Class::Inspector - Get information about a class and its structure
# Is a class installed and/or loaded
Class::Inspector->installed( 'Foo::Class' );
Class::Inspector->loaded( 'Foo::Class' );
# Filename related information
Class::Inspector->filename( 'Foo::Class' );
Class::Inspector->resolved_filename( 'Foo::Class' );
# Get subroutine related information
Class::Inspector->functions( 'Foo::Class' );
Class::Inspector->function_refs( 'Foo::Class' );
Class::Inspector->function_exists( 'Foo::Class', 'bar' );
Class::Inspector->methods( 'Foo::Class', 'full', 'public' );
# Find all loaded subclasses or something
Class::Inspector->subclasses( 'Foo::Class' );
Class::Inspector allows you to get information about a loaded class. Most or all of this information can be found in other ways, but they aren't always very friendly, and usually involve a relatively high level of Perl wizardry, or strange and unusual looking code. Class::Inspector attempts to provide an easier, more friendly interface to this information.
my $bool = Class::Inspector->installed($class);
The installed static method tries to determine if a class is installed on the machine, or at least available to Perl. It does this by wrapping around resolved_filename.
Returns true if installed/available, false if the class is not installed, or undef if the class name is invalid.
my $bool = Class::Inspector->loaded($class);
The loaded static method tries to determine if a class is loaded by looking for symbol table entries.
This method it uses to determine this will work even if the class does not have its own file, but is contained inside a single file with multiple classes in it. Even in the case of some sort of run-time loading class being used, these typically leave some trace in the symbol table, so an Autoload or Class::Autouse-based class should correctly appear loaded.
Returns true if the class is loaded, false if not, or undef if the class name is invalid.
my $filename = Class::Inspector->filename($class);
For a given class, returns the base filename for the class. This will NOT be a fully resolved filename, just the part of the filename BELOW the @INC entry.
print Class->filename( 'Foo::Bar' );
This filename will be returned with the right separator for the local platform, and should work on all platforms.
Returns the filename on success or undef if the class name is invalid.
my $filename = Class::Inspector->resolved_filename($class);
my $filename = Class::Inspector->resolved_filename($class, @try_first);
For a given class, the resolved_filename static method returns the fully resolved filename for a class. That is, the file that the class would be loaded from.
This is not necessarily the file that the class WAS loaded from, as the value returned is determined each time it runs, and the @INC include path may change.
To get the actual file for a loaded class, see the loaded_filename method.
Returns the filename for the class, or undef if the class name is invalid.
my $filename = Class::Inspector->loaded_filename($class);
For a given loaded class, the loaded_filename static method determines (via the %INC hash) the name of the file that it was originally loaded from.
Returns a resolved file path, or false if the class did not have it's own file.
my $arrayref = Class::Inspector->functions($class);
For a loaded class, the functions static method returns a list of the names of all the functions in the classes immediate namespace.
Note that this is not the METHODS of the class, just the functions.
Returns a reference to an array of the function names on success, or undef if the class name is invalid or the class is not loaded.
my $arrayref = Class::Inspector->function_refs($class);
For a loaded class, the function_refs static method returns references to all the functions in the classes immediate namespace.
Returns a reference to an array of CODE refs of the functions on success, or undef if the class is not loaded.
my $bool = Class::Inspector->function_exists($class, $functon);
Given a class and function name the function_exists static method will check to see if the function exists in the class.
Note that this is as a function, not as a method. To see if a method exists for a class, use the can method for any class or object.
Returns true if the function exists, false if not, or undef if the class or function name are invalid, or the class is not loaded.
my $arrayref = Class::Inspector->methods($class, @options);
For a given class name, the methods static method will returns ALL the methods available to that class. This includes all methods available from every class up the class' @ISA tree.
Returns a reference to an array of the names of all the available methods on success, or undef if the class name is invalid or the class is not loaded.
A number of options are available to the methods method that will alter the results returned. These should be listed after the class name, in any order.
# Only get public methods
my $method = Class::Inspector->methods( 'My::Class', 'public' );
The public option will return only 'public' methods, as defined by the Perl convention of prepending an underscore to any 'private' methods. The public option will effectively remove any methods that start with an underscore.
The private options will return only 'private' methods, as defined by the Perl convention of prepending an underscore to an private methods. The private option will effectively remove an method that do not start with an underscore.
Note: The public and private options are mutually exclusive
methods normally returns just the method name. Supplying the full option will cause the methods to be returned as the full names. That is, instead of returning [ 'method1', 'method2', 'method3' ], you would instead get [ 'Class::method1', 'AnotherClass::method2', 'Class::method3' ].
[ 'method1', 'method2', 'method3' ]
[ 'Class::method1', 'AnotherClass::method2', 'Class::method3' ]
The expanded option will cause a lot more information about method to be returned. Instead of just the method name, you will instead get an array reference containing the method name as a single combined name, a la full, the separate class and method, and a CODE ref to the actual function ( if available ). Please note that the function reference is not guaranteed to be available. Class::Inspector is intended at some later time, to work with modules that have some kind of common run-time loader in place ( e.g Autoloader or Class::Autouse for example.
The response from methods( 'Class', 'expanded' ) would look something like the following.
methods( 'Class', 'expanded' )
[ 'Class::method1', 'Class', 'method1', \&Class::method1 ],
[ 'Another::method2', 'Another', 'method2', \&Another::method2 ],
[ 'Foo::bar', 'Foo', 'bar', \&Foo::bar ],
my $arrayref = Class::Inspector->subclasses($class);
The subclasses static method will search then entire namespace (and thus all currently loaded classes) to find all classes that are subclasses of the class provided as a the parameter.
The actual test will be done by calling isa on the class as a static method. (i.e. My::Class->isa($class).
Returns a reference to a list of the loaded classes that match the class provided, or false is none match, or undef if the class name provided is invalid.
http://ali.as/, Class::Handle, Class::Inspector::Functions
Original author: Adam Kennedy <email@example.com>
Current maintainer: Graham Ollis <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Kivanc Yazan (KYZN)
This software is copyright (c) 2002-2019 by Adam Kennedy.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
To install Class::Inspector, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.