Apache::forks - Transparent Apache ithreads integration using forks


This documentation describes version 0.03.


 # Configuration in httpd.conf

 PerlModule Apache::forks  # this should come before all other modules!

Do NOT change anything in your scripts. The usage of this module is transparent.


Transparent Apache ithreads integration using forks. This module enables the ithreads API to be used among multiple processes in a pre-forking Apache http environment.


 Devel::Required (0.07)
 forks (0.26)
 mod_perl (any)
 Test::More (any)


The module should be loaded upon startup of the Apache daemon. You must be using at least Apache httpd 1.3.0 or 2.0 for this module to work correctly.

Add the following line to your httpd.conf:

 PerlModule Apache::forks

or the following to the first PerlRequire script (i.e.

 use Apache::forks;

It is very important to load this module before all other perl modules!

A Common usage is to load the module in a startup file via the PerlRequire directive. See eg/ in this distribution. In this case, be sure that the module is first to load in the startup script, and that the PerlRequre directive to load the startup script is the first mod_perl directive in your httpd.conf file.

Please see the eg/ directory in this distribution for other examples.


mod_perl processes start as detached threads

CGI scripts may behave differently when using forks with mod_perl, depending on how you have implemented threads in your scripts. This is frequently due to the difference in the thread group behavior: every mod_perl handler (process) is already a thread when your CGI starts executing, and all CGIs executing simultaneously on your Apache server are all part of the same application thread group. Your script is no longer executed as the main thread (Thread ID 0); it is just a detached child thread in the executing thread group.

This differs from pure CGI-style execution, where every CGI has its own unique thread group (isolated from all other Apache process handlers) and each CGI always begins execution as the main thread.

threads->list and $thr->join differences in mod_perl

Methods that operate other threads should be treated with care. For example, if you were successfully doing the following in CGI:

 threads->new({'context' => 'scalar'}, sub {...}) for 1..5;
 push @results, $_->join foreach threads->list(threads::running); #<-- don't do this


 threads->new({'context' => 'scalar'}, sub {...}) for 1..5;
 $_->join foreach threads->list(threads::joinable);     #<-- don't do this

the join operation may inadvertantly join threads started by from other Apache handler processes executing threaded code at the same time!

Do the following in mod_perl instead:

 push @my_threads, threads->new({'context' => 'scalar'}, sub {...}) for 1..5;
 push @results, $_->join foreach @my_threads;


 push @my_threads, threads->new({'context' => 'scalar'}, sub {...}) for 1..5;
 $_->join foreach map($_->is_joinable ? $_ : (), @my_threads);

The good news about making such logic changes is that they will work both in CGI and mod_perl modes. If you code all your threaded CGIs in this style, your code should work fine without changes when switching to mod_perl.


Determine why mod_perl appears to skip END blocks of child threads (threads started in an apache-forked handler process) that complete and exit safely. This isn't necessarily harmful, but should be resolved to insure highest level of application and memory stability.


This module will only work with Apache httpd 1.3.0 or newer. This is due to the lack of mod_perl support for PerlChildInitHandler directive. See "mod_perl" in mod_perl for more information regarding this.

For Apache 2.x, this module currently only supports the MPM (Multi-Processing Module) This is due to the architecture of forks, which only supports one perl thread per process.




Provided the general framework to seamlessly load a module and execute a subroutine on init of each Apache child handler process for both Apache 1.3.x and 2.x.


Eric Rybski, <>


Copyright (c) 2007-2008 Eric Rybski <>. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


forks, forks::shared.