio::SeqFeature::Collection
 Args    : 


 Title   : _read_bedpe()
 Usage   : $bedtools_fac->_read_bedpe
 Function: return a Bio::SeqFeature::Collection object from a BEDPE file 
 Returns : Bio::SeqFeature::Collection
 Args    : 


 Title   : _validate_file_input
 Usage   : $bedtools_fac->_validate_file_input( -type => $file )
 Function: validate file type for file spec
 Returns : file type if valid type for file spec
 Args    : hash of filespec => file_name


 Title   : version
 Usage   : $version = $bedtools_fac->version()
 Function: Returns the program version (if available)
 Returns : string representing location and version of the program