Time::Simple - A simple, light-weight ISO 8601 time object.


        use Time::Simple;
        my $time   = Time::Simple->new('23:24:59');
        my $hour   = $time->hours;
        my $minute = $time->minutes;
        my $second = $time->seconds;

        my $time2  = Time::Simple->new($hour, $minute, $second);

        my $now = Time::Simple->new;
        my $nexthour = $now + (60*60);
        print "An hour from now is $nexthour.\n";

        if ($nexthour->hour > 23) {
                print "It'll be tomorrow within the next hour!\n";

        # You can also do this:
        ($time cmp "23:24:25")
        # ...and this:
        ($time <=> [23, 24, 25])

        $time++; # Add a second
        $time--; # Subtract a second

        # Seconds of difference:
        $seconds = Time::Simple->new("00:00:02")
                 - Time::Simple->new("00:00:01");

        my $now  = Time::Simple->new;
        # A minute from now:
        my $then = Time::Simple->new( $now + 60 );
        # Or:
        my $soon = Time::Simple->new( '00:01:00' );


A simple, light-weight time object.

This version should be considered an alpha developer release.

How do you think this moudle should handle return values of multiplacation, where the return value would be greater than 23:59:59?


Attempting to create an invalid time with this module will return undef rather than an object.

Some operations can produce fatal errors: these can be replaced by warnings and the return of undef by switching the value of $FATALS:

        $Time::Simple::FATALS = undef;

You will then only get warnings to STDERR, and even then only if you asked perl for warnings with use warnings or by setting $^W either directly or with the -w command-line switch.


None by default.



    $_ = Time::Simple->new('21:10:09');
    $_ = Time::Simple->new( 11,10, 9 );
    Time::Simple->new() == Time::Simple->new( time() );

The constructor new returns a Time::Simple object if the supplied values specify a valid time, otherwise returns undef.

Valid times are either as supplied by the time, or in ISO 8601 format. In the latter case, the values may be supplied as a colon-delimited scalar, as a list, or as an anonymous array.

If nothing is supplied to the constructor, the current local time will be used.



    my $will_be_by_one_second = $now->next;

Returns the next time by incrementing the caller's time by one second.


    my $was_by_one_second = $now->prev;

Returns the last time by decrementing the caller's time by one second.


    my $hr = $time->hour;

The hour. Alias: hours.

METHOD minute

    my $min = $time->minute;

The minutes. Alias: minutes.

METHOD second

    my $sec = $time->second;

The seconds. Alias: seconds.


Returns a string representing the time, in the format specified. If you don't pass a parameter, an ISO 8601 formatted time is returned.

    $date->format("%H hours, %M minutes, and %S seconds");

The formatting parameter is as you would pass to strftime(3): "strftime" in POSIX.


Some operators can be used with Time::Simple objects:

+= -=

You can increment or decrement a time by a number of seconds using the += and -= operators

+ -

You can construct new times offset by a number of seconds using the + and - operators.


You can subtract two times ($t1 - $t2) to find the number of seconds between them.


You can compare two times using the arithmetic and/or string comparison operators: lt le ge gt < <= >= >.


You can interpolate a time instance directly into a string, in the format specified by ISO 8601 (eg: 23:24:25).


You can multiply a time by a number: 00:00:30 * 2 = 00:01:00.


You can divide a time by a number: 00:02:00 * 2 = 00:01:00.


Illegal octal digit ....

You probably used an anonymous array and prefixed a number with a leading zero, as you would if you supplied a scalar string: [11,10,09].


Suggestions welcome. How should operators not mentioend behave? Can one verbar times?


Time::HiRes, Date::Time, Date::Simple, "localtime" in perlfunc, "time" in perlfunc. "strftime" in POSIX, "mktime" in POSIX.


Version 0.05 Sun 02 July 16:52 2006 - Added multiply and division


This module is a rewrite of Marty Pauley's excellent and very useful Date::Simple object. If you're reading, Marty: many thanks. For support, though, please contact Lee Goddard (lgoddard -at- cpan -dot- org) or use

Thanks to Zsolt for testing, and 'Agent' for the patch.


Lee Goddard (lgoddard -at- cpan -dot- org) after Marty Pauley.


Copyright (C) 2006 Lee Goddard. Parts Copyright (C) 2001, Kasei.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: a) the GNU General Public License; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. b) the Perl Artistic License.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

3 POD Errors

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 449:

Expected text after =item, not a bullet

Around line 462:

'=item' outside of any '=over'

Around line 467:

You forgot a '=back' before '=head1'