# PODNAME: Log::Any::Adapter::Development
# ABSTRACT: Manual for developing new Log::Any adapters

# vim: ts=4 sts=4 sw=4 et tw=75:



=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Log::Any::Adapter::Development - Manual for developing new Log::Any adapters

=head1 VERSION

version 1.715


The adapter module:

   package Log::Any::Adapter::YAL;
   use strict;
   use warnings;
   use Log::Any::Adapter::Util ();
   use base qw(Log::Any::Adapter::Base);

   # Optionally initialize object, e.g. for delegation
   sub init {
       my ($self) = @_;

       $self->{attr} = ...;

   # Create logging methods: debug, info, etc.
   foreach my $method ( Log::Any::Adapter::Util::logging_methods() ) {
       no strict 'refs';
       *$method = sub { ... };

   # or, support structured logging instead
   sub structured {
       my ($self, $level, $category, @args) = @_;
       # ... process and log all @args

   # Create detection methods: is_debug, is_info, etc.
   foreach my $method ( Log::Any::Adapter::Util::detection_methods() ) {
       no strict 'refs';
       *$method = sub { ... };

and the application:



This document describes how to implement a new Log::Any adapter.

The easiest way to start is to look at the source of existing adapters, such as
L<Log::Any::Adapter::Log4perl|Log::Any::Adapter::Log4perl> and

=head1 NAMING

If you are going to publicly release your adapter, call it
'Log::Any::Adapter::I<something>' so that users can use it with


If it's an internal driver, you can call it whatever you like and use it like



All adapters must directly or indirectly inherit from


Log::Any supports the following log levels:

=for :list * trace
* debug
* info
* notice
* warning
* error
* critical
* alert
* emergency

If the logging mechanism used by your adapter supports different levels,
it's your responsibility to map them appropriately when you implement the
logging and detection methods described below.  For example, if your
mechanism only supports "debug", "normal" and "fatal" levels, you might map
the levels like this:

=for :list * debug: trace, debug
* normal: info, notice, warning
* fatal: error, critical, alert, emergency

=head1 METHODS

=head2 Constructor

The constructor (C<new>) is provided by
L<Log::Any::Adapter::Base|Log::Any::Adapter::Base>. It will:

=for :list * place any adapter arguments into a hash, along with the category
* bless the hash into your subclass
* call L</init> which may be optionally provided by your subclass

At this point, overriding the default constructor is not supported. Hopefully
it will not be needed.

The constructor is called whenever a log object is requested. e.g. If the
application initializes Log::Any like so:

    Log::Any->set_adapter('Log::YAL', yal_object => $yal, depth => 3);

and then a class requests a logger like so:

    package Foo;
    use Log::Any qw($log);

Then C<$log> will be populated with the return value of:

    Log::Any::Adapter::Yal->new(yal_object => $yal, depth => 3, category => 'Foo');

This is memoized, so if the same category should be requested again (e.g.
through a separate C<get_logger> call, the same object will be returned.
Therefore, you should try to avoid anything non-deterministic in your L</init>

=head2 Logging methods

The following methods have no default implementation, and MUST be defined by
your subclass, unless your adapter supports L</Structured logging>:

=for :list * debug ($msg)
* info ($msg)
* notice ($msg)
* warning ($msg)
* error ($msg)
* critical ($msg)
* alert ($msg)
* emergency ($msg)

These methods must log a message at the specified level.

To help generate these methods programmatically, you can get a list of the
sub names with the

=head2 Log-level detection methods (required)

The following methods have no default implementation, and MUST be defined by
your subclass:

=for :list * is_debug ()
* is_info ()
* is_notice ()
* is_warning ()
* is_error ()
* is_critical ()
* is_alert ()
* is_emergency ()

These methods must return a boolean indicating whether the specified level is
active, i.e. whether the adapter is listening for messages of that level.

To help generate these methods programmatically, you can get a list of the
sub names with the

=head2 Structured logging

Your adapter can choose to receive structured data instead of a
string. In this case, instead of implementing all the L</Logging
methods>, you define a single method called C<structured>. The method
receives the log level, the category, and all arguments that were
passed to the logging function, so be prepared to not only handle
strings, but also hashrefs, arrayrefs, coderefs, etc.

=head2 Aliases

Aliases (e.g. "err" for "error") are handled by L<Log::Any::Proxy> and will
call the corresponding real name in your adapter class.  You do not need to
implement them in your adapter.

=head2 Optional methods

The following methods have no default implementation but MAY be provided by
your subclass:


=item init

This is called after the adapter object is created and blessed into your class.
Perform any necessary validation or initialization here.  For example, you
would use C<init> to create a logging object for delegation, or open a file
or socket, etc.


=head2 Support methods

The following L<Log::Any::Adapter::Base> method may be useful for defining
adapters via delegation:


=item delegate_method_to_slot ($slot, $method, $adapter_method)

Handle the specified C<$method> by calling C<$adapter_method> on the object
contained in C<< $self->{$slot} >>.

See L<Log::Any::Adapter::Dispatch> and L<Log::Any::Adapter::Log4perl> for
examples of usage.


The following L<Log::Any::Adapter::Util> functions give you a list of
methods that you need to implement.  You can get logging methods, detection
methods or both:

=for :list * L<Log::Any::Adapter::Util::logging_methods|Log::Any::Adapter::Util/logging_methods>
* L<Log::Any::Adapter::Util::detection_methods|Log::Any::Adapter::Util/detection_methods>
* L<Log::Any::Adapter::Util::logging_and_detection_methods|Log::Any::Adapter::Util/logging_and_detection_methods>

=head1 AUTHORS

=over 4

=item *

Jonathan Swartz <swartz@pobox.com>

=item *

David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>

=item *

Doug Bell <preaction@cpan.org>

=item *

Daniel Pittman <daniel@rimspace.net>

=item *

Stephen Thirlwall <sdt@cpan.org>



This software is copyright (c) 2017 by Jonathan Swartz, David Golden, and Doug Bell.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.