Author image Alexander Keusch
and 1 contributors

NAME

Apache2::Imager::Resize - Fixup handler that resizes and crops images on the fly, caching the results, and doesn't require ImageMagick.

SYNOPSIS

  <Files "*.jpg">
    PerlFixupHandler  Apache2::Imager::Resize
    PerlSetVar ImgResizeCacheDir '/var/cache/AIRCache/'
  </Files>

  # or

  <Location "/liveimages">
    PerlHandler Apache2::Imager::Resize
    PerlSetVar ImgResizeNoCache on
    PerlSetVar ImgResizeWidthParam 'w'
    PerlSetVar ImgResizeHeightParam 'h'
  </Location>

  # and on a web page somewhere:

  <img src="image.jpg?w=300;h=200;proportional=0" width="300" height="200">

INTRODUCTION

This is a simple fixup class that only does one job: it resizes images before they're delivered. All you have to do is append either a width and/or a height parameter to any image file address, and AIR will make sure that an appropriately shrunken image file is returned. It caches the results of each operation, so the first request might take a little while but subsequent similar requests should be very quick.

This module is based on the code from Apache::Imager::Resize, which does the same job for Apache 1.x. Some new parameters have been adden, but preexisting parameters are backwards-compatible.

PARAMETERS

Apache2::Imager::Resize understands four query string parameters:

w

width in pixels. You can specify another name with an ImgResizeWidthParam directive.

h

height in pixels. You can specify another name with an ImgResizeHeightParam directive.

reshape

If this is 'crop', we will crop without resizing. The default behaviour is to scale first and then crop to fit the other dimension (see below). If only one dimension is specified, this parameter has no effect. There will be more options here in later versions.

cropto

This can be left, right, top or bottom, and it dictates the part of the picture that is kept when we crop the image. If only one dimension is specified, this parameter has no effect. Future versions will allow combinations of these values.

quality

This should be an integer between 0 and 100. It only affects jpeg images. The default is 60.

enlarge

By default images won't images get scaled up. If you wan't to do this, set enlarge to 1.

cropAR

Overrides the default behaviour of configuration parameter "ImgResizeCropToAspectRatio".

scaletype

Scale type 'min', 'max', 'nonprop'. See "scale" in Imager::Transformations.

qtype

Quality of scaling 'normal', 'preview', 'mixing'. See "scale" in Imager::Transformations.

CONFIGURATION

In many cases, this will suffice:

  <Location "/images">
    PerlFixupHandler  Apache::Imager::Resize
  </Location>

But you can also include one or more of these directives to modify the behaviour of the handler:

ImgResizeCacheDir

Sets the path to a directory that will be used to hold the resized versions of image files. If you don't include this directive, resized images will be stored next to their originals. The supplied value should be relative to your document root, eg:

  <Location "/images">
    PerlFixupHandler  Apache::Imager::Resize
    PerlSetVar ImgResizeCacheDir '/var/cache/AIRCache/'
  </Location>

You can put the cache inside a directory that is handled by AIR without ill effects, though of course it will get a bit odd if you start serving images directly from the cache.

ImgResizeNoCache

If true, this will mean that images are resized for each request and no attempt is made to keep a copy for future use.

ImgResizeWidthParam

Sets the name of the parameter that will be used to specify the width (in pixels) of the returned image. Default is 'w'.

ImgResizeHeightParam

Sets the name of the parameter that will be used to specify the height (in pixels) of the returned image. Default is 'h'.

ImgResizeCropToAspectRatio

If true, the image will be cropped if the specified width and height would lead to a new aspect ratio. Default is '1'. The parameter 'cropAR' can be used to override this behaviour.

ImgResizeQtype

Sets the default value for "qtype".

IMAGE FORMATS

We can work with any image format that Imager can read, which includes all the usual web files and most other bitmaps.

SHRINKING RULES

If only one dimension is specified, we will scale the image to that size,keeping the aspect ratio.

If both dimensions are specified and the combination preserves the aspect ratio of the image, we scale the image to that size.

If there is no 'reshape' parameter, the specified dimensions result in a change of shape and the parameter "proportional" is set to 0, the aspect ratio of the image will be changed.

If there is no 'reshape' parameter, and the specified dimensions result in a change of shape, we will first scale the image to the correct size in the dimension that is changing less, then crop in the other dimension to achieve the right shape and size without distorting the image. You can supply a 'cropto' parameter to specify which part of the image is kept in the cropping step. You can set "ImgResizeCropToAspectRatio" to 0 or the parameter "cropAR" to avoid the cropping of the image.

If the reshape parameter is 'crop', we will crop in both dimensions without scaling the image at all. You can supply a 'cropto' parameter to specify which part of the image is kept. This is likely to yield better quality than scaling, when the original size is close to the target size, but will have less useful results where they're very different.

CACHING AND EFFICIENCY

Unless you've switched the cache off, the handler keeps a copy of every resized file. When a request comes in, we look first for a cached file, and check that it's no older than the original image file.

By default we keep the cache files next to the originals, which can get messy. You can also specify a cache directory, in which the directory structure of your site will be partly recreated as resized images are stored in subdirectories corresponding to the position of their originals in the main filing system. This makes it much easier to prune or discard the cache.

Note that at the moment it is assumed that your image cache will be within your document root. There's no reason why it should have to be, so at some point soon it will be possible to specify a whole page.

Either way, this request:

  <img src="/images/morecambe.jpg?w=120&h=150&cropto=left">

will produce (or use) a cache file named:

  [cachedir]/images/morecambe_120_150_left.jpg

If either dimension is not specified, as is common, the filename will have an x in that position. The cropto parameter is also usually omitted, so this:

  <img src="/images/morecambe.jpg?w=120">

corresponds to this:

  [cachedir]/images/morecambe_120_x.jpg

If neither width nor height is specified we bail out immediately, so the original image will be returned.

There is currently no mechanism for cache cleanup, but we do touch the access date of each file each time it's used (leaving the modification date alone so that it can be to compare with the original file). You could fairly easily set up a cron job to go through your cache directory deleting all the image files that have not been touched for a week or so.

BUGS

No doubt. Reports in rt.cpan.org would be much appreciated.

TODO

  • Accept more than one cropto parameter, eg top and left.

  • tests

SEE ALSO

Imager Apache::ImageMagick Apache::GD::Thumbnail Apache::Imager::Resize

AUTHOR

Alexander Keusch, <kalex at cpan.org>

CONTRIBUTORS

William Ross, <wross at cpan.org> Jozef Kutej, <jkutej at cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.