Author image Christopher Fields
and 1 contributors

NAME

Test::Warn - Perl extension to test methods for warnings

SYNOPSIS

  use Test::Warn;

  warning_is    {foo(-dri => "/")} "Unknown Parameter 'dri'", "dri != dir gives warning";
  warnings_are  {bar(1,1)} ["Width very small", "Height very small"];
  
  warning_is    {add(2,2)} undef, "No warning to calc 2+2"; # or
  warnings_are  {add(2,2)} [],    "No warning to calc 2+2"; # what reads better :-)
  
  warning_like  {foo(-dri => "/"} qr/unknown param/i, "an unknown parameter test";
  warnings_like {bar(1,1)} [qr/width.*small/i, qr/height.*small/i];
  
  warning_is    {foo()} {carped => 'didn't found the right parameters'};
  warnings_like {foo()} [qr/undefined/,qr/undefined/,{carped => qr/no result/i}];
  
  warning_like {foo(undef)}                 'uninitialized';
  warning_like {bar(file => '/etc/passwd')} 'io';

  warning_like {eval q/"$x"; $x;/} 
               [qw/void uninitialized/], 
               "some warnings at compile time";

DESCRIPTION

This module provides a few convenience methods for testing warning based code.

If you are not already familiar with the Test::More manpage now would be the time to go take a look.

FUNCTIONS

warning_is BLOCK STRING, TEST_NAME

Tests that BLOCK gives exactly the one specificated warning. The test fails if the BLOCK warns more then one times or doesn't warn. If the string is undef, then the tests succeeds iff the BLOCK doesn't give any warning. Another way to say that there aren't ary warnings in the block, is warnings_are {foo()} [], "no warnings in".

If you want to test for a warning given by carp, You have to write something like: warning_is {carp "msg"} {carped => 'msg'}, "Test for a carped warning". The test will fail, if a "normal" warning is found instead of a "carped" one.

Note: warn "foo" would print something like foo at -e line 1. This method ignores everything after the at. That means, to match this warning you would have to call warning_is {warn "foo"} "foo", "Foo succeeded". If you need to test for a warning at an exactly line, try better something like warning_like {warn "foo"} qr/at XYZ.dat line 5/.

warning_is and warning_are are only aliases to the same method. So you also could write warning_is {foo()} [], "no warning" or something similar. I decided me to give two methods to have some better readable method names.

A true value is returned if the test succeeds, false otherwise.

The test name is optional, but recommended.

warnings_are BLOCK ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME

Tests to see that BLOCK gives exactly the specificated warnings. The test fails if the BLOCK warns a different number than the size of the ARRAYREf would have expected. If the ARRAYREF is equal to [], then the test succeeds iff the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.

Please read also the notes to warning_is as these methods are only aliases.

If you want more than one tests for carped warnings look that way: warnings_are {carp "c1"; carp "c2"} {carped = ['c1','c2'];> or warnings_are {foo()} ["Warning 1", {carped = ["Carp 1", "Carp 2"]}, "Warning 2"]>. Note that {carped = ...}> has always to be a hash ref.

warning_like BLOCK REGEXP, TEST_NAME

Tests that BLOCK gives exactly one warning and it can be matched to the given regexp. If the string is undef, then the tests succeeds iff the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.

The REGEXP is matched after the whole warn line, which consists in general of "WARNING at __FILE__ line __LINE__". So you can check for a warning in at File Foo.pm line 5 with warning_like {bar()} qr/at Foo.pm line 5/, "Testname". I don't know whether it's sensful to do such a test :-( However, you should be prepared as a matching with 'at', 'file', '\d' or similar will always pass. Think to the qr/^foo/ if you want to test for warning "foo something" in file foo.pl.

You can also write the regexp in a string as "/.../" instead of using the qr/.../ syntax. Note that the slashes are important in the string, as strings without slashes are reserved for warning categories (to match warning categories as can be seen in the perllexwarn man page).

Similar to warning_is, you can test for warnings via carp with: warning_like {bar()} {carped = qr/bar called too early/i};>

Similar to warning_is/warnings_are, warning_like and warnings_like are only aliases to the same methods.

A true value is returned if the test succeeds, false otherwise.

The test name is optional, but recommended.

warning_like BLOCK STRING, TEST_NAME

Tests whether a BLOCK gives exactly one warning of the passed category. The categories are grouped in a tree, like it is expressed in perllexwarn. Note, that they have the hierarchical structure from perl 5.8.0, wich has a little bit changed to 5.6.1 or earlier versions (You can access the internal used tree with $Test::Warn::Categorization::tree, allthough I wouldn't recommend it)

Thanks to the grouping in a tree, it's simple possible to test for an 'io' warning, instead for testing for a 'closed|exec|layer|newline|pipe|unopened' warning.

Note, that warnings occuring at compile time, can only be catched in an eval block. So

  warning_like {eval q/"$x"; $x;/} 
               [qw/void uninitialized/], 
               "some warnings at compile time";
               

will work, while it wouldn't work without the eval.

Note, that it isn't possible yet, to test for own categories, created with warnings::register.

warnings_like BLOCK ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME

Tests to see that BLOCK gives exactly the number of the specificated warnings and all the warnings have to match in the defined order to the passed regexes.

Please read also the notes to warning_like as these methods are only aliases.

Similar to warnings_are, you can test for multiple warnings via carp and for warning categories, too:

  warnings_like {foo()} 
                [qr/bar warning/,
                 qr/bar warning/,
                 {carped => qr/bar warning/i},
                 'io'
                ],
                "I hope, you'll never have to write a test for so many warnings :-)";

EXPORT

warning_is, warnings_are, warning_like, warnings_like by default.

BUGS

Please note that warnings with newlines inside are making a lot of trouble. The only sensful way to handle them is to use are the warning_like or warnings_like methods. Background for these problems is that there is no really secure way to distinguish between warnings with newlines and a tracing stacktrace.

If a method has it's own warn handler, overwriting $SIG{__WARN__}, my test warning methods won't get these warnings.

The warning_like BLOCK CATEGORY, TEST_NAME method isn't extremely tested. Please use this calling style with higher attention and tell me if you find a bug.

TODO

Improve this documentation.

The code has some parts doubled - especially in the test scripts. This is really awkward and has to be changed.

Please feel free to suggest me any improvements.

SEE ALSO

Have a look to the similar Test::Exception module.

THANKS

Many thanks to Adrian Howard, chromatic and Michael G. Schwern, who have given me a lot of ideas.

AUTHOR

Janek Schleicher, <bigj AT kamelfreund.de>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 2002 by Janek Schleicher

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.