use v5.10;
package REST::Neo4p::Agent;
use REST::Neo4p::Exceptions;
use JSON;
use File::Temp;
use Carp qw(croak carp);
use strict;
use warnings;

our @ISA;
  $REST::Neo4p::Agent::VERSION = '0.4003';

our $JOB_CHUNK = 1024;
our $JSON = JSON->new()->allow_nonref(1)->utf8;
our $RQ_RETRIES = 3;
our $RETRY_WAIT = 5;
sub new {
  my $class = shift;
  my %args = @_;
  my $mod = delete $args{agent_module} || 'LWP::UserAgent';
  die "No user agent module specified" unless $mod;
  $mod = join('::','REST::Neo4p::Agent',$mod);
  eval "require $mod;1" or REST::Neo4p::LocalException->throw("Module $mod is not available\n");
  my @args = %args;
  my $self = $mod->new(@args);
  $self->default_header( 'Accept' => 'application/json' );
  $self->default_header( 'Content-Type' => 'application/json' );
  $self->default_header( 'X-Stream' => 'true' );
  $self->protocols_allowed( ['http','https'] );
  return $self;

sub server_url {
  my $self = shift;
  $self->{__server} = shift if @_;
  return $self->{__server};

sub batch_mode {
  my $self = shift;
  $self->{__batch_mode} = shift if @_;
  return $self->{__batch_mode};

sub batch_length{ 
  my $self = shift;
  REST::Neo4p::LocalException->throw("Agent not in batch mode\n") unless $self->batch_mode;

sub connect {

  my $self = shift;
  my ($server) = @_;
  $self->{__server} = $server if defined $server;
  unless ($self->server_url) {
    REST::Neo4p::Exception->throw("Server not set\n");
  my $resp = $self->get($self->server_url);
  unless ($resp->is_success) {
    my $exc = $resp->code == 401 ? 'AuthException' : 'CommException';
      "REST::Neo4p::$exc"->throw( code => $resp->code,
					 message => $resp->message );
  my $json =  $JSON->decode($resp->content);
  # add the discovered URLs to the object hash, keyed by 
  # underscore + <function_name>:
  foreach (keys %{$json}) {
    next if /^extensions$/;
    # strip any trailing slash
    $json->{$_} =~ s|/+$||;
    $self->{_actions}{$_} = $json->{$_};
  $resp = $self->get($self->{_actions}{data});
  unless ($resp->is_success) {
    my $exc = $resp->code == 401 ? 'AuthException' : 'CommException';
    "REST::Neo4p::$exc"->throw( code => $resp->code,
				       message => $resp->message." (connect phase 2)\n" );
  $json = $JSON->decode($resp->content);
  foreach (keys %{$json}) {
    next if /^extensions$/;
    $self->{_actions}{$_} = $json->{$_};
  # fix for incomplete discovery (relationship endpoint)
  unless ($json->{relationship}) {
    $self->{_actions}{relationship} = $self->{_actions}{node};
    $self->{_actions}{relationship} =~ s/node/relationship/;

  return 1;

# _add_to_batch_queue
# takes a request and converts to a Neo4j REST batch-friendly
# hash
# $url : rest endpoint that would be called ordinarily
# $rq : [get|delete|post|put]
# $content : hashref of rq content (post and put)
# $headers : hashref of additional headers
sub _add_to_batch_queue {
  my $self = shift;
  my ($url, $rq, $content, $headers) = @_;
  my $data = $self->data;
  $url =~ s|$data||; # get suffix
  my $id = ++($self->{__batch_length}||=$self->{__batch_length});
  my $job = { 
      method => uc $rq,
      to => $url,
      id => $id
  $job->{body} = $content if defined $content;
  push @{$self->{__batch_queue}}, $job;
  $self->{_decoded_content} = "{$id}"; # Neo4j batch reference for this job
  return "{$id}";

sub execute_batch {
  my $self = shift;
  my ($chunk_size) = @_;
  unless ($self->batch_mode) {
    REST::Neo4p::LocalException->throw("Agent not in batch mode; can't execute batch\n");
  return unless ($self->batch_length);
  my $tfh = File::Temp->new;
  my @chunk;
  if ($chunk_size) {
    @chunk = splice @{$self->{__batch_queue}}, 0, $chunk_size;
    $self->{__batch_length} -= @chunk;
  else {
    @chunk = @{$self->{__batch_queue}};
    undef $self->{__batch_queue};
    $self->{__batch_length} = 0;
  $self->post_batch([],\@chunk, {':content_file' => $tfh->filename});
  return $tfh;

sub execute_batch_chunk { shift->execute_batch($JOB_CHUNK) }

sub raw_response { shift->{_raw_response} }
# contains a reference to the returned content, as decoded by JSON
sub decoded_content { shift->{_decoded_content} }
# contains the url representation of the node returned in the Location:
# header
sub location { shift->{_location} }

sub available_actions { keys %{shift->{_actions}} }

sub no_stream { shift->remove_header('X-Stream') }
sub stream { shift->add_header('X-Stream' => 'true') }

# autoload getters for discovered neo4j rest urls
# when the agent module is Neo4j::Driver, all actions are explicitly defined,
# so any call falling through to AUTOLOAD is an error

  my $self = shift;
  my $method = $AUTOLOAD;
  $method =~ s/.*:://;
  if ($self->isa('REST::Neo4p::Agent::Neo4j::Driver')) {
    # an error
    REST::Neo4p::LocalException->throw( "REST::Neo4p::Agent::Neo4j::Driver does not define method '$method'\n" );
  my ($rq, $action) = $method =~ /^(get_|post_|put_|delete_)*(.*)$/;
  unless (grep /^$action$/,keys %{$self->{_actions}}) {
    REST::Neo4p::LocalException->throw( __PACKAGE__." does not define method '$method'\n" );
  return $self->{_actions}{$action} unless $rq;
  $rq =~ s/_$//;
  for (my $i = $RQ_RETRIES; $i>0; $i--) {
    eval {
      $self->__do_request($rq, $action, @_);
    if (my $e = REST::Neo4p::CommException->caught()) {
      if ($i > 1) {
	sleep $RETRY_WAIT;
      else {
	$e->{message} .= "(after $RQ_RETRIES retries)"; # evil.
    elsif ($e = Exception::Class->caught()) {
      (ref $e && $e->can("rethrow")) ? $e->rethrow : die $e;
    else {
      last; # success
  return $self->{_decoded_content};

# $rq : [get|post|put|delete]
# $action : {neo4j REST endpt action}
# @args : depends on REST rq
# get|delete : my @url_components = @args;
# post|put : my ($url_components, $content, $addl_headers) = @args;

sub __do_request {
  my $self = shift;
  my ($rq, $action, @args) = @_;
  use experimental qw/smartmatch/;
  $self->{_errmsg} = $self->{_location} = $self->{_raw_response} = $self->{_decoded_content} = undef;
  my $resp;
  given ($rq) {
    when (/get|delete/) {
      my @url_components = @args;
      my %rest_params = ();
      # look for a hashref as final arg containing field => value pairs
      if (@url_components && ref $url_components[-1] && (ref $url_components[-1] eq 'HASH')) {
	%rest_params = %{ pop @url_components };
      my $url = join('/',$self->{_actions}{$action},@url_components);
      my @params;
      while (my ($p,$v) = each %rest_params) {
	push @params, join('=',$p,$v);
      $url.='?'.join('&',@params) if @params;
      if ($self->batch_mode) {
	$url = (@url_components && ($url_components[0] =~ /{[0-9]+}/)) ? $url_components[0] : $url; # index batch object kludge

	@_ = ($self, 
	goto &_add_to_batch_queue; # short circuit to _add_to_batch_queue
# request made here:
      $resp = $self->{_raw_response} = $self->$rq($url);
    when (/post|put/) {
      my ($url_components, $content, $addl_headers) = @args;
      unless (!$addl_headers || (ref $addl_headers eq 'HASH')) {
	REST::Neo4p::LocalException->throw("Arg 3 must be a hashref of additional headers\n");
      no warnings qw(uninitialized);
      my $url = join('/',$self->{_actions}{$action},@$url_components);
      use warnings qw(uninitialized);
      if ($self->batch_mode) {
	$url = ($url_components->[0] =~ /{[0-9]+}/) ? join('/',@$url_components) : $url; # index batch object kludge
	@_ = ($self, 
	      $rq, $content, $addl_headers);
	goto &_add_to_batch_queue;
      $content = $JSON->encode($content) if $content && !$self->isa('Mojo::UserAgent');
# request made here
      $resp  = $self->{_raw_response} = $self->$rq($url, 'Content-Type' => 'application/json', Content=> $content, %$addl_headers);
  # exception handling
  # rt80471...
  if (length $resp->content) {
    if ($resp->header('Content_Type') =~ /json/) {
      $self->{_decoded_content} = $JSON->decode($resp->content);
  unless ($resp->is_success) {
    if ( $self->{_decoded_content} ) {
      my %error_fields = (
	code => $resp->code,
	neo4j_message => $self->{_decoded_content}->{message},
	neo4j_exception => $self->{_decoded_content}->{exception},
	neo4j_stacktrace =>  $self->{_decoded_content}->{stacktrace}
      my $xclass;
      given ($resp->code) {
	when (404) {
	  $xclass = 'REST::Neo4p::NotFoundException';
	when (409) {
	  $xclass = 'REST::Neo4p::ConflictException';
	default {
	  $xclass = 'REST::Neo4p::Neo4jException';
      if ( $error_fields{neo4j_exception} && 
	     ($error_fields{neo4j_exception} =~ /^Syntax/ )) {
	$xclass = 'REST::Neo4p::QuerySyntaxException';
    else { # couldn't parse the content as JSON...
      my $xclass = ($resp->code && ($resp->code == 404)) ? 
	'REST::Neo4p::NotFoundException' : 'REST::Neo4p::CommException';
	code => $resp->code,
	message => $resp->message
  $self->{_location} = $resp->header('Location');

sub neo4j_version {
  my $self = shift;
  my $v = my $a = $self->{_actions}{neo4j_version};
  return unless defined $v;
  my ($major, $minor, $patch, $milestone) =
    $a =~ /^(?:([0-9]+)\.)(?:([0-9]+)\.)?([0-9]+)?(?:-M([0-9]+))?/;
  wantarray ? ($major,$minor,$patch,$milestone) : $v;

sub is_version_4 {
  my ($maj,@rest) = shift->neo4j_version;
  return $maj >= 4;

sub DESTROY {}

=head1 NAME

REST::Neo4p::Agent - HTTP client interacting with Neo4j


 $agent = REST::Neo4p::Agent->new();
 unless ($agent->connect) {
  print STDERR "Didn't find the server\n";

See examples under L</METHODS> below.


The agent's job is to encapsulate and connect to the REST service URLs
of a running Neo4j server. It also stores the discovered URLs for
various actions and provides those URLs as getters from the agent
object. The getter names are the keys in the JSON objects returned by
the server. See
L<the Neo4j docs|> for more

API and HTTP errors are distinguished and thrown by
L<Exception::Class> subclasses. See L<REST::Neo4p::Exceptions>.

A REST::Neo4p::Agent instance is created as a subclass of a choice
of HTTP user agents:


=item * L<LWP::UserAgent> (default)

=item * L<Mojo::UserAgent>

=item * L<HTTP::Thin> (L<HTTP::Tiny> with L<HTTP::Response> responses)


REST::Neo4p::Agent responses are always L<HTTP::Response> objects.

REST::Neo4p::Agent will retry requests that fail with
L<REST::Neo4p::CommException|REST::Neo4p::Exceptions>. The default
number of retries is 3; the default wait time between retries is 5
sec. These can be adjusted by setting the package variables


to the desired values.

According to the Neo4j recommendation, the agent requests streamed
responses by default; i.e.,

 X-Stream: true

is a default header for requests. The server responds to requests with
chunked content, which is handled correctly by any of the underlying
user agents.

L<REST::Neo4p::Query> and L<REST::Neo4p::Batch> take advantage of
streamed responsed by retrieving and returning JSON objects
incrementally and (with the L<Mojo::UserAgent> backend) in a
non-blocking way. New Neo4j server versions may break the incremental
parsing. If this happens,  L<make a
ticket|>. In
the meantime, you should be able to keep things going (albeit more
slowly) by turning off streaming at the agent:


Streaming responses can be requested again by issuing


For batch API features, see L</Batch Mode>.

=head1 METHODS


=item new()

 $agent = REST::Neo4p::Agent->new();
 $agent = REST::Neo4p::Agent->new( agent_module => 'HTTP::Thin');
 $agent = REST::Neo4p::Agent->new("");

Returns a new agent. The C<agent_module> parameter may be set to

 LWP::UserAgent (default)

to select the underlying user agent class. Additional arguments are
passed to the user agent constructor.

=item server_url()


Sets the server address and port.

=item data()

 $neo4j_data_url = $agent->data();

Returns the base of the Neo4j server API.

=item admin()

 $neo4j_admin_url = $agent->admin();

Returns the Neo4j server admin url.

=item node()

=item reference_node()

=item node_index()

=item relationship_index()

=item extensions_info()

=item relationship_types()

=item batch()

=item cypher()

 $relationship_type_url = $agent->relationship_types;

These methods get the REST URL for the named API actions. Other named
actions may also be available for a given server; these are
auto-loaded from self-discovery responses provided by Neo4j. Use
C<available_actions()> to identify them.

You will probably prefer using the L</get_{action}()>,
L</put_{action}()>, L</post_{action}()>, and L</delete_{action}()>
methods to make requests directly.

=item neo4j_version()

 $version = $agent->neo4j_version;
 ($major, $minor, $patch, $milestone) = $agent->neo4j_version;

Returns the version string/components of the connected Neo4j server.

=item available_actions()

 @actions = $agent->available_actions();

Returns all discovered actions.

=item location()

 $agent->post_node(); # create new node
 $new_node_url = $agent->location;

Returns the value of the "location" key in the response JSON. 

=item get_{action}()

 $decoded_response = $agent->get_data(@url_components,\%rest_params)
 $types_array_ref = $agent->get_relationship_types();

Makes a GET request to the REST endpoint mapped to {action}. Arguments
are additional URL components (without slashes). If the final argument
is a hashref, it will be sent as key-value form parameters.

=item put_{action}()

 # add a property to an existing node
 $agent->put_node([13, 'properties'], { name => 'Herman' });

Makes a PUT request to the REST endpoint mapped to {action}. The first
argument, if present, must be an array B<reference> of additional URL
components. The second argument, if present, is a hashref that will be
sent in the request as (encoded) JSON content. The third argument, if 
present, is a hashref containing additional request headers.

=item post_{action}()

 # create a new node with given properties
 $agent->post_node({ name => 'Wanda' });
 # do a cypher query and save content to file
 $agent->post_cypher([], { query => 'MATCH (n) RETURN n', params=>{}},
                     { ':content_file' => $my_file_name });

Makes a POST request to the REST endpoint mapped to {action}. The first
argument, if present, must be an array B<reference> of additional URL
components. The second argument, if present, is a hashref that will be
sent in the request as (encoded) JSON content. The third argument, if 
present, is a hashref containing additional request headers.

=item delete_{action}()


Makes a DELETE request to the REST endpoint mapped to {action}. Arguments
are additional URL components (without slashes). If the final argument
is a hashref, it will be sent in the request as (encoded) JSON content.

=item decoded_content()

 $decoded_json = $agent->decoded_content;

Returns the response content of the last agent request, as decoded by
L<JSON|JSON>. It is generally a reference, but can be a scalar if a
bareword was returned by the server.

=item raw_response()

 $resp = $agent->raw_response

Returns the L<HTTP::Response> object returned by the last request made
by the backend user agent.

=item no_stream()


Removes C<X-Stream: true> from the default headers.

=item stream()


Adds C<X-Stream: true> to the default headers.


=head1 Batch Mode

B<Neo4j version 4.0+>: I<Batch mode is a Neo4j REST API feature that bit
the big one along with that API. The Neo4j::Driver agent will complain
if you use these methods.>

When the agent is in batch mode, the usual request calls are not
executed immediately, but added to a queue. The L</execute_batch()>
method sends the queued calls in the format required by the Neo4p REST
API (using the C<post_batch> method outside of batch
mode). L</execute_batch()> returns the decoded json server response in
the return format specified by the Neo4p REST batch API.


=item batch_mode()

 print ($agent->batch_mode ? "I am " : "I am not ")." in batch mode\n";

Set/get current agent mode.

=item batch_length()

 if ($agent->batch_length() > $JOB_LIMIT) {
   print "Queue getting long; better execute\n"

Returns current queue length. Throws
L<REST::Neo4p::LocalException|REST::Neo4p::Exceptions> if agent not in
batch mode.

=item execute_batch()

 $tmpfh = $agent->execute_batch();
 $tmpfh = $agent->execute_batch(50);

 while (<$tmpfn>) {
   # handle responses

Processes the queued calls and returns the decoded json response from
server in a temporary file. Returns with undef if batch length is zero.
Throws L<REST::Neo4p::LocalException|REST::Neo4p::Exceptions> if not in batch mode.

Second form takes an integer argument; this will submit the next [integer]
jobs and return the server response in the tempfile. The batch length is

The filehandle returned is a L<File::Temp> object. The file will be unlinked
when the object is destroyed.

=item execute_batch_chunk()

 while (my $tmpf = $agent->execute_batch_chunk ) {
  # handle response

Convenience form of
C<execute_batch($REST::Neo4p::JOB_CHUNK)>. C<$REST::Neo4p::JOB_CHUNK>
has default value of 1024.


=head1 AUTHOR

    Mark A. Jensen
    majensen -at- cpan -dot- org

=head1 LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2012-2022 Mark A. Jensen. This program is free software; you
can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl