# Palm::Datebook.pm
# 
# Perl class for dealing with Palm DateBook databases. 
#
#	Copyright (C) 1999-2001, Andrew Arensburger.
#	You may distribute this file under the terms of the Artistic
#	License, as specified in the README file.
#
# $Id: Datebook.pm,v 1.19 2002/11/07 14:11:51 arensb Exp $

use strict;
package EBook::MOBI::MobiPerl::Palm::Datebook;
use EBook::MOBI::MobiPerl::Palm::Raw();
use EBook::MOBI::MobiPerl::Palm::StdAppInfo();

use vars qw( $VERSION @ISA );

# One liner, to allow MakeMaker to work.
$VERSION = do { my @r = (q$Revision: 1.19 $ =~ /\d+/g); sprintf "%d."."%02d" x $#r, @r };

@ISA = qw( EBook::MOBI::MobiPerl::Palm::StdAppInfo EBook::MOBI::MobiPerl::Palm::Raw );


=head1 NAME

Palm::Datebook - Handler for Palm DateBook databases.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Palm::Datebook;

=head1 DESCRIPTION

The Datebook PDB handler is a helper class for the Palm::PDB package.
It parses DateBook databases.

=head2 AppInfo block

The AppInfo block begins with standard category support. See
L<Palm::StdAppInfo> for details.

=head2 Sort block

    $pdb->{sort}

This is a scalar, the raw data of the sort block.

=head2 Records

    $record = $pdb->{records}[N]

    $record->{day}
    $record->{month}
    $record->{year}

The day, month and year of the event. The day and month start at 1
(I<i.e.>, for January, C<$record-E<gt>{month}> is set to 1). The year
is a four-digit number (for dates in 2001, C<$record-E<gt>{year}> is
"2001").

For repeating events, these fields specify the first date at which the
event occurs.

    $record->{start_hour}
    $record->{start_minute}
    $record->{end_hour}
    $record->{end_minute}

The start and end times of the event. For untimed events, all of these
are 0xff.

    $record->{when_changed}

This is defined and true iff the "when info" for the record has
changed. I don't know what this means.

    $record->{alarm}{advance}
    $record->{alarm}{unit}

If the record has an alarm associated with it, the
%{$record->{alarm}} hash exists. The "unit" subfield is an integer:
0 for minutes, 1 for hours, 2 for days. The "advance" subfield
specifies how many units before the event the alarm should ring.
I<e.g.>, if "unit" is 1 and "advance" is 5, then the alarm will sound
5 hours before the event.

If "advance" is -1, then there is no alarm associated with this event.

    %{$record->{repeat}}

This has exists iff this is a repeating event.

    $record->{repeat}{type}

An integer which specifies the type of repeat:

=over 4

=item 0

no repeat.

=item 1

a daily event, one that occurs every day.

=item 2

a weekly event, one that occurs every week on the same dayZ<>(s). An
event may occur on several days every week, I<e.g.>, every Monday,
Wednesday and Friday.

For weekly events, the following fields are defined:

    @{$record->{repeat}{repeat_days}}

This is an array of 7 elements; each element is true iff the event
occurs on the corresponding day. Element 0 is Sunday, element 1 is
Monday, and so forth.

    $record->{repeat}{start_of_week}

I'm not sure what this is, but the Datebook app appears to perform
some hairy calculations involving this.

=item 3

a "monthly by day" event, I<e.g.>, one that occurs on the second
Friday of every month.

For "monthly by day" events, the following fields are defined:

    $record->{repeat}{weeknum}

The number of the week on which the event occurs. 0 means the first
week of the month, 1 means the second week of the month, and so forth.
A value of 5 means that the event occurs on the last week of the
month.

    $record->{repeat}{daynum}

An integer, the day of the week on which the event occurs. 0 means
Sunday, 1 means Monday, and so forth.

=item 4

a "monthly by date" event, I<e.g.>, one that occurs on the 12th of
every month.

=item 5

a yearly event, I<e.g.>, one that occurs every year on December 25th.

    $record->{repeat}{frequency}

Specifies the frequency of the repeat. For instance, if the event is a
daily one, and $record->{repeat}{frequency} is 3, then the event
occurs every 3 days.

=back

    $record->{repeat}{unknown}

I don't know what this is.

    $record->{repeat}{end_day}
    $record->{repeat}{end_month}
    $record->{repeat}{end_year}

The last day, month and year on which the event occurs.

    @{$record->{exceptions}}
    $day   = $record->{exceptions}[N][0]
    $month = $record->{exceptions}[N][1]
    $year  = $record->{exceptions}[N][2]

If there are any exceptions to a repeating event, I<e.g.> a weekly
meeting that was cancelled one time, then the
@{$record->{exceptions}} array is defined.

Each element in this array is a reference to an anonymous array with
three elements: the day, month, and year of the exception.

    $record->{description}

A text string, the description of the event.

    $record->{note}

A text string, the note (if any) attached to the event.

=head1 METHODS

=cut
#'

sub import
{
	&Palm::PDB::RegisterPDBHandlers(__PACKAGE__,
		[ "date", "DATA" ],
		);
}

=head2 new

  $pdb = new Palm::Datebook;

Create a new PDB, initialized with the various Palm::Datebook fields
and an empty record list.

=cut
#'

# new
# Create a new Palm::Datebook database, and return it
sub new
{
	my $classname	= shift;
	my $self	= $classname->SUPER::new(@_);
			# Create a generic PDB. No need to rebless it,
			# though.

	$self->{name} = "DatebookDB";	# Default
	$self->{creator} = "date";
	$self->{type} = "DATA";
	$self->{attributes}{resource} = 0;
				# The PDB is not a resource database by
				# default, but it's worth emphasizing,
				# since DatebookDB is explicitly not a PRC.
	$self->{appinfo} = {
		start_of_week	=> 0,	# XXX - This is bogus
	};
	&Palm::StdAppInfo::seed_StdAppInfo($self->{appinfo});

	$self->{sort} = undef;	# Empty sort block

	$self->{records} = [];	# Empty list of records

	return $self;
}

=head2 new_Record

  $record = $pdb->new_Record;

Creates a new Datebook record, with blank values for all of the fields.

C<new_Record> does B<not> add the new record to C<$pdb>. For that,
you want C<$pdb-E<gt>append_Record>.

=cut

sub new_Record
{
	my $classname = shift;
	my $retval = $classname->SUPER::new_Record(@_);

	# By default, the new record is an untimed event that occurs
	# today.
	my @now = localtime(time);

	$retval->{day}		= $now[3];
	$retval->{month}	= $now[4] + 1;
	$retval->{year}		= $now[5] + 1900;

	$retval->{start_hour} =
	$retval->{start_minute} =
	$retval->{end_hour} =
	$retval->{end_minute} = 0xff;

	# Set the alarm. Defaults to 10 minutes before the event.
	$retval->{alarm}{advance} = 10;
	$retval->{alarm}{unit} = 0;		# Minutes

	$retval->{repeat} = {};			# No repeat
	$retval->{exceptions} = [];		# No exceptions

	$retval->{description} = "";
	$retval->{note} = undef;

	return $retval;
}

# ParseAppInfoBlock
# Parse the AppInfo block for Datebook databases.
# There appears to be one byte of padding at the end.
sub ParseAppInfoBlock
{
	my $self = shift;
	my $data = shift;
	my $startOfWeek;
	my $i;
	my $appinfo = {};
	my $std_len;

	# Get the standard parts of the AppInfo block
	$std_len = &Palm::StdAppInfo::parse_StdAppInfo($appinfo, $data);

	$data = $appinfo->{other};		# Look at non-category part

	# Get the rest of the AppInfo block
	my $unpackstr =		# Argument to unpack(), since it's hairy
		"x2" .			# Padding
		"C";			# Start of week

	# XXX - This is actually "sortOrder". Dunno what that is,
	# though.
	($startOfWeek) = unpack $unpackstr, $data;

	$appinfo->{start_of_week} = $startOfWeek;

	return $appinfo;
}

sub PackAppInfoBlock
{
	my $self = shift;
	my $retval;

	# Pack the non-category part of the AppInfo block
	$self->{appinfo}{other} =
		pack("x2 C x", $self->{appinfo}{start_of_week});

	# Pack the standard part of the AppInfo block
	$retval = &Palm::StdAppInfo::pack_StdAppInfo($self->{appinfo});

	return $retval;
}

sub ParseRecord
{
	my $self = shift;
	my %record = @_;
	my $data;

	delete $record{offset};	# This is useless

	# Untimed events have 0xff for $startHour, $startMinute,
	# $endHour and $endMinute.
	my $startHour;		# In 24-hour format
	my $startMinute;
	my $endHour;		# In 24-hour format
	my $endMinute;
	my $rawDate;
	my $flags;
	my $unpackstr =		# Argument to unpack().
		"C C" .		# Start hour, minute
		"C C" .		# End hour, minute
		"n" .		# Raw date
		"n";		# Flags

	$data = $record{data};
	($startHour, $startMinute, $endHour, $endMinute, $rawDate,
	 $flags) =
		unpack $unpackstr, $data;
	$data = substr $data, 8;	# Chop off the part we've just parsed

	my $year;
	my $month;
	my $day;

	$day   =  $rawDate       & 0x001f;	# 5 bits
	$month = ($rawDate >> 5) & 0x000f;	# 4 bits
	$year  = ($rawDate >> 9) & 0x007f;	# 7 bits (years since 1904)
	$year += 1904;

	$record{start_hour} = $startHour;
	$record{start_minute} = $startMinute;
	$record{end_hour} = $endHour;
	$record{end_minute} = $endMinute;
	$record{day} = $day;
	$record{month} = $month;
	$record{year} = $year;

	# Flags
	my $when_changed	= ($flags & 0x8000 ? 1 : 0);
	my $have_alarm		= ($flags & 0x4000 ? 1 : 0);
	my $have_repeat		= ($flags & 0x2000 ? 1 : 0);
	my $have_note		= ($flags & 0x1000 ? 1 : 0);
	my $have_exceptions	= ($flags & 0x0800 ? 1 : 0);
	my $have_description	= ($flags & 0x0400 ? 1 : 0);

	$record{other_flags} = $flags & 0x03ff;

	if ($when_changed)
	{
		$record{when_changed} = 1;
	}

	if ($have_alarm)
	{
		my $advance;
		my $adv_unit;

		($advance, $adv_unit) = unpack "cC", $data;
		$data = substr $data, 2;	# Chop off alarm data

		$record{alarm}{advance} = $advance;
		$record{alarm}{unit} = $adv_unit;
	}

	if ($have_repeat)
	{
		my $type;
		my $endDate;
		my $frequency;
		my $repeatOn;
		my $repeatStartOfWeek;
		my $unknown;

		($type, $endDate, $frequency, $repeatOn, $repeatStartOfWeek,
		 $unknown) =
			unpack "Cx n C C C C", $data;
		$data = substr $data, 8;	# Chop off repeat part

		$record{repeat}{type} = $type;
		$record{repeat}{unknown} = $unknown;

		if ($endDate != 0xffff)
		{
			my $endYear;
			my $endMonth;
			my $endDay;

			$endDay   =  $endDate       & 0x001f;	# 5 bits
			$endMonth = ($endDate >> 5) & 0x000f;	# 4 bits
			$endYear  = ($endDate >> 9) & 0x007f;	# 7 bits (years
			$endYear += 1904;			# since 1904)

			$record{repeat}{end_day} = $endDay;
			$record{repeat}{end_month} = $endMonth;
			$record{repeat}{end_year} = $endYear;
		}

		$record{repeat}{frequency} = $frequency;
		if ($type == 2)
		{
			# "Weekly" repeat
			my $i;
			my @days;

			# Build an array of 7 elements (one for each
			# day of the week). Each element is set iff
			# the appointment repeats on that day.
			for ($i = 0; $i < 7; $i++)
			{
				if ($repeatOn & (1 << $i))
				{
					$days[$i] = 1;
				} else {
					$days[$i] = 0;
				}
			}

			$record{repeat}{repeat_days} = [ @days ];
			$record{repeat}{start_of_week} =
				$repeatStartOfWeek;
					# I don't know what this is,
					# but the Datebook app appears
					# to perform some hairy
					# calculations involving this.
		} elsif ($type == 3) {
			# "Monthly by day" repeat
			# If "weeknum" is 5, it means the last week of
			# the month
			$record{repeat}{weeknum} = int($repeatOn / 7);
			$record{repeat}{daynum} = $repeatOn % 7;
		}
	}

	if ($have_exceptions)
	{
		my $numExceptions;
		my @exceptions;

		$numExceptions = unpack "n", $data;
		$data = substr $data, 2;
		@exceptions = unpack "n" x $numExceptions, $data;
		$data = substr $data, 2 * $numExceptions;

		my $exception;
		foreach $exception (@exceptions)
		{
			my $year;
			my $month;
			my $day;

			$day   =  $exception       & 0x001f;
			$month = ($exception >> 5) & 0x000f;
			$year  = ($exception >> 9) & 0x007f;
			$year += 1904;

			push @{$record{exceptions}},
				[ $day, $month, $year ];
		}
	}

	my @fields = split /\0/, $data;

	if ($have_description)
	{
		my $description;

		$description = shift @fields;
		$record{description} = $description;
	}

	if ($have_note)
	{
		my $note;

		$note = shift @fields;
		$record{note} = $note;
	}

	delete $record{data};

	return \%record;
}

sub PackRecord
{
	my $self = shift;
	my $record = shift;
	my $retval;

	my $rawDate;
	my $flags;

	$rawDate = ($record->{day}            & 0x001f) |
		  (($record->{month}          & 0x000f) << 5) |
		  ((($record->{year} - 1904)  & 0x007f) << 9);

	# XXX - Better to collect data first, then build flags.
	$flags = $record->{other_flags};
#  	$flags |= 0x8000 if $record->{when_changed};
#  	$flags |= 0x4000 if keys %{$record->{alarm}} ne ();
#  	$flags |= 0x2000 if keys %{$record->{repeat}} ne ();
#  	$flags |= 0x1000 if $record->{note} ne "";
#  	$flags |= 0x0800 if $#{$record->{exceptions}} >= 0;
#  	$flags |= 0x0400 if $record->{description} ne "";

#  	$retval = pack "C C C C n n",
#  		$record->{start_hour},
#  		$record->{start_minute},
#  		$record->{end_hour},
#  		$record->{end_minute},
#  		$rawDate,
#  		$flags;

	if ($record->{when_changed})
	{
		$flags |= 0x8000;
	}

	my $alarm = undef;

	if (defined($record->{alarm}) && %{$record->{alarm}})
	{
		$flags |= 0x4000;
		$alarm = pack "c C",
			$record->{alarm}{advance},
			$record->{alarm}{unit};
	}

	my $repeat = undef;

	if (defined($record->{repeat}) && %{$record->{repeat}})
	{
		my $type;		# Repeat type
		my $endDate = 0xffff;	# No end date defined by default
		my $repeatOn = 0;
		my $repeatStartOfWeek = 0;

		$flags |= 0x2000;

		if (defined($record->{repeat}{end_day}))
		{
			# End date defined
			$endDate =
				($record->{repeat}{end_day} & 0x001f) |
				(($record->{repeat}{end_month}
					& 0x000f) << 5) |
				((($record->{repeat}{end_year} - 1904)
					& 0x007f) << 9);
		}

		if ($record->{repeat}{type} == 2)
		{
			# Weekly repeat
			my $i;

			$repeatOn = 0;
			for ($i = 0; $i < 7; $i++)
			{
				if ($record->{repeat}{repeat_days}[$i])
				{
					$repeatOn |= (1 << $i);
				}
			}
			$repeatStartOfWeek = $record->{repeat}{start_of_week};
		} elsif ($record->{repeat}{type} == 3)
		{
			# "Monthly by day" repeat
			my $weeknum = $record->{repeat}{weeknum};

			if ($weeknum > 5)
			{
				$weeknum = 5;
			}
			$repeatOn = ($record->{repeat}{weeknum} * 7) +
				($record->{repeat}{daynum} % 7);
		}

		$repeat = pack "Cx n C C C C",
			$record->{repeat}{type},
			$endDate,
			$record->{repeat}{frequency},
			$repeatOn,
			$repeatStartOfWeek,
			$record->{repeat}{unknown};
	}

	my $exceptions = undef;

	if (defined($record->{exceptions}) && @{$record->{exceptions}})
	{
		my $numExceptions = $#{$record->{exceptions}} + 1;
		my $exception;

		$flags |= 0x0800;

		$exceptions = pack("n", $numExceptions);

		foreach $exception (@{$record->{exceptions}})
		{
			my $day		= $exception->[0];
			my $month	= $exception->[1];
			my $year	= $exception->[2];

			$exceptions .= pack("n",
				($day & 0x001f) |
				(($month & 0x000f) << 5) |
				((($year - 1904) & 0x007f) << 9));
		}
	}

	my $description = undef;

	if (defined($record->{description}) && ($record->{description} ne ""))
	{
		$flags |= 0x0400;
		$description = $record->{description} . "\0";
	}

	my $note = undef;

	if (defined($record->{note}) && ($record->{note} ne ""))
	{
		$flags |= 0x1000;
		$note = $record->{note} . "\0";
	}

	$retval = pack "C C C C n n",
		$record->{start_hour},
		$record->{start_minute},
		$record->{end_hour},
		$record->{end_minute},
		$rawDate,
		$flags;

	$retval .= $alarm	if defined($alarm);
	$retval .= $repeat	if defined($repeat);
	$retval .= $exceptions	if defined($exceptions);
	$retval .= $description	if defined($description);
	$retval .= $note	if defined($note);

	return $retval;
}

1;
__END__

=head1 AUTHOR

Andrew Arensburger E<lt>arensb@ooblick.comE<gt>

=head1 SEE ALSO

Palm::PDB(3)

Palm::StdAppInfo(3)

=cut