DateTime::Tiny - A date object, with as little code as possible
# Create a date manually
$christmas = DateTime::Tiny->new(
year => 2006,
month => 12,
day => 25,
hour => 10,
minute => 45,
second => 0,
# Show the current date
my $now = DateTime::Tiny->now;
print "Year : " . $now->year . "\n";
print "Month : " . $now->month . "\n";
print "Day : " . $now->day . "\n";
print "Hour : " . $now->hour . "\n";
print "Minute : " . $now->minute . "\n";
print "Second : " . $now->second . "\n";
DateTime::Tiny is a most prominent member of the DateTime::Tiny suite of time modules.
It implements an extremely lightweight object that represents a datetime.
Many CPAN modules which provide the best implementation of a certain concepts are very large. For some reason, this generally seems to be about 3 megabyte of ram usage to load the module.
For a lot of the situations in which these large and comprehensive implementations exist, some people will only need a small fraction of the functionality, or only need this functionality in an ancillary role.
The aim of the Tiny modules is to implement an alternative to the large module that implements a useful subset of their functionality, using as little code as possible.
Typically, this means a module that implements between 50% and 80% of the features of the larger module (although this is just a guideline), but using only 100 kilobytes of code, which is about 1/30th of the larger module.
Due to the inherent complexity, Date and Time is intrinsically very difficult to implement properly.
The arguably only module to implement it completely correct is DateTime. However, to implement it properly DateTime is quite slow and requires 3-4 megabytes of memory to load.
The challenge in implementing a Tiny equivalent to DateTime is to do so without making the functionality critically flawed, and to carefully select the subset of functionality to implement.
If you look at where the main complexity and cost exists, you will find that it is relatively cheap to represent a date or time as an object, but much much more expensive to modify, manipulate or convert the object.
As a result, DateTime::Tiny provides the functionality required to represent a date as an object, to stringify the date and to parse it back in, but does not allow you to modify the dates.
The purpose of this is to allow for date object representations in situations like log parsing and fast real-time type work.
The problem with this is that having no ability to modify date limits the usefulness greatly.
To make up for this, if you have DateTime installed, any DateTime::Tiny module can be inflated into the equivalent DateTime as needing, loading DateTime on the fly if necessary.
This is somewhat similar to DateTime::LazyInit, but unlike that module DateTime::Tiny objects are not modifiable.
For the purposes of date/time logic, all DateTime::Tiny objects exist in the "C" locale, and the "floating" time zone. This may be improved in the future if a suitably tiny way of handling timezones is found.
When converting up to full DateTime objects, these locale and time zone settings will be applied (although an ability is provided to override this).
In addition, the implementation is strictly correct and is intended to be very easily to sub-class for specific purposes of your own.
In general, the intent is that the API be as close as possible to the API for DateTime. Except, of course, that this module implements less of it.
my $date = DateTime::Tiny->new(
year => 2006,
month => 12,
day => 31,
hour => 10,
minute => 45,
second => 32,
The new constructor creates a new DateTime::Tiny object.
It takes six named parameters. day should be the day of the month (1-31), month should be the month of the year (1-12), year as a 4 digit year. hour should be the hour of the day (0-23), minute should be the minute of the hour (0-59) and second should be the second of the minute (0-59).
These are the only parameters accepted.
Returns a new DateTime::Tiny object.
my $current_date = DateTime::Tiny->now;
The now method creates a new date object for the current date.
The date created will be based on localtime, despite the fact that the date is created in the floating time zone.
The year accessor returns the 4-digit year for the date.
The month accessor returns the 1-12 month of the year for the date.
The day accessor returns the 1-31 day of the month for the date.
The hour accessor returns the hour component of the time as an integer from zero to twenty-three (0-23) in line with 24-hour time.
The minute accessor returns the minute component of the time as an integer from zero to fifty-nine (0-59).
The second accessor returns the second component of the time as an integer from zero to fifty-nine (0-59).
The ymdhms method returns the most common and accurate stringified date format, which returns in the form "2006-04-12T23:59:59".
The from_string method creates a new DateTime::Tiny object from a string.
The string is expected to be an ISO 8601 combined date and time, with separators (including the 'T' separator) and no time zone designator. No other ISO 8601 formats are supported.
my $almost_midnight = DateTime::Tiny->from_string( '2006-12-20T23:59:59' );
Returns a new DateTime::Tiny object, or throws an exception on error.
The as_string method converts the date to the default string, which at present is the same as that returned by the ymdhms method above.
This string conforms to the ISO 8601 standard for the encoding of a combined date and time as a string, without time-zone designator.
The DateTime method is used to create a DateTime object that is equivalent to the DateTime::Tiny object, for use in conversions and calculations.
As mentioned earlier, the object will be set to the 'C' locale, and the 'floating' time zone.
If installed, the DateTime module will be loaded automatically.
Returns a DateTime object, or throws an exception if DateTime is not installed on the current host.
This module was written by Adam Kennedy in 2006. In 2016, David Golden adopted it as a caretaker maintainer.
DateTime, Date::Tiny, Time::Tiny, Config::Tiny, ali.as
Please report any bugs or feature requests through the issue tracker at https://github.com/dagolden/DateTime-Tiny/issues. You will be notified automatically of any progress on your issue.
This is open source software. The code repository is available for public review and contribution under the terms of the license.
git clone https://github.com/dagolden/DateTime-Tiny.git
Adam Kennedy <email@example.com>
David Golden <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Ken Williams <Ken.Williams@WindLogics.com>
Nigel Gregoire <email@example.com>
This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Adam Kennedy.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
To install DateTime::Tiny, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.