package Type::Registry;

use 5.006001;
use strict;
use warnings;

BEGIN {
	$Type::Registry::AUTHORITY = 'cpan:TOBYINK';
	$Type::Registry::VERSION   = '1.012003';
}

$Type::Registry::VERSION =~ tr/_//d;

use Exporter::Tiny qw( mkopt );
use Scalar::Util qw( refaddr );
use Type::Parser qw( eval_type );
use Types::TypeTiny ();

our @ISA       = 'Exporter::Tiny';
our @EXPORT_OK = qw(t);

sub _croak ($;@) { require Error::TypeTiny; goto \&Error::TypeTiny::croak }

sub _generate_t {
	my $class = shift;
	my ( $name, $value, $globals ) = @_;
	
	my $caller = $globals->{into};
	my $reg    = $class->for_class(
		ref( $caller ) ? sprintf( 'HASH(0x%08X)', refaddr( $caller ) ) : $caller );
		
	sub (;$) { @_ ? $reg->lookup( @_ ) : $reg };
} #/ sub _generate_t

sub new {
	my $class = shift;
	ref( $class ) and _croak( "Not an object method" );
	bless {}, $class;
}

{
	my %registries;
	
	sub for_class {
		my $class = shift;
		my ( $for ) = @_;
		$registries{$for} ||= $class->new;
	}
	
	sub for_me {
		my $class = shift;
		my $for   = caller;
		$registries{$for} ||= $class->new;
	}
}

sub add_types {
	my $self = shift;
	my $opts = mkopt( \@_ );
	for my $opt ( @$opts ) {
		my ( $library, $types ) = @$opt;
		$library =~ s/^-/Types::/;
		
		{
			local $SIG{__DIE__} = sub { };
			eval "require $library";
		};
		
		my %hash;
		
		if ( $library->isa( "Type::Library" ) or $library eq 'Types::TypeTiny' ) {
			$types ||= [qw/-types/];
			Types::TypeTiny::is_ArrayLike( $types )
				or _croak(
				"Expected arrayref following '%s'; got %s", $library,
				$types
				);
				
			$library->import( { into => \%hash }, @$types );
			$hash{$_} = &{ $hash{$_} }() for keys %hash;
		} #/ if ( $library->isa( "Type::Library"...))
		elsif ( $library->isa( "MooseX::Types::Base" ) ) {
			$types ||= [];
			Types::TypeTiny::is_ArrayLike( $types ) && ( @$types == 0 )
				or _croak(
				"Library '%s' is a MooseX::Types type constraint library. No import options currently supported",
				$library
				);
				
			require Moose::Util::TypeConstraints;
			my $moosextypes = $library->type_storage;
			for my $name ( sort keys %$moosextypes ) {
				my $tt = Types::TypeTiny::to_TypeTiny(
					Moose::Util::TypeConstraints::find_type_constraint( $moosextypes->{$name} ) );
				$hash{$name} = $tt;
			}
		} #/ elsif ( $library->isa( "MooseX::Types::Base"...))
		elsif ( $library->isa( "MouseX::Types::Base" ) ) {
			$types ||= [];
			Types::TypeTiny::is_ArrayLike( $types ) && ( @$types == 0 )
				or _croak(
				"Library '%s' is a MouseX::Types type constraint library. No import options currently supported",
				$library
				);
				
			require Mouse::Util::TypeConstraints;
			my $moosextypes = $library->type_storage;
			for my $name ( sort keys %$moosextypes ) {
				my $tt = Types::TypeTiny::to_TypeTiny(
					Mouse::Util::TypeConstraints::find_type_constraint( $moosextypes->{$name} ) );
				$hash{$name} = $tt;
			}
		} #/ elsif ( $library->isa( "MouseX::Types::Base"...))
		else {
			_croak( "%s is not a type library", $library );
		}
		
		for my $key ( sort keys %hash ) {
			exists( $self->{$key} )
				and $self->{$key}{uniq} != $hash{$key}{uniq}
				and _croak( "Duplicate type name: %s", $key );
			$self->{$key} = $hash{$key};
		}
	} #/ for my $opt ( @$opts )
	$self;
} #/ sub add_types

sub add_type {
	my $self = shift;
	my ( $type, $name ) = @_;
	$type = Types::TypeTiny::to_TypeTiny( $type );
	$name ||= do {
		$type->is_anon
			and
			_croak( "Expected named type constraint; got anonymous type constraint" );
		$type->name;
	};
	
	exists( $self->{$name} )
		and $self->{$name}{uniq} != $type->{uniq}
		and _croak( "Duplicate type name: %s", $name );
		
	$self->{$name} = $type;
	$self;
} #/ sub add_type

sub alias_type {
	my $self = shift;
	my ( $old, @new ) = @_;
	my $lookup = eval { $self->lookup( $old ) }
		or _croak( "Expected existing type constraint name; got '$old'" );
	$self->{$_} = $lookup for @new;
	$self;
}

sub simple_lookup {
	my $self = shift;
	
	my ( $tc ) = @_;
	$tc =~ s/(^\s+|\s+$)//g;
	
	if ( exists $self->{$tc} ) {
		return $self->{$tc};
	}
	elsif ( $self->has_parent ) {
		return $self->get_parent->simple_lookup( @_ );
	}
	
	return;
} #/ sub simple_lookup

sub set_parent {
	my $self = shift;
	$self->{'~~parent'} =
		ref( $_[0] )
		? $_[0]
		: ( ref( $self ) || $self )->for_class( $_[0] );
	$self;
}

sub clear_parent {
	my $self = shift;
	delete $self->{'~~parent'};
	$self;
}

sub has_parent {
	!!ref( shift->{'~~parent'} );
}

sub get_parent {
	shift->{'~~parent'};
}

sub foreign_lookup {
	my $self = shift;
	
	return $_[1] ? () : $self->simple_lookup( $_[0], 1 )
		unless $_[0] =~ /^(.+)::(\w+)$/;
		
	my $library  = $1;
	my $typename = $2;
	
	{
		local $SIG{__DIE__} = sub { };
		eval "require $library;";
	};
	
	if ( $library->isa( 'MooseX::Types::Base' ) ) {
		require Moose::Util::TypeConstraints;
		my $type = Moose::Util::TypeConstraints::find_type_constraint(
			$library->get_type( $typename ) )
			or return;
		return Types::TypeTiny::to_TypeTiny( $type );
	}
	
	if ( $library->isa( 'MouseX::Types::Base' ) ) {
		require Mouse::Util::TypeConstraints;
		my $sub  = $library->can( $typename ) or return;
		my $type = Mouse::Util::TypeConstraints::find_type_constraint( $sub->() )
			or return;
		return Types::TypeTiny::to_TypeTiny( $type );
	}
	
	if ( $library->can( "get_type" ) ) {
		my $type = $library->get_type( $typename );
		return Types::TypeTiny::to_TypeTiny( $type );
	}
	
	return;
} #/ sub foreign_lookup

sub lookup {
	my $self = shift;
	
	$self->simple_lookup( @_ ) or eval_type( $_[0], $self );
}

sub make_union {
	my $self = shift;
	my ( @types ) = @_;
	
	require Type::Tiny::Union;
	return "Type::Tiny::Union"->new( type_constraints => \@types );
}

sub make_intersection {
	my $self = shift;
	my ( @types ) = @_;
	
	require Type::Tiny::Intersection;
	return "Type::Tiny::Intersection"->new( type_constraints => \@types );
}

sub make_class_type {
	my $self = shift;
	my ( $class ) = @_;
	
	require Type::Tiny::Class;
	return "Type::Tiny::Class"->new( class => $class );
}

sub make_role_type {
	my $self = shift;
	my ( $role ) = @_;
	
	require Type::Tiny::Role;
	return "Type::Tiny::Role"->new( role => $role );
}

sub AUTOLOAD {
	my $self       = shift;
	my ( $method ) = ( our $AUTOLOAD =~ /(\w+)$/ );
	my $type       = $self->simple_lookup( $method );
	return $type if $type;
	_croak(
		q[Can't locate object method "%s" via package "%s"], $method,
		ref( $self )
	);
} #/ sub AUTOLOAD

# Prevent AUTOLOAD being called for DESTROY!
sub DESTROY {
	return;    # uncoverable statement
}

DELAYED: {
	our %DELAYED;
	for my $package ( sort keys %DELAYED ) {
		my $reg   = __PACKAGE__->for_class( $package );
		my $types = $DELAYED{$package};
		
		for my $name ( sort keys %$types ) {
			$reg->add_type( $types->{$name}, $name );
		}
	}
} #/ DELAYED:

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding utf-8

=for stopwords optlist

=head1 NAME

Type::Registry - a glorified hashref for looking up type constraints

=head1 SYNOPSIS

=for test_synopsis no warnings qw(misc);

   package Foo::Bar;
   
   use Type::Registry;
   
   my $reg = "Type::Registry"->for_me;  # a registry for Foo::Bar
   
   # Register all types from Types::Standard
   $reg->add_types(-Standard);
   
   # Register just one type from Types::XSD
   $reg->add_types(-XSD => ["NonNegativeInteger"]);
   
   # Register all types from MyApp::Types
   $reg->add_types("MyApp::Types");
   
   # Create a type alias
   $reg->alias_type("NonNegativeInteger" => "Count");
   
   # Look up a type constraint
   my $type = $reg->lookup("ArrayRef[Count]");
   
   $type->check([1, 2, 3.14159]);  # croaks

Alternatively:

   package Foo::Bar;
   
   use Type::Registry qw( t );
   
   # Register all types from Types::Standard
   t->add_types(-Standard);
   
   # Register just one type from Types::XSD
   t->add_types(-XSD => ["NonNegativeInteger"]);
   
   # Register all types from MyApp::Types
   t->add_types("MyApp::Types");
   
   # Create a type alias
   t->alias_type("NonNegativeInteger" => "Count");
   
   # Look up a type constraint
   my $type = t("ArrayRef[Count]");
   
   $type->check([1, 2, 3.14159]);  # croaks

=head1 STATUS

This module is covered by the
L<Type-Tiny stability policy|Type::Tiny::Manual::Policies/"STABILITY">.

=head1 DESCRIPTION

A type registry is basically just a hashref mapping type names to type
constraint objects.

=head2 Constructors

=over

=item C<< new >>

Create a new glorified hashref.

=item C<< for_class($class) >>

Create or return the existing glorified hashref associated with the given
class.

Note that any type constraint you have imported from Type::Library-based
type libraries will be automatically available in your class' registry.

=item C<< for_me >>

Create or return the existing glorified hashref associated with the caller.

=back

=head2 Methods

=over

=item C<< add_types(@libraries) >>

The libraries list is treated as an "optlist" (a la L<Data::OptList>).

Strings are the names of type libraries; if the first character is a
hyphen, it is expanded to the "Types::" prefix. If followed by an
arrayref, this is the list of types to import from that library.
Otherwise, imports all types from the library.

   use Type::Registry qw(t);
   
   t->add_types(-Standard);  # OR: t->add_types("Types::Standard");
   
   t->add_types(
      -TypeTiny => ['HashLike'],
      -Standard => ['HashRef' => { -as => 'RealHash' }],
   );

L<MooseX::Types> (and experimentally, L<MouseX::Types>) libraries can
also be added this way, but I<< cannot be followed by an arrayref of
types to import >>.

=item C<< add_type($type, $name) >>

The long-awaited singular form of C<add_types>. Given a type constraint
object, adds it to the registry with a given name. The name may be
omitted, in which case C<< $type->name >> is called, and Type::Registry
will throw an error if C<< $type >> is anonymous. If a name is explicitly
given, Type::Registry cares not one wit whether the type constraint is
anonymous.

This method can even add L<MooseX::Types> and L<MouseX::Types> type
constraints; indeed anything that can be handled by L<Types::TypeTiny>'s
C<to_TypeTiny> function. (Bear in mind that to_TypeTiny I<always> results
in an anonymous type constraint, so C<< $name >> will be required.)

=item C<< alias_type($oldname, $newname) >>

Create an alias for an existing type.

=item C<< simple_lookup($name) >>

Look up a type in the registry by name. 

Returns undef if not found.

=item C<< foreign_lookup($name) >>

Like C<simple_lookup>, but if the type name contains "::", will attempt
to load it from a type library. (And will attempt to load that module.)

=item C<< lookup($name) >>

Look up by name, with a DSL.

   t->lookup("Int|ArrayRef[Int]")

The DSL can be summed up as:

   X               type from this registry
   My::Lib::X      type from a type library
   ~X              complementary type
   X | Y           union
   X & Y           intersection
   X[...]          parameterized type
   slurpy X        slurpy type
   Foo::Bar::      class type

Croaks if not found.

=item C<< make_union(@constraints) >>,
C<< make_intersection(@constraints) >>,
C<< make_class_type($class) >>,
C<< make_role_type($role) >>

Convenience methods for creating certain common type constraints.

=item C<< AUTOLOAD >>

Overloaded to call C<lookup>.

   $registry->Str;  # like $registry->lookup("Str")

=item C<get_parent>, C<< set_parent($reg) >>, C<< clear_parent >>, C<< has_parent >>

Advanced stuff. Allows a registry to have a "parent" registry which it
inherits type constraints from.

=back

=head2 Functions

=over

=item C<< t >>

This class can export a function C<< t >> which acts like
C<< "Type::Registry"->for_class($importing_class) >>.

=back

=head1 BUGS

Please report any bugs to
L<https://github.com/tobyink/p5-type-tiny/issues>.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Type::Library>.

=head1 AUTHOR

Toby Inkster E<lt>tobyink@cpan.orgE<gt>.

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

This software is copyright (c) 2013-2014, 2017-2021 by Toby Inkster.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=head1 DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

THIS PACKAGE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.