package ExtUtils::Depends;

use strict;
use warnings;
use Carp;
use Config;
use File::Find;
use File::Spec;
use Data::Dumper;

our $VERSION = '0.8001';

sub import {
	my $class = shift;
	return unless @_;
        die "$class version $_[0] is required--this is only version $VERSION"
		if $VERSION < $_[0];

sub new {
	my ($class, $name, @deps) = @_;
	my $self = bless {
		name => $name,
		deps => {},
		inc => [],
		libs => '',

		pm => {},
		typemaps => [],
		xs => [],
		c => [],
	}, $class;

	$self->add_deps (@deps);

	# attempt to load these now, so we'll find out as soon as possible
	# whether the dependencies are valid.  we'll load them again in
	# get_makefile_vars to catch any added between now and then.

	return $self;

sub add_deps {
	my $self = shift;
	foreach my $d (@_) {
		$self->{deps}{$d} = undef
			unless $self->{deps}{$d};

sub get_deps {
	my $self = shift;
	$self->load_deps; # just in case

	return %{$self->{deps}};

sub set_inc {
	my $self = shift;
	push @{ $self->{inc} }, @_;

sub set_libs {
	my ($self, $newlibs) = @_;
	$self->{libs} = $newlibs;

sub add_pm {
	my ($self, %pm) = @_;
	while (my ($key, $value) = each %pm) {
		$self->{pm}{$key} = $value;

sub _listkey_add_list {
	my ($self, $key, @list) = @_;
	$self->{$key} = [] unless $self->{$key};
	push @{ $self->{$key} }, @list;

sub add_xs       { shift->_listkey_add_list ('xs',       @_) }
sub add_c        { shift->_listkey_add_list ('c',        @_) }
sub add_typemaps {
	my $self = shift;
	$self->_listkey_add_list ('typemaps', @_);
	$self->install (@_);

# no-op, only used for source back-compat
sub add_headers { carp "add_headers() is a no-op" }

####### PRIVATE
sub basename { (File::Spec->splitdir ($_[0]))[-1] }
# get the name in Makefile syntax.
sub installed_filename {
	my $self = shift;
	return '$(INST_ARCHLIB)/$(FULLEXT)/Install/'.basename ($_[0]);

sub install {
	# install things by adding them to the hash of pm files that gets
	# passed through WriteMakefile's PM key.
	my $self = shift;
	foreach my $f (@_) {
		$self->add_pm ($f, $self->installed_filename ($f));

sub save_config {
	use Data::Dumper;
	local $Data::Dumper::Terse = 0;
	local $Data::Dumper::Sortkeys = 1;
	use IO::File;

	my ($self, $filename) = @_;

	my $file = IO::File->new (">".$filename)
		or croak "can't open '$filename' for writing: $!\n";

	print $file "package $self->{name}\::Install::Files;\n\n";
	print $file "".Data::Dumper->Dump([{
		inc => join (" ", @{ $self->{inc} }),
		libs => $self->{libs},
		typemaps => [ map { basename $_ } @{ $self->{typemaps} } ],
		deps => [sort keys %{ $self->{deps} }],
	}], ['self']);
	print $file <<'EOF';

@deps = @{ $self->{deps} };
@typemaps = @{ $self->{typemaps} };
$libs = $self->{libs};
$inc = $self->{inc};
	# this is ridiculous, but old versions of ExtUtils::Depends take
	# first $loadedmodule::CORE and then $INC{$file} --- the fallback
	# includes the, which is not useful.  so we must add
	# this crappy code.  we don't worry about portable pathnames,
	# as the old code didn't either.
	(my $mdir = $self->{name}) =~ s{::}{/}g;
	print $file <<"EOT";

	\$CORE = undef;
	foreach (\@INC) {
		if ( -f \$_ . "/$mdir/Install/") {
			\$CORE = \$_ . "/$mdir/Install/";

	sub deps { \@{ \$self->{deps} }; }

	sub Inline {
		my (\$class, \$lang) = \@_;
		+{ map { (uc(\$_) => \$self->{\$_}) } qw(inc libs typemaps) };

	print $file "\n1;\n";

	close $file;

	# we need to ensure that the file we just created gets put into
	# the install dir with everything else.
	#$self->install ($filename);
	$self->add_pm ($filename, $self->installed_filename (''));

sub load {
	my $dep = shift;
	my @pieces = split /::/, $dep;
	my @suffix = qw/ Install Files /;
	# not File::Spec - see perldoc -f require
	my $relpath = join('/', @pieces, @suffix) . '.pm';
	my $depinstallfiles = join "::", @pieces, @suffix;
	eval {
		require $relpath 
	} or die " *** Can't load dependency information for $dep:\n   $@\n";
	#print Dumper(\%INC);

	# effectively $instpath = dirname($INC{$relpath})
	@pieces = File::Spec->splitdir ($INC{$relpath});
	pop @pieces;
	my $instpath = File::Spec->catdir (@pieces);

	no strict;

	croak "No dependency information found for $dep"
		unless $instpath;

	if (not File::Spec->file_name_is_absolute ($instpath)) {
		$instpath = File::Spec->rel2abs ($instpath);

	my (@typemaps, $inc, $libs, @deps);

	# this will not exist when loading files from old versions
	# of ExtUtils::Depends.
	@deps = eval { $depinstallfiles->deps };
	@deps = @{"$depinstallfiles\::deps"}
		if $@ and exists ${"$depinstallfiles\::"}{deps};

	my $inline = eval { $depinstallfiles->Inline('C') };
	if (!$@) {
		$inc = $inline->{INC} || '';
		$libs = $inline->{LIBS} || '';
		@typemaps = @{ $inline->{TYPEMAPS} || [] };
	} else {
		$inc = ${"$depinstallfiles\::inc"} || '';
		$libs = ${"$depinstallfiles\::libs"} || '';
		@typemaps = @{"$depinstallfiles\::typemaps"};
	@typemaps = map { File::Spec->rel2abs ($_, $instpath) } @typemaps;

		instpath => $instpath,
		typemaps => \@typemaps,
		inc      => "-I". _quote_if_space($instpath) ." $inc",
		libs     => $libs,
		deps     => \@deps,

sub _quote_if_space { $_[0] =~ / / ? qq{"$_[0]"} : $_[0] }

sub load_deps {
	my $self = shift;
	my @load = grep !$self->{deps}{$_}, keys %{ $self->{deps} };
	my %in_load; @in_load{@load} = ();
	foreach my $d (@load) {
		$self->{deps}{$d} = my $dep = load($d);
		my @new_deps = grep !($self->{deps}{$_} || exists $in_load{$_}),
			@{ $dep->{deps} || [] };
		push @load, @new_deps;
		@in_load{@new_deps} = ();

sub uniquify {
	my %seen;
	grep !$seen{$_}++, @_;

sub get_makefile_vars {
	my $self = shift;

	# collect and uniquify things from the dependencies.
	# first, ensure they are completely loaded.

	##my @defbits = map { split } @{ $self->{defines} };
	my @incbits = map { split } @{ $self->{inc} };
	my @libsbits = split /\s+/, $self->{libs};
	my @typemaps = @{ $self->{typemaps} };
	foreach my $d (sort keys %{ $self->{deps} }) {
		my $dep = $self->{deps}{$d};
		#push @defbits, @{ $dep->{defines} };
		push @incbits, @{ $dep->{defines} } if $dep->{defines};
		push @incbits, split /\s+/, $dep->{inc} if $dep->{inc};
		push @libsbits, split /\s+/, $dep->{libs} if $dep->{libs};
		push @typemaps, @{ $dep->{typemaps} } if $dep->{typemaps};

	# we have a fair bit of work to do for the xs files...
	my @clean = ();
	my @OBJECT = ();
	my %XS = ();
	foreach my $xs (@{ $self->{xs} }) {
		(my $c = $xs) =~ s/\.xs$/\.c/i;
		(my $o = $xs) =~ s/\.xs$/\$(OBJ_EXT)/i;
		$XS{$xs} = $c;
		push @OBJECT, $o;
		# according to the MakeMaker manpage, the C files listed in
		# XS will be added automatically to the list of cleanfiles.
		push @clean, $o;

	# we may have C files, as well:
	foreach my $c (@{ $self->{c} }) {
		(my $o = $c) =~ s/\.c$/\$(OBJ_EXT)/i;
		push @OBJECT, $o;
		push @clean, $o;

	my %vars = (
		INC => join (' ', uniquify @incbits),
		LIBS => join (' ', uniquify $self->find_extra_libs, @libsbits),
		TYPEMAPS => [@typemaps],

	$self->build_dll_lib(\%vars) if $^O =~ /MSWin32/;

	# we don't want to provide these if there is no data in them;
	# that way, the caller can still get default behavior out of
	# MakeMaker when INC, LIBS and TYPEMAPS are all that are required.
	$vars{PM} = $self->{pm}
		if %{ $self->{pm} };
	$vars{clean} = { FILES => join (" ", @clean), }
		if @clean;
	$vars{OBJECT} = join (" ", @OBJECT)
		if @OBJECT;
	$vars{XS} = \%XS
		if %XS;


sub build_dll_lib {
	my ($self, $vars) = @_;
	$vars->{macro} ||= {};
	$vars->{macro}{'INST_DYNAMIC_LIB'} =

# Search for extra library files to link against on Windows (either native
# Windows library # files, or Cygwin library files)
# NOTE: not meant to be called publicly, so no POD documentation
sub find_extra_libs {
	my $self = shift;

	my %mappers = (
		MSWin32 => sub { $_[0] . '\.(?:lib|a)' },
		cygwin	=> sub { $_[0] . '\.dll'},
		android => sub { $_[0] . '\.' . $Config{dlext} },
	my $mapper = $mappers{$^O};
	return () unless defined $mapper;

	my @found_libs = ();
	foreach my $name (keys %{ $self->{deps} }) {
		(my $stem = $name) =~ s/^.*:://;
		if ( defined &DynaLoader::mod2fname ) {
			 my @parts = split /::/, $name;
			 $stem = DynaLoader::mod2fname([@parts]);
		my $lib = $mapper->($stem);
		my $pattern = qr/$lib$/;

		my $matching_dir;
		my $matching_file;
		find (sub {
			if ((not $matching_file) && /$pattern/) {;
				$matching_dir = $File::Find::dir;
				$matching_file = $File::Find::name;
		}, map { -d $_ ? ($_) : () } @INC); # only extant dirs

		if ($matching_file && -f $matching_file) {
			push @found_libs,
				'-L' . _quote_if_space($matching_dir),
				'-l' . $stem;
			# Android's linker ignores the RTLD_GLOBAL flag
			# and loads everything as if under RTLD_LOCAL.
			# What this means in practice is that modules need
			# to explicitly link to their dependencies,
			# because otherwise they won't be able to locate any
			# functions they define.
			# We use the flag to indicate that the
			# actual library name to look for is, not
			if ( $^O eq 'android' ) {
				$found_libs[-1] = "-l:$stem.$Config{dlext}";

	return @found_libs;


=head1 NAME

ExtUtils::Depends - Easily build XS extensions that depend on XS extensions


	use ExtUtils::Depends;
	$package = new ExtUtils::Depends ('pkg::name', 'base::package')
	# set the flags and libraries to compile and link the module
	# add a .c and an .xs file to compile
	# add the typemaps to use
	# install some extra data files and headers
	$package->install (qw/foo.h data.txt/);
	# save the info

		'NAME' => 'Mymodule',


This module tries to make it easy to build Perl extensions that use
functions and typemaps provided by other perl extensions. This means
that a perl extension is treated like a shared library that provides
also a C and an XS interface besides the perl one.

This works as long as the base extension is loaded with the RTLD_GLOBAL
flag (usually done with a

	sub dl_load_flags {0x01}

in the main .pm file) if you need to use functions defined in the module.

The basic scheme of operation is to collect information about a module
in the instance, and then store that data in the Perl library where it
may be retrieved later.  The object can also reformat this information
into the data structures required by ExtUtils::MakeMaker's WriteMakefile

For information on how to make your module fit into this scheme, see
L</"hashref = ExtUtils::Depends::load (name)">.

When creating a new Depends object, you give it a name, which is the name
of the module you are building.   You can also specify the names of modules
on which this module depends.  These dependencies will be loaded
automatically, and their typemaps, header files, etc merged with your new
object's stuff.  When you store the data for your object, the list of
dependencies are stored with it, so that another module depending on your
needn't know on exactly which modules yours depends.

For example:

  Gtk2 depends on Glib

  Gnome2::Canvas depends on Gtk2

  ExtUtils::Depends->new ('Gnome2::Canvas', 'Gtk2');
     this command automatically brings in all the stuff needed
     for Glib, since Gtk2 depends on it.

When the configuration information is saved, it also includes a class
method called C<Inline>, inheritable by your module. This allows you in
your module to simply say at the top:

  package Mymod;
  use parent 'Mymod::Install::Files'; # to inherit 'Inline' method

And users of C<Mymod> who want to write inline code (using L<Inline>)
will simply be able to write:

  use Inline with => 'Mymod';

And all the necessary header files, defines, and libraries will be added
for them.

The C<Mymod::Install::Files> will also implement a C<deps> method,
which will return a list of any modules that C<Mymod> depends on -
you will not normally need to use this:

  require Mymod::Install::Files;
  @deps = Mymod::Install::Files->deps;

=head1 METHODS


=item $object = ExtUtils::Depends->new($name, @deps)

Create a new depends object named I<$name>.  Any modules listed in I<@deps>
(which may be empty) are added as dependencies and their dependency
information is loaded.  An exception is raised if any dependency information
cannot be loaded.

=item $depends->add_deps (@deps)

Add modules listed in I<@deps> as dependencies.

=item (hashes) = $depends->get_deps

Fetch information on the dependencies of I<$depends> as a hash of hashes,
which are dependency information indexed by module name.  See C<load>.

=item $depends->set_inc (@newinc)

Add strings to the includes or cflags variables.

=item $depends->set_libs (@newlibs)

Add strings to the libs (linker flags) variable.

=item $depends->add_pm (%pm_files)

Add files to the hash to be passed through ExtUtils::WriteMakefile's
PM key.

=item $depends->add_xs (@xs_files)

Add xs files to be compiled.

=item $depends->add_c (@c_files)

Add C files to be compiled.

=item $depends->add_typemaps (@typemaps)

Add typemap files to be used and installed.

=item $depends->add_headers (list)

No-op, for backward compatibility.

=item $depends->install (@files)

Install I<@files> to the data directory for I<$depends>.

This actually works by adding them to the hash of pm files that gets
passed through WriteMakefile's PM key.

=item $depends->save_config ($filename)

Save the important information from I<$depends> to I<$filename>, and
set it up to be installed as I<name>::Install::Files.

Note: the actual value of I<$filename> is unimportant so long as it
doesn't clash with any other local files. It will be installed as

=item hash = $depends->get_makefile_vars

Return the information in I<$depends> in a format digestible by

This sets at least the following keys:


And these if there is data to fill them:


=item hashref = ExtUtils::Depends::load (name)

Load and return dependency information for I<name>.  Croaks if no such
information can be found.  The information is returned as an anonymous
hash containing these keys:


=item instpath

The absolute path to the data install directory for this module.

=item typemaps

List of absolute pathnames for this module's typemap files.

=item inc

CFLAGS string for this module.

=item libs

LIBS string for this module.

=item deps

List of modules on which this one depends.  This key will not exist when
loading files created by old versions of ExtUtils::Depends.


If you want to make module I<name> support this, you must provide
a module I<name>::Install::Files, which on loading will implement the
following class methods:

  $hashref = name::Install::Files->Inline('C');
  # hash to contain any necessary TYPEMAPS (array-ref), LIBS, INC
  @deps = name::Install::Files->deps;
  # any modules on which "name" depends

An easy way to achieve this is to use the method
L</"$depends-E<gt>save_config ($filename)">, but your package may have
different facilities already.

=item $depends->load_deps

Load I<$depends> dependencies, by calling C<load> on each dependency module.
This is usually done for you, and should only be needed if you want to call
C<get_deps> after calling C<add_deps> manually.


=head1 SUPPORT

=head2 Bugs/Feature Requests

Version 0.2 discards some of the more esoteric features provided by the
older versions.  As they were completely undocumented, and this module
has yet to reach 1.0, this may not exactly be a bug.

This module is tightly coupled to the ExtUtils::MakeMaker architecture.

You can submit new bugs/feature requests by using one of two bug trackers


=item CPAN Request Tracker

You can submit bugs/feature requests via the web by going to
L<> (requires
PAUSE ID or Bitcard), or by sending an e-mail to
L<bug-ExtUtils-Depends at>.

=item Bugzilla

Report bugs/feature requests to the 'gnome-perl' product (requires login)


Patches that implement new features with test cases, and/or test cases that
exercise existing bugs are always welcome.

The Gtk-Perl mailing list is at L<gtk-perl-list at gnome dot org>.

=head2 Source Code

The source code to L<ExtUtils::Depends> is available at the Git repo
(L<>).  Create your own
copy of the Git repo with:

  git clone git:// (Git protocol)
  git clone (HTTPS)

=head1 SEE ALSO


=head1 AUTHOR

Paolo Molaro <lupus at debian dot org> wrote the original version for
Gtk-Perl.  muppet <scott at asofyet dot org> rewrote the innards for
version 0.2, borrowing liberally from Paolo's code.


The Gtk2 project, L<>/L<gtk-perl-list at gnome dot org>.

=head1 LICENSE

This library is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.