OAuth::Cmdline - OAuth2 for command line applications using web services


version 0.07


      # Use a site-specific class instead of the parent class, see
      # description below for generic cases

    my $oauth = OAuth::Cmdline::GoogleDrive->new( );


OAuth::Cmdline helps standalone command line scripts to deal with web services requiring OAuth access tokens.


While OAuth::Cmdline has been envisioned to work with various OAuth-controlled web services, it is currently tested with the following services, shown below with their subclasses:

OAuth::Cmdline::GoogleDrive - Google Drive
OAuth::Cmdline::Spotify - Spotify
OAuth::Cmdline::MicrosoftOnline - Azure AD and other OAuth2-authenticated services that use the Microsoft Online common authentication endpoint (tested with Azure AD via the Graph API)
OAuth::Cmdline::Automatic - car plugin
OAuth::Cmdline::Youtube - Youtube viewer reports
OAuth::Cmdline::Smartthings - Smartthings API

If you want to use this module for a different service, go ahead and try it, it might just as well work. In this case, specify the site parameter, which determines the name of the cache file with the access token and other settings in your home directory:

      # Will use standard OAuth techniques and save your
      # tokens in ~/
    my $oauth = OAuth::Cmdline->new( site => "some-other-site" );


To obtain the initial set of access and refresh tokens from the OAuth-controlled site, you need to register your command line app with the site and you'll get a "Client ID" and a "Client Secret" in return. Also, the site's SDK will point out the "Login URI" and the "Token URI" to be used with the particular service. Then, run the following script (the example uses the Spotify web service)

    use OAuth::Cmdline;
    use OAuth::Cmdline::Mojo;

    my $oauth = OAuth::Cmdline::GoogleDrive->new(
        login_uri     => "",
        token_uri     => "",
        scope         => "user-read-private",
    my $app = OAuth::Cmdline::Mojo->new(
        oauth => $oauth,
    $app->start( 'daemon', '-l', $oauth->local_uri );

and point a browser to the URL displayed at startup. Clicking on the link displayed will take you to the OAuth-controlled site, where you need to log in and allow the app access to the user data, following the flow provided on the site. The site will then redirect to the web server started by the script, which will receive an initial access token with an expiration date and a refresh token from the site, and store it locally in the cache file in your home directory (~/.sitename.yml).


Once the cache file has been initialized, the application can use the access_token() method in order to get a valid access token. If OAuth::Cmdline finds out that the cached access token is expired, it'll automatically refresh it for you behind the scenes.

OAuth::Cmdline also offers a convenience function for providing a hash with authorization headers for use with LWP::UserAgent:

    my $resp = $ua->get( $url, $oauth->authorization_headers );

This will create an "Authorization" header based on the access token and include it in the request to the web service.

Public Methods


Instantiate a new OAuth::Cmdline::XXX object. XXX stands for the specific site's implementation, and can be "GoogleDrive" or one of the other subclasses listed above.


Returns the HTTP header name and value the specific site requires for authentication. For example, in GoogleDrive's case, the values are:

    AuthorizationBearer xxxxx.yyy

The method is used to pass the authentication header key and value to an otherwise unauthenticated web request, like

    my $resp = $ua->get( $url, $oauth->authorization_headers );

(Internal) Check if the access token is expired and will be refreshed on the next call of authorization_headers().


Force the expiration of the access token, so that the next request obtains a new one.


Mike Schilli <>


This software is copyright (c) 2022 by Mike Schilli.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.