SNMP::Info::CDP - SNMP Interface to Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) using SNMP


Max Baker


 my $cdp = new SNMP::Info (
                             AutoSpecify => 1,
                             Debug       => 1,
                             DestHost    => 'router',
                             Community   => 'public',
                             Version     => 2

 my $class = $cdp->class();
 print " Using device sub class : $class\n";

 $hascdp   = $cdp->hasCDP() ? 'yes' : 'no';

 # Print out a map of device ports with CDP neighbors:
 my $interfaces   = $cdp->interfaces();
 my $cdp_if       = $cdp->cdp_if();
 my $cdp_ip       = $cdp->cdp_ip();
 my $cdp_port     = $cdp->cdp_port();

 foreach my $cdp_key (keys %$cdp_ip){
    my $iid           = $cdp_if->{$cdp_key};
    my $port          = $interfaces->{$iid};
    my $neighbor      = $cdp_ip->{$cdp_key};
    my $neighbor_port = $cdp_port->{$cdp_key};
    print "Port : $port connected to $neighbor / $neighbor_port\n";


SNMP::Info::CDP is a subclass of SNMP::Info that provides an object oriented interface to CDP information through SNMP.

CDP is a Layer 2 protocol that supplies topology information of devices that also speak CDP, mostly switches and routers. CDP is implemented by Cisco and several other vendors.

Create or use a device subclass that inherits this class. Do not use directly.

Each device implements a subset of the global and cache entries. Check the return value to see if that data is held by the device.

Inherited Classes


Required MIBs



These are methods that return scalar values from SNMP


Is CDP is active in this device?

Accounts for SNMP version 1 devices which may have CDP but not cdp_run()


Is CDP enabled on this device? Note that a lot of Cisco devices that implement CDP don't implement this value. @#%$!



Interval in seconds at which CDP messages are generated.



Time in seconds that CDP messages are kept.



Returns CDP device ID.

This is the device id broadcast via CDP to other devices, and is what is retrieved from remote devices with $cdp->id().



These are methods that return tables of information in the form of a reference to a hash.



Returns Device Functional Capabilities. Results are munged into an ascii binary string, MSB. Each digit represents a bit from the table below from the CDP Capabilities Mapping to Smartport Type table within the Cisco Small Business 200 Series Smart Switch Administration Guide,

(Bit) - Description

(0x400) - Two-Port MAC Relay.
(0x200) - CAST Phone Port / CVTA / Supports-STP-Dispute depending upon platform.
(0x100) - Remotely-Managed Device.
(0x80) - VoIP Phone.
(0x40) - Provides level 1 functionality.
(0x20) - The bridge or switch does not forward IGMP Report packets on non router ports.
(0x10) - Sends and receives packets for at least one network layer protocol. If the device is routing the protocol, this bit should not be set.
(0x08) - Performs level 2 switching. The difference between this bit and bit 0x02 is that a switch does not run the Spanning-Tree Protocol. This device is assumed to be deployed in a physical loop-free topology.
(0x04) - Performs level 2 source-route bridging. A source-route bridge would set both this bit and bit 0x02.
(0x02) - Performs level 2 transparent bridging.
(0x01) - Performs level 3 routing for at least one network layer protocol.

Thanks to Martin Lorensen for a pointer to the original information and CPAN user Alex for updates.



Returns remote VTP Management Domain as defined in CISCO-VTP-MIB::managementDomainName



Returns the port duplex status from remote devices.



Returns remote device id string



Returns the mapping to the SNMP Interface Table.

Note that a lot devices don't implement $cdp->cdp_index(), So if it isn't around, we fake it.

In order to map the cdp table entry back to the interfaces() entry, we truncate the last number off of it :

  # it exists, yay.
  my $cdp_index     = $device->cdp_index();
  return $cdp_index if defined $cdp_index;

  # if not, let's fake it
  my $cdp_ip       = $device->cdp_ip();

  my %cdp_if
  foreach my $key (keys %$cdp_ip){
      $iid = $key;
      ## Truncate off .1 from cdp response
      $iid =~ s/\.\d+$//;
      $cdp_if{$key} = $iid;

  return \%cdp_if;

Returns the mapping to the SNMP2 Interface table for CDP Cache Entries.

Most devices don't implement this, so you probably want to use $cdp->cdp_if() instead.

See cdp_if() entry.



If $cdp->cdp_proto() is supported, returns remote IPV4 address only. Otherwise it will return all addresses.



Returns remote address



Returns remote platform id



Returns remote Port-ID. Most of the time this is a string with the port name, but this is not guaranteed to be so.



Returns remote address type received. Usually IP.



Returns remote hardware version



Returns the remote interface native VLAN.



Returns the amount of power consumed by remote device in milliwatts munged for decimal placement.



Returns hash of arrays with each array containing the system capabilities supported by the remote system. Possible elements in the array are Router, Trans-Bridge, Source-Route-Bridge, Switch, Host, IGMP, Repeater, VoIP-Phone, Remotely-Managed-Device, Supports-STP-Dispute, and Two-port Mac Relay.

Data Munging Callback Subroutines


Inserts a decimal at the proper location.