#
#
package XML::LibXML::Iterator;
$XML::LibXML::Iterator::VERSION = '1.06';
use strict;
use warnings;

use XML::NodeFilter qw(:results);

use vars qw($VERSION);

$VERSION = '1.04';

## no critic
use overload
    '++' => sub { $_[0]->nextNode();     $_[0]; },
    '--' => sub { $_[0]->previousNode(); $_[0]; },
    '<>' => sub { return wantarray ? $_[0]->_get_all() : $_[0]->nextNode(); },
    ;
## use critic

sub new
{
    my $class = shift;
    my $node  = shift;

    return undef unless defined $node;

    my $self = bless {}, $class;

    $self->{FIRST} = $node;

    # $self->first;

    $self->{CURRENT} = undef;
    $self->{INDEX}   = -1;

    $self->{ITERATOR} = \&default_iterator;

    $self->{FILTERS} = [];

    return $self;
}

sub iterator_function
{
    my $self = shift;
    my $func = shift;

    return undef() if defined $func and ref($func) ne "CODE";

    $self->first;
    if ( defined $func )
    {
        $self->{ITERATOR} = $func;
    }
    else
    {
        $self->{ITERATOR} = \&default_iterator;
    }
}

sub set_filter
{
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{FILTERS} = [@_];
}

sub add_filter
{
    my $self = shift;
    push @{ $self->{FILTERS} }, @_;
}

sub current { return $_[0]->{CURRENT}; }
sub index   { return $_[0]->{INDEX}; }

sub next     { return $_[0]->nextNode(); }
sub previous { return $_[0]->previousNode(); }

sub nextNode
{
    my $self    = shift;
    my @filters = @{ $self->{FILTERS} };
    my $node    = undef;

    if ( $self->{INDEX} != -1 )
    {
        my $fv = FILTER_SKIP;
        unless ( scalar @filters > 0 )
        {
            $fv = FILTER_DECLINED;
        }

        while (1)
        {
            $node = $self->{ITERATOR}->( $self, 1 );
            last unless defined $node;
            foreach my $f (@filters)
            {
                $fv = $f->accept_node($node);
                last if $fv;
            }
            last if $fv == FILTER_ACCEPT or $fv == FILTER_DECLINED;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        $node = $self->first();
    }

    if ( defined $node )
    {
        $self->{CURRENT} = $node;
        if ( $node->isSameNode( $self->{FIRST} ) )
        {
            $self->{INDEX} = 0;
        }
        else
        {
            $self->{INDEX}++;
        }
    }

    return $node;
}

sub previousNode
{
    my $self    = shift;
    my @filters = @{ $self->{FILTERS} };
    my $node    = undef;
    my $fv      = FILTER_SKIP;
    unless ( scalar @filters > 0 )
    {
        $fv = FILTER_DECLINED;
    }
    while (1)
    {
        $node = $self->{ITERATOR}->( $self, -1 );
        last unless defined $node;
        foreach my $f (@filters)
        {
            $fv = $f->accept_node($node);
            last if $fv;
        }
        last if $fv == FILTER_ACCEPT or $fv == FILTER_DECLINED;
    }

    if ( defined $node )
    {
        $self->{CURRENT} = $node;
        $self->{INDEX}--;
    }

    return $node;
}

sub first
{
    my $self = shift;
    if ( scalar @_ )
    {
        $self->{FIRST} = shift;
    }

    $self->{CURRENT} = $self->{FIRST};

    # this logic is required if the node is not allowed to be shown
    my @filters = @{ $self->{FILTERS} || [] };
    my $fv      = FILTER_DECLINED;

    foreach my $f (@filters)
    {
        $fv = $f->accept_node( $self->{CURRENT} );
        last if $fv;
    }

    $fv ||= FILTER_ACCEPT;

    unless ( $fv == FILTER_ACCEPT )
    {
        return undef;
    }

    $self->{INDEX} = 0;
    return $self->current;
}

sub last
{
    my $self = shift;
    while ( $self->next ) { }
    return $self->current;
}

sub iterate
{
    my $self     = shift;
    my $function = shift;
    return undef() unless defined $function and ref($function) eq 'CODE';
    my $rv;
    my $node = $self->first;
    while ($node)
    {
        $rv   = $function->( $self, $node );
        $node = $self->next;
    }
    return $rv;
}

sub default_iterator
{
    my $self = shift;
    my $dir  = shift;
    my $node = undef;

    if ( $dir < 0 )
    {
        return undef
            if $self->{CURRENT}->isSameNode( $self->{FIRST} )
            and $self->{INDEX} <= 0;

        $node = $self->{CURRENT}->previousSibling;
        return $self->{CURRENT}->parentNode unless defined $node;

        while ( $node->hasChildNodes )
        {
            $node = $node->lastChild;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        if ( defined $self->{CURRENT} )
        {
            return undef
                if $self->{CURRENT}->isSameNode( $self->{FIRST} )
                and $self->{INDEX} > 0;

            if ( $self->{CURRENT}->hasChildNodes )
            {
                $node = $self->{CURRENT}->firstChild;
            }
            else
            {
                $node = $self->{CURRENT}->nextSibling;
                my $pnode = $self->{CURRENT}->parentNode;
                while ( not defined $node )
                {
                    last unless defined $pnode;
                    $node  = $pnode->nextSibling;
                    $pnode = $pnode->parentNode unless defined $node;
                }
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $self->{CURRENT} = $self->{FIRST};
            $node = $self->{CURRENT};
        }
    }

    return $node;
}

# helper function for the <> operator
# returns all nodes that have not yet been accessed
sub _get_all
{
    my $self   = shift;
    my @retval = ();
    my $node;
    while ( $node = $self->next() )
    {
        push @retval, $node;
    }
    return @retval;
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

XML::LibXML::Iterator - XML::LibXML's Tree Iteration Class

=head1 VERSION

version 1.06

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use XML::LibXML;
  use XML::LibXML::Iterator;

  my $doc = XML::LibXML->new->parse_string( $somedata );
  my $iter= XML::LibXML::Iterator->new( $doc );

  $iter->iterator_function( \&iterator_function );

  # more control on the flow
  while ( $iter->nextNode ) {
      # do something
  }

  # operate on the entire tree
  $iter->iterate( \&callback_function );

=head1 DESCRIPTION

XML::LibXML::Iterator is an iterator class for XML::LibXML parsed
documents. This class allows one to iterate the document tree as it were a
linear data structure. It is possible to step back and forth between
the nodes of the tree and do certain operations on that
nodes. Different to XPath the nodes are not prefetched but will be
calculated for each step. Therefore an iterator is sensible towards
the current state of a document tree on each step, while XPath is only
per query executed.

=head2 What is an iterator?

XML::LibXML offers by default a W3C DOM interface on the parsed XML
documents. This tree has per definition four directions to be
traversed: Up, down, foreward and backward. Therefore a tree can be
considered two dimensional. Although a tree is still one more simple
datastructure it is way to complex for some operations. So the
XML::LibXML::Iterator class breaks the for operations down to only
two: backward and forward. For some people this easier to understand
than DOM or SAX as this follows more the way one actually reads an XML
document.

Therefore an iterator has three basic functions:

=over 4

=item * nextNode()

=item * current()

=item * previousNode()

=back

That's it. With an iterator one does not have to decide when to dive
into a subtree or find a parent. It is not even required to care about
the boundaries of a certain level. The iterator will get the next node
for you until there is no node left to handle.

In short: An iterator will answer the question about what to do next.

=head2 How to use XML::LibXML::Iterator?

XML::LibXML::Iterator requires a parsed document or at least a node to
operate on. This node is passed to the iterator class and will be used
as the B<first> node of the iteration. One can always reset the
iterator to the first node by using the first()-function.

Once XML::LibXML::Iterator is initialized the tree can be traversed by
using either next() or previous(). Both function will return a
XML::LibXML::Node object if there is such object available.

Since the current object hold by the iterator class is always
available via the current() function.

The following example may clarify this:

  # get the document from wherever you like
  my $doc = XML::LibXML->new->parse_stream( *SOMEINPUT );

  # get the iterator for the document root.
  my $iter = XML::LibXML::Iterator->new( $doc->documentElement );

  # walk through the document
  while ( $iter->nextNode() ) {
     my $curnode = $iter->current();
     print $curnode->nodeType();
  }

  # now get back to the beginning
  $iter->first();
  my $curnode = $iter->current();
  print $curnode->nodeType();

Actually the functions nextNode(), previousNode(), first(), last() and
current() do return the node which is current after the
operation. E.g. nextNode() moves to the next node if possible and then
returns the node. Thus the while-loop in the example can be written
as

  while ( $iter->nextNode() ) {
     print $_->nodeType();
  }

Note, that just relieing on the return value of next() and previous()
is somewhat dangerous, because both functions return B<undef> in case
of reaching the iteration boundaries. That means it is not possible
to iterate past the last element or before the first one.

=head2 Node Filters

XML::LibXML::Iterator accepts XML::NodeFilters to limit the nodes made
available to the caller. Any nodefilter applied to
XML::LibXML::Iterator will test if a node returned by the iteration
function is visible to the caller.

Different to the DOM Traversal Specification, XML::LibXML::Iterator
allows filter stacks. This means it is possible to apply more than a
single node filter to your node iterator.

=head2 Complex Iterations

By default XML::LibXML::Iterator will access all nodes of a given DOM
tree. An interation based on the default iterator will access each
single node in the given subtree once. The order how the nodes will be
accessed is given by the following order:

  node -> node's childnodes -> node's next sibling

In combination with XML::Nodefilter this is best for a wide range of
scripts and applications. Nevertheless this is still to restrictive
for some applications. XML::LibXML::Iterator allows one to change that
behaviour. This is done by resetting XML::LibXML::Iterator's iterator
function. By using the method iterator_function() to override the
default iterator function, it is possible to implement iterations
based on any iteration rule imaginable.

A valid iterator function has to take two parameters: As the first
parameter it will receive the iterator object itself, as second the
direction of the iteration will be passed. The direction is either 1
(for next()) or -1 (for previous()). As the iterator-function is
called by next() and previous() the interator-function has to be aware
about the iteration boundaries. In case the iteration would pass the
boundary for that operation, the function has to return
undefined. Also the iterator function has to return the new current node,
instead of setting it itself.

*DEVELOPER NOTE* In order a single stepping is rather limited, the
direction is given by the sign of the passed integer value. The value
of the passed parameter will be used as an indication how many steps
should be done.  Therefor the interation direction should be tested
relative to '0' and not as a equation. A basic template for a iterator
function therefore will look like this:

   sub iterator_func_templ {
      my $iter = shift;
      my $step = shift;
      my $node = undef;
      my $current = $iter->current();

      if ( $step > 0 ) {
          # move forward
      }
      else {
          # move backward
          $step *= -1; # remove the sign
      }

      return $node;
   }

=head2 Repeated Operation

Another feature of XML::LibXML::Iterator is the ability to repeat a
single operation on all nodes in scope. Instead of writing a loop one
can specify the operation as a function, that it applied on each node
found. The function that does the trick, is named iterate().

iterate() takes again two parameter: First the iterator object, second
the node to operate on. iterate() will iterate through the entire
document starting with the first node. If one has already started an
iteration, the internal position will be reset to the first node.

The following example will show how this works:

  $iter->iterate( sub {my ($iter,$node)=@_; map {$iter->setNodeName( lc $iter->nodeName ) if $iter->nodeType != NAMESPACE_DECLARATION } ($node, $node->attributes);  } );

This extra long line lowercases all tagnames and the names of the
attributes in a given subtree.

=head1 METHODS

=over 4

=item * new($first_node)

=item * default_iterator

=item * first()

=item * next()

=item * nextNode()

=item * previous()

=item * previousNode()

=item * last()

=item * current()

=item * index()

=item * iterator_function($funcion_ref)

=item * set_filter(@filter_list)

=item * add_filter(@filter_list)

=item * iterate($function_ref)

=back

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<XML::LibXML::Node>, L<XML::NodeFilter>

=head1 AUTHOR

Christian Glahn, E<lt>phish@cpan.orgE<gt>

=head1 COPYRIGHT

(c) 2002-2007, Christian Glahn. All rights reserved.

This package is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=for :stopwords cpan testmatrix url bugtracker rt cpants kwalitee diff irc mailto metadata placeholders metacpan

=head1 SUPPORT

=head2 Websites

The following websites have more information about this module, and may be of help to you. As always,
in addition to those websites please use your favorite search engine to discover more resources.

=over 4

=item *

MetaCPAN

A modern, open-source CPAN search engine, useful to view POD in HTML format.

L<https://metacpan.org/release/XML-LibXML-Iterator>

=item *

RT: CPAN's Bug Tracker

The RT ( Request Tracker ) website is the default bug/issue tracking system for CPAN.

L<https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=XML-LibXML-Iterator>

=item *

CPANTS

The CPANTS is a website that analyzes the Kwalitee ( code metrics ) of a distribution.

L<http://cpants.cpanauthors.org/dist/XML-LibXML-Iterator>

=item *

CPAN Testers

The CPAN Testers is a network of smoke testers who run automated tests on uploaded CPAN distributions.

L<http://www.cpantesters.org/distro/X/XML-LibXML-Iterator>

=item *

CPAN Testers Matrix

The CPAN Testers Matrix is a website that provides a visual overview of the test results for a distribution on various Perls/platforms.

L<http://matrix.cpantesters.org/?dist=XML-LibXML-Iterator>

=item *

CPAN Testers Dependencies

The CPAN Testers Dependencies is a website that shows a chart of the test results of all dependencies for a distribution.

L<http://deps.cpantesters.org/?module=XML::LibXML::Iterator>

=back

=head2 Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests by email to C<bug-xml-libxml-iterator at rt.cpan.org>, or through
the web interface at L<https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Report.html?Queue=XML-LibXML-Iterator>. You will be automatically notified of any
progress on the request by the system.

=head2 Source Code

The code is open to the world, and available for you to hack on. Please feel free to browse it and play
with it, or whatever. If you want to contribute patches, please send me a diff or prod me to pull
from your repository :)

L<https://github.com/shlomif/xml-libxml-iterator>

  git clone git://github.com/shlomif/xml-libxml-iterator.git

=head1 AUTHOR

unknown

=head1 BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website
L<https://github.com/shlomif/xml-libxml-iterator/issues>

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a
patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired
feature.

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2020 by unknown.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut