NAME

htmlsel - Select HTML::Element nodes using CSel syntax

VERSION

This document describes version 0.010 of htmlsel (from Perl distribution App-htmlsel), released on 2020-04-29.

SYNOPSIS

 % htmlsel file.html '.Element[tag="p"] .Element[tag="b"]'

DESCRIPTION

This utility uses CSel to select against a tree of HTML::Element nodes constructed by HTML::TreeBuilder. You probably want to use html-css-sel instead.

About the tree: the root node is HTML::TreeBuilder object. HTML::TreeBuilder is a subclass of HTML::Element. All the other nodes are HTML::Element objects. This utility allows you to omit the HTML:: prefix, so to select any node you can use:

 .Element

which means to select any HTML::Element object (as well as instances of HTML::Element subclasses).

OPTIONS

* marks required options.

Main options

--count

Shortcut for --node-action count.

See --node-action.

--dump

Shortcut for --node-action dump.

See --node-action.

--eval=s@

--eval E is shortcut for --action eval:E.

See --node-action.

Can be specified multiple times.

--expr=s
--file=s

Default value:

 "-"
--node-action=s@

Specify action(s) to perform on matching nodes.

Default value:

 ["print_as_string"]

Each action can be one of the following:

* `count` will print the number of matching nodes.

* `print_method` will call on or more of the node object's methods and print the result. Example:

    print_method:as_string

* `dump` will show a indented text representation of the node and its descendants. Each line will print information about a single node: its class, followed by the value of one or more attributes. You can specify which attributes to use in a dot-separated syntax, e.g.:

    dump:tag.id.class

  which will result in a node printed like this:

    HTML::Element tag=p id=undef class=undef

By default, if no attributes are specified, `id` is used. If the node class does not support the attribute, or if the value of the attribute is undef, then `undef` is shown.

* `eval` will execute Perl code for each matching node. The Perl code will be called with arguments: `($node)`. For convenience, `$_` is also locally set to the matching node. Example in <prog:htmlsel> you can add this action:

    eval:'print $_->tag'

  which will print the tag name for each matching <pm:HTML::Element> node.

Can be specified multiple times.

--node-actions-json=s

Specify action(s) to perform on matching nodes (JSON-encoded).

See --node-action.

--node-actions-on-descendants=s

Specify how descendants should be actioned upon.

Default value:

 ""

Valid values:

 ["","descendants_depth_first"]

This option sets how node action is performed (See `node_actions` option).

When set to '' (the default), then only matching nodes are actioned upon.

When set to 'descendants_depth_first', then after each matching node is actioned upon by an action, the descendants of the matching node are also actioned, in depth-first order. This option is sometimes necessary e.g. when your node's `as_string()` method shows a node's string representation that does not include its descendants.

--print

Shortcut for --node-action print_as_string.

See --node-action.

--print-method=s@

--print-method M is shortcut for --node-action print_method:M.

See --node-action.

Can be specified multiple times.

--root

Shortcut for --select-action=root.

See --select-action.

--select-action=s

Specify how we should select nodes.

Default value:

 "csel"

Valid values:

 ["csel","root"]

The default is `csel`, which will select nodes from the tree using the CSel expression. Note that the root node itself is not included. For more details on CSel expression, refer to <pm:Data::CSel>.

`root` will return a single node which is the root node.

-R

Shortcut for --node-action-on-descendants=descendants_depth_first.

See --node-actions-on-descendants.

Output options

--format=s

Choose output format, e.g. json, text.

Default value:

 undef
--json

Set output format to json.

--naked-res

When outputing as JSON, strip result envelope.

Default value:

 0

By default, when outputing as JSON, the full enveloped result is returned, e.g.:

    [200,"OK",[1,2,3],{"func.extra"=>4}]

The reason is so you can get the status (1st element), status message (2nd element) as well as result metadata/extra result (4th element) instead of just the result (3rd element). However, sometimes you want just the result, e.g. when you want to pipe the result for more post-processing. In this case you can use `--naked-res` so you just get:

    [1,2,3]
--page-result

Filter output through a pager.

Other options

--help, -h, -?

Display help message and exit.

--version, -v

Display program's version and exit.

COMPLETION

This script has shell tab completion capability with support for several shells.

bash

To activate bash completion for this script, put:

 complete -C htmlsel htmlsel

in your bash startup (e.g. ~/.bashrc). Your next shell session will then recognize tab completion for the command. Or, you can also directly execute the line above in your shell to activate immediately.

It is recommended, however, that you install modules using cpanm-shcompgen which can activate shell completion for scripts immediately.

tcsh

To activate tcsh completion for this script, put:

 complete htmlsel 'p/*/`htmlsel`/'

in your tcsh startup (e.g. ~/.tcshrc). Your next shell session will then recognize tab completion for the command. Or, you can also directly execute the line above in your shell to activate immediately.

It is also recommended to install shcompgen (see above).

other shells

For fish and zsh, install shcompgen as described above.

HOMEPAGE

Please visit the project's homepage at https://metacpan.org/release/App-htmlsel.

SOURCE

Source repository is at https://github.com/perlancar/perl-App-htmlsel.

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=App-htmlsel

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

SEE ALSO

Data::CSel

html-css-sel (from App::html::css::sel), similar utility to select HTML tree nodes but using CSS Selector syntax instead of CSel syntax. It's what people normally use.

Other utilities that use CSel against various data: ddsel, jsonsel, orgsel, podsel, ppisel, yamlsel.

AUTHOR

perlancar <perlancar@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2020, 2019 by perlancar@cpan.org.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.