package Log::Dispatch::Screen;

use strict;
use warnings;

our $VERSION = '2.71';

use Encode qw( encode );
use IO::Handle;
use Log::Dispatch::Types;
use Params::ValidationCompiler qw( validation_for );

use base qw( Log::Dispatch::Output );

    my $validator = validation_for(
        params => {
            stderr => {
                type    => t('Bool'),
                default => 1,
            utf8 => {
                type    => t('Bool'),
                default => 0,
        slurpy => 1,

    sub new {
        my $class = shift;
        my %p     = $validator->(@_);

        my $self = bless { map { $_ => delete $p{$_} } qw( stderr utf8 ) },


        return $self;

sub log_message {
    my $self = shift;
    my %p    = @_;

    # This is a bit gross but it's important that we print directly to the
    # STDOUT or STDERR handle for backwards compatibility. Various modules
    # have tests which rely on this, so we can't open a new filehandle to fd 1
    # or 2 and use that.
    my $message
        = $self->{utf8} ? encode( 'UTF-8', $p{message} ) : $p{message};

    ## no critic (InputOutput::RequireCheckedSyscalls)
    if ( $self->{stderr} ) {
        print STDERR $message;
    else {
        print STDOUT $message;


# ABSTRACT: Object for logging to the screen



=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Log::Dispatch::Screen - Object for logging to the screen

=head1 VERSION

version 2.71


  use Log::Dispatch;

  my $log = Log::Dispatch->new(
      outputs => [
              min_level => 'debug',
              stderr    => 1,
              newline   => 1

  $log->alert("I'm searching the city for sci-fi wasabi");


This module provides an object for logging to the screen (really C<STDOUT> or

Note that a newline will I<not> be added automatically at the end of a message
by default. To do that, pass C<< newline => 1 >>.

=for Pod::Coverage new log_message


The constructor takes the following parameters in addition to the standard
parameters documented in L<Log::Dispatch::Output>:

=over 4

=item * stderr (0 or 1)

Indicates whether or not logging information should go to C<STDERR>. If false,
logging information is printed to C<STDOUT> instead.

This defaults to true.

=item * utf8 (0 or 1)

If this is true, then the output will be encoded using the UTF-8 encoding. If
you have I<already> applied an encoding layer to the relevant filehandle,
C<STDOUT> or C<STDERR>, then your output will end up double-encoded if this is

This defaults to false.


=head1 SUPPORT

Bugs may be submitted at L<>.

=head1 SOURCE

The source code repository for Log-Dispatch can be found at L<>.

=head1 AUTHOR

Dave Rolsky <>


This software is Copyright (c) 2023 by Dave Rolsky.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)

The full text of the license can be found in the
F<LICENSE> file included with this distribution.