=head1 NAME

APR::Request - wrapper for libapreq2's module/handle API.


=begin testing
    use APR::Pool;
    use APR::Brigade;
    use APR::Bucket;
    use APR::BucketAlloc;
    use APR::Request;
    use APR::Request::Parser;
    $pool = APR::Pool->new;
    $ba = APR::BucketAlloc->new($pool);
    $bb = APR::Brigade->new($pool, $ba);
    $content = <<EOT;
---XYZ-
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="alpha"
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii

body1
---XYZ-
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="beta" filename="foo.txt"
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii

body2
---XYZ-
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="foo"
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii

body3
---XYZ---
EOT
    s/(?<!\015)\012/\015\012/g for $content;
    $bb->insert_tail(APR::Bucket->new($ba, $content));
    $parser = APR::Request::Parser->multipart($pool, $ba,
                                    "multipart/form-data; boundary=-XYZ-");

=end testing




=head1 SYNOPSIS


=for example begin

  use APR::Request;

  $req = APR::Request::Custom->handle($pool,
                                      "foo=arg1&bar=arg2",
                                      "apache=quux",
                                       $parser, 1e6, $bb);
  $param = $req->param("foo");
  $cookie = $req->jar("apache");

=for example end

=for example_testing
    ok $req->isa("APR::Request");
    is $param, "arg1", "param";
    is $cookie, "quux", "cookie";


=head1 DESCRIPTION

The C<< APR::Request >> module provides the base methods
for interfacing with libapreq2's module API.  It also provides
a few utility functions and constants.

This manpage documents version 2.16
of the APR::Request, APR::Request::Custom,
APR::Request::Cookie::Table, and
APR::Request::Param::Table packages.



=head1 METHODS

APR::Request::Custom - derived from APR::Request.




=head2 handle

    APR::Request::Custom->handle($pool,
                                 $query_string,
                                 $cookie_header,
                                 $parser,
                                 $read_limit,
                                 $brigade)

Creates a new APR::Request::Custom object.  The $query_string
and $cookie_headers are immediately parsed into the C<args> and
C<jar> tables.  The $parser is an APR::Request::Parser object
which is invoked when fetching C<body> entries from the $brigade.
The $read_limit represents the maximum number of bytes this handle
may feed into the parser.





=head1 METHODS

APR::Request




=head2 pool

    $req->pool()

Returns the APR::Pool object associated to this handle.

=for example begin

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is ${$req->pool()}, $$pool, "pool";




=head2 bucket_alloc

    $req->bucket_alloc()

Returns the APR::BucketAlloc object associated to this handle.

=for example begin

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is ${$req->bucket_alloc()}, $$ba, "bucket alloc";




=head2 jar_status

    $req->jar_status()

Returns the final status code of the handle's cookie header parser.

=for example begin

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $req->jar_status == 0, 1, "jar status";




=head2 args_status

    $req->args_status()

Returns the final status code of the handle's query-string parser.

=for example begin

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $req->args_status == 0, 1, "args status";




=head2 body_status

    $req->body_status()

Returns the final status code of the handle's body parser.

=for example begin

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $req->body_status == 0, 1, "body status";




=head2 param_status

    $req->param_status()

Returns C<< ($req->args_status, $req->body_status) >> in list
context; otherwise returns C<< $req->args_status || $req->body_status >>.

=for example begin

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $req->param_status == 0, 1, "param status";




=head2 parse

    $req->parse()

Parses the jar, args, and body tables. Returns
C<< $req->jar_status, $req->args_status, $req->body_status >>.

=for example begin

    @status = $req->parse;
    ok @status == 3;
    ok $status[0] == $req->jar_status;
    ok $status[1] == $req->args_status;
    ok $status[2] == $req->body_status;

=for example end

=for example_testing
    $_ += 0 for @status; # convert to proper IVs
    is "@status", "0 0 0", "parse";




=head2 jar

    $req->jar()
    $req->jar($key)

With no arguments, this method returns a tied APR::Request::Cookie::Table
object (or undef if the "Cookie" header is absent) in scalar context, or 
the names (in order, with repetitions) of all the parsed cookies.

With the C<$key> argument, in scalar context this method fetches the first
matching cookie.  In list context it returns all matching cookies.
The returned cookies are the values as they appeared in the incoming
Cookie header.

jar() will throw an APR::Request::Error object whenever jar_status() 
is non-zero and the return value is potentially invalid (eg
C<< scalar $req->jar($key) >> will not die if the desired cookie
was successfully parsed).


=for example begin

    $jar = $req->jar;
    @cookie_names = $req->jar;
    ok $jar->isa("APR::Request::Cookie::Table");
    ok shift @cookie_names eq $_ for keys %$jar;

    $cookie = $req->jar("apache");
    @cookies = $req->jar("apache");

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $cookie, "quux", "cookie";
    is "@cookies", "quux", "cookies";




=head2 args

    $req->args()
    $req->args($key)

With no arguments, this method returns a tied APR::Request::Param::Table
object (or undef if the query string is absent) in scalar context, or the 
names (in order, with repetitions) of all the parsed query-string arguments.

With the C<$key> argument, in scalar context this method fetches the first
matching query-string arg.  In list context it returns all matching args.

args() will throw an APR::Request::Error object whenever args_status() 
is non-zero and the return value is potentially invalid (eg
C<< scalar $req->args($key) >> will not die if the desired query argument
was successfully parsed).

=for example begin

   $args = $req->args;
   @arg_names = $req->args;
   ok $args->isa("APR::Request::Param::Table");
   ok shift @arg_names eq $_ for keys %$args;

   $foo = $req->args("foo");
   @bar = $req->args("bar");

=for example end

=for example_testing
   is $foo, "arg1", "arg";
   is "@bar", "arg2", "args";




=head2 body

    $req->body()
    $req->body($key)

With no arguments, this method returns a tied APR::Request::Param::Table
object (or undef if the request body is absent) in scalar context, or the 
names (in order, with repetitions) of all the parsed cookies.

With the C<$key> argument, in scalar context this method fetches the first
matching body param.  In list context it returns all matching body params.

body() will throw an APR::Request::Error object whenever body_status() 
is non-zero and the return value is potentially invalid (eg 
C<< scalar $req->body($key) >> will not die if the desired body param was
successfully parsed).

=for example begin

    $body = $req->body;
    @body_names = $req->body;
    ok $body->isa("APR::Request::Param::Table");
    ok shift @body_names eq $_ for keys %$body;

    $alpha = $req->body("alpha");
    @beta = $req->body("beta");

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $alpha, "body1", "alpha body";
    is "@beta", "foo.txt", "beta body";




=head2 param

    $req->param()
    $req->param($key)

With no arguments, this method returns a tied APR::Request::Param::Table
object (or undef, if the query string and request body are absent) in scalar
context, or the names (in order, with repetitions) of all the incoming
(args + body) params.

With the C<$key> argument, in scalar context this method fetches the first
matching param.  In list context it returns all matching params.

param() will throw an APR::Request::Error object whenever param_status() 
is non-zero and the return value is potentially invalid (eg 
C<< scalar $req->param($key) >> will not die if the desired param 
was successfully parsed).

=for example begin

    $param = $req->param;
    @param_names = $req->param;
    ok $param->isa("APR::Request::Param::Table");
    ok shift @param_names eq $_ for keys %$param;

    $foo = $req->param("foo");
    @foo = $req->param("foo");

=for example end

=for example_testing
    is $foo, "arg1", "scalar param";
    is "@foo", "arg1 body3", "list param";




=head2 upload

    $req->upload()
    $req->upload($key)

With no arguments, this method returns a tied APR::Request::Param::Table
object (or undef if the request body is absent) in scalar context (whose
entries are APR::Request::Param objects), or the names (in order, with 
repetitions) of all the incoming uploads.

With the C<$key> argument, in scalar context this method fetches the first
matching upload.  In list context it returns all matching uploads.  The return
values are APR::Request::Param objects.

upload() will throw an APR::Request::Error object whenever body_status() 
is non-zero.


=for example begin

    $uploads = $req->upload;
    @upload_names = $req->upload;
    ok $uploads->isa("APR::Request::Param::Table");
    ok shift @upload_names eq $_ for keys %$uploads;
    ok $_->upload for values %$uploads;

    $up = $req->upload("beta");
    @ups = $req->upload("beta");
    ok $_->isa("APR::Request::Param") for $up, @ups;
    ok $_->upload for $up, @ups;


=for example end

=for example_testing
   is $up, "foo.txt", "scalar upload";
   is "@ups", "foo.txt", "list upload";




=head2 read_limit

    $req->read_limit()
    $req->read_limit($set)


Get/set the read limit, which controls the total amount of
bytes that can be fed to the current parser.




=head2 brigade_limit

    $req->brigade_limit()
    $req->brigade_limit($set)

Get/set the brigade_limit for the current parser.  This limit
determines how many bytes of a file upload that the parser may
spool into main memory.  Uploads exceeding this limit are written
directly to disk.


=head2 temp_dir

    $req->temp_dir()
    $req->temp_dir($set)

Get/set the spool directory for uploads which exceed the configured
brigade_limit.


=head2 disable_uploads

    $req->disable_uploads()

Engage the disable_uploads hook for this request.




=head2 upload_hook

    $req->upload_hook($callback)

Add an upload hook callback for this request.  The
arguments to the $callback sub are ($upload, $new_data).




=head2 import

Exports a list of subs into the caller's package.




=head1 SUBROUTINES

APR::Request




=head2 encode

    encode($string)

Exportable sub which returns the url-encoded form of C<$string>.




=head2 decode

    decode($string)

Exportable sub which returns the url-decoded form of C<$string>.




=head1 SUBCLASSING

APR::Request

If the instances of your subclass are hash references then you can actually
inherit from APR::Request as long as the APR::Request object is stored in
an attribute called "r" or "_r". (The APR::Request class effectively does the
delegation for you automagically, as long as it knows where to find the
APR::Request object to delegate to.)  For example:

	package MySubClass;
	use APR::Request::Custom;
	our @ISA = qw(APR::Request);
	sub new {
            my($class, @args) = @_;
            return bless { r => APR::Request::Custom->handle(@args) }, $class;
	}





=head1 METHODS

  APR::Request::Cookie::Table - read-only version of APR::Table.

Tables in this class normally arise from calls to
C<< APR::Request::jar() >>.




=head2 cookie_class

    $table->cookie_class()
    $table->cookie_class($set)

Get/set the class each table element is blessed into during a
L<get> or L<FETCH> call.  If defined, the class must be derived
from APR::Request::Cookie.  When called with $set, it returns
the $table.  Otherwise it returns the name of the current class,
or undef if no cookie class is defined.



=for example begin
    $jar = $req->jar;
    {
        package FOO;
        use base 'APR::Request::Cookie';
    }
    $jar->cookie_class("FOO");
    ok $_->isa("FOO") for values %$jar;

=for example end

=for example_testing
    $jar->do(sub { ok $_[1]->isa("FOO"); });




=head2 get

    $table->get($key)

Same as FETCH.



=head2 FETCH

    $table->FETCH($key)

In scalar context, this returns the first value matching
$key (note: see NEXTKEY for additional notes).  The match
is always case-insensitive.  In list context, this returns
all matching values.  Note: the type of the return values
depends on the table's current cookie_class.




=head2 EXISTS

Synonym for C<< defined >>; these tables are not
allowed to contain undefined values. Since these
are constant tables, they don't autovivify either.




=head2 FIRSTKEY

    $table->FIRSTKEY()

Returns the first key in the table.




=head2 NEXTKEY

    $table->NEXTKEY()

Returns the next key in the table.  For perl 5.8+,
if the key is multivalued, a subsequent FETCH on
this key will return the corresponding value, until
either NEXTKEY or FIRSTKEY is invoked again.  For
perl 5.6, FETCH always returns the first value.




=head2 do

    $table->do($callback, @keys)

Same as APR::Table::do; iterates over the table
calling $callback->($key, $value) for each matching
@keys.  If @keys is empty, this iterates over the
entire table.

Note: The type of $value inserted into the callback
depends on the table's current cookie_class.




=head1 METHODS

APR::Request::Param::Table




=head2 param_class

    $table->param_class()
    $table->param_class($set)


Get/set the class each table element is blessed into during a
C<get> or C<FETCH> call.  If defined, the class must be derived
from APR::Request::Param.  When called with $set, it returns
the $table.  Otherwise it returns the name of the current class,
or undef if no param class is defined.

=for example begin
    $body = $req->body;
    {
        package BAR;
        use base 'APR::Request::Param';
    }
    $body->param_class("BAR");
    ok $_->isa("BAR") for values %$body;

=for example end

=for example_testing
    $body->do(sub { ok $_[1]->isa("BAR"); });




=head2 get

    $table->get($key)

Same as FETCH.




=head2 FETCH

    $table->FETCH($key)

In scalar context, this returns the first value matching
$key (see NEXTKEY for additional notes on this).  The match
is always case-insensitive.  In list context, this returns
all matching values.  Note: the type of the return values
depends on the table's current param_class.



=head2 EXISTS

Synonym for C<< defined >>; these tables are not
allowed to contain undefined values. Since these
are constant tables, they don't autovivify either.




=head2 NEXTKEY

    $table->NEXTKEY()

Returns the next key in the table.  For perl 5.8+,
if the key is multivalued, a subsequent FETCH on
this key will return the corresponding value, until
either NEXTKEY or FIRSTKEY is invoked again.  For
perl 5.6, FETCH always returns the first value.




=head2 FIRSTKEY

    $table->FIRSTKEY()

Returns the first key in the table.




=head2 do

    $table->do($callback, @keys)

Same as APR::Table::do; iterates over the table
calling $callback->($key, $value) for each matching
@keys.  If @keys is empty, this iterates over the
entire table.

Note: The type of $value inserted into the callback
depends on the table's current value_class.




=head1 SEE ALSO

L<APR::Request::Error>, L<APR::Request::Param>,
L<APR::Request::Cookie>, L<APR::Request::Parser>




=head1 COPYRIGHT

  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.