Plasp::Response - $Response Object


  use Plasp::Response;

  my $resp = Plasp::Response->new(asp => $asp);
  $resp->Write('<h1>Hello World!</h1>');
  my $body = $resp->Output;


This object manages the output from the ASP Application and the client web browser. It does not store state information like the $Session object but does have a wide array of methods to call.



API extension. This is a perl reference to the buffered output of the $Response object, and can be used in the Script_OnFlush global.asa event to modify the buffered output at runtime to apply global changes to scripts output without having to modify all the scripts. These changes take place before content is flushed to the client web browser.

  sub Script_OnFlush {
    my $ref = $Response->{BinaryRef};
    $$ref =~ s/\s+/ /sg; # to strip extra white space

Default "private", when set to public allows proxy servers to cache the content. This setting controls the value set in the HTTP header Cache-Control


This member when set appends itself to the value of the Content-Type HTTP header. If $Response->{Charset} = 'ISO-LATIN-1' is set, the corresponding header would look like:

  Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-LATIN-1

Default "text/html". Sets the MIME type for the current response being sent to the client. Sent as an HTTP header.


Sends a response header to the client indicating the $time in SECONDS in which the document should expire. A time of 0 means immediate expiration. The header generated is a standard HTTP date like: "Wed, 09 Feb 1994 22:23:32 GMT".


Sends a response header to the client with $date being an absolute time to expire. Formats accepted are all those accepted by HTTP::Date::str2time(), e.g.


If true, HTML forms generated by the script output will be auto filled with data from $Request->Form. This feature requires HTML::FillInForm to be installed. Please see the FormFill CONFIG for more information.

This setting overrides the FormFill config at runtime for the script execution only.


This is a carryover from Apache::ASP. However, Plack won't be able to detect this so we will assume that the client is always connected. This will just be true always for compatibility.


Sets the status code returned by the server. Can be used to set messages like 500, internal server error


$Response->AddHeader($name, $value)

Adds a custom header to a web page. Headers are sent only before any text from the main page is sent.


Adds $message to the server log. Useful for debugging.


Writes binary data to the client. The only difference from $Response->Write() is that $Response->Flush() is called internally first, so the data cannot be parsed as an html header. Flushing flushes the header if has not already been written.

If you have set the $Response->{ContentType} to something other than text/html, cgi header parsing (see CGI notes), will be automatically be turned off, so you will not necessarily need to use BinaryWrite for writing binary data.


Erases buffered ASP output.

$Response->Cookies($name, [$key,] $value)

Sets the key or attribute of cookie with name $name to the value $value. If $key is not defined, the Value of the cookie is set. ASP CookiePath is assumed to be / in these examples.

  $Response->Cookies('name', 'value');
  # Set-Cookie: name=value; path=/

  $Response->Cookies("Test", "data1", "test value");
  $Response->Cookies("Test", "data2", "more test");
    "Test", "Expires",
  $Response->Cookies("Test", "Secure", 1);
  $Response->Cookies("Test", "Path", "/");
  $Response->Cookies("Test", "Domain", "");
  # Set-Cookie:Test=data1=test%20value&data2=more%20test; \
  #   expires=Fri, 23 Apr 1999 07:19:52 GMT;              \
  #   path=/;; secure

The latter use of $key in the cookies not only sets cookie attributes such as Expires, but also treats the cookie as a hash of key value pairs which can later be accesses by

  $Request->Cookies('Test', 'data1');
  $Request->Cookies('Test', 'data2');

Because this is perl, you can (though it's not portable!) reference the cookies directly through hash notation. The same 5 commands above could be compressed to:

  $Response->{Cookies}{Test} = {
    Secure  => 1,
    Value   => {
      data1 => 'test value',
      data2 => 'more test'
    Expires => 86400, # not portable, see above
    Domain  => '',
    Path    => '/'

and the first command would be:

  # you don't need to use hash notation when you are only setting
  # a simple value
  $Response->{Cookies}{'Test Name'} = 'Test Value';

I prefer the hash notation for cookies, as this looks nice, and is quite perl-ish. It is here to stay. The Cookie() routine is very complex and does its best to allow access to the underlying hash structure of the data. This is the best emulation I could write trying to match the Collections functionality of cookies in IIS ASP.

For more information on Cookies, please go to the source at


API Extension. If the Debug config option is set greater than 0, this routine will write @args out to server error log. Refs in @args will be expanded one level deep, so data in simple data structures like one-level hash refs and array refs will be displayed. CODE refs like

  $Response->Debug(sub { "some value" });

will be executed and their output added to the debug output. This extension allows the user to tie directly into the debugging capabilities of this module.

While developing an app on a production server, it is often useful to have a separate error log for the application to catch debugging output separately.

If you want further debugging support, like stack traces in your code, consider doing things like:

  $Response->Debug( sub { Carp::longmess('debug trace') };
  $SIG{__WARN__} = \&Carp::cluck; # then warn() will stack trace

The only way at present to see exactly where in your script an error occurred is to set the Debug config directive to 2, and match the error line number to perl script generated from your ASP script.

However, as of version 0.10, the perl script generated from the asp script should match almost exactly line by line, except in cases of inlined includes, which add to the text of the original script, pod comments which are entirely yanked out, and <% # comment %> style comments which have a \n added to them so they still work.


Sends result to client, and immediately exits script. Automatically called at end of script, if not already called.


Sends buffered output to client and clears buffer.

$Response->Include($filename, @args)

This API extension calls the routine compiled from asp script in $filename with the args @args. This is a direct translation of the SSI tag

  <!--#include file=$filename args=@args-->

Please see the SSI section for more on SSI in general.

This API extension was created to allow greater modularization of code by allowing includes to be called with runtime arguments. Files included are compiled once, and the anonymous code ref from that compilation is cached, thus including a file in this manner is just like calling a perl subroutine. The @args can be found in @_ in the includes like:

  <% my @args = @_; %>

As of 2.23, multiple return values can be returned from an include like:

  my @rv = $Response->Include($filename, @args);
$Response->Include(\$script_text, @args)

Added in Apache::ASP 2.11, this method allows for executing ASP scripts that are generated dynamically by passing in a reference to the script data instead of the file name. This works just like the normal $Response->Include() API, except a string reference is passed in instead of a filename. For example:

    my $script = "<\% print 'TEST'; %\>";

This include would output TEST. Note that tokens like <% and %> must be escaped so Apache::ASP does not try to compile those code blocks directly when compiling the original script. If the $script data were fetched directly from some external resource like a database, then these tokens would not need to be escaped at all as in:

    my $script = $dbh->selectrow_array(
       "select script_text from scripts where script_id = ?",
       undef, $script_id

This method could also be used to render other types of dynamic scripts, like XML docs using XMLSubs for example, though for complex runtime XML rendering, one should use something better suited like XSLT.


Sends the client a command to go to a different url $url. Script immediately ends.

$Response->TrapInclude($file, @args)

Calls $Response->Include() with same arguments as passed to it, but instead traps the include output buffer and returns it as as a perl string reference. This allows one to postprocess the output buffer before sending to the client.

  my $string_ref = $Response->TrapInclude('');
  $$string_ref =~ s/\s+/ /sg; # squash whitespace like Clean 1
  print $$string_ref;

The data is returned as a referenece to save on what might be a large string copy. You may dereference the data with the $$string_ref notation.


Write output to the HTML page. <%=$data%> syntax is shorthand for a $Response->Write($data). All final output to the client must at some point go through this method.