use 5.006;
use strict;
use warnings;
package CPAN::Visitor;
# ABSTRACT: Generic traversal of distributions in a CPAN repository

our $VERSION = '0.005';

use autodie;

use Archive::Extract 0.34 ();
use File::Find ();
use File::pushd 1.00 ();
use File::Temp 0.20 ();
use Path::Class 0.17 ();
use Parallel::ForkManager 0.007005 ();

use Moose 0.93 ;
use MooseX::Params::Validate 0.13;
use namespace::autoclean 0.09 ;

has 'cpan'  => ( is => 'ro', required => 1 );
has 'quiet' => ( is => 'ro', default => 0 );
has 'stash' => ( is => 'ro', isa => 'HashRef',  default => sub { {} } );
has 'files' => ( is => 'ro', isa => 'ArrayRef', default => sub { [] } );

sub BUILD {
  my $self = shift;
  unless (
    -d $self->cpan &&
    -d Path::Class::dir($self->cpan, 'authors', 'id')
  ) {
    die "'cpan' parameter must be the root of a CPAN repository";
  }
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# selection methods
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#

my $archive_re = qr{\.(?:tar\.(?:bz2|gz|Z)|t(?:gz|bz)|zip)$}i;

sub select {
  my ($self, %params) = validated_hash( \@_,
    match    => { isa => 'RegexpRef | ArrayRef[RegexpRef]', default => [qr/./] },
    exclude  => { isa => 'RegexpRef | ArrayRef[RegexpRef]', default => [] },
    subtrees => { isa => 'Str | ArrayRef[Str]', default => [] },
    all_files => { isa => 'Bool', default => 0 },
    append => { isa => 'Bool', default => 0 },
  );

  # normalize to arrayrefs
  for my $k ( qw/match exclude subtrees/ ) {
    next unless exists $params{$k};
    next if ref $params{$k} && ref $params{$k} eq 'ARRAY';
    $params{$k} = [ $params{$k} ];
  }

  # determine search dirs
  my $id_dir = Path::Class::dir($self->cpan, qw/authors id/);
  my @search_dirs = map { $id_dir->subdir($_)->stringify } @{$params{subtrees}};
  @search_dirs = $id_dir->stringify if ! @search_dirs;

  # perform search
  my @found;
  File::Find::find(
    {
      no_chdir => 1,
      follow => 0,
      preprocess => sub { my @files = sort @_; return @files },
      wanted => sub {
        return unless -f;
        return unless $params{all_files} || /$archive_re/;
        for my $re ( @{$params{exclude}} ) {
          return if /$re/;
        }
        for my $re ( @{$params{match}} ) {
          return if ! /$re/;
        }
        (my $f = Path::Class::file($_)->relative($id_dir)) =~ s{./../}{};
        push @found, $f;
      }
    },
    @search_dirs,
  );

  if ( $params{append} ) {
    push @{$self->files}, @found;
  }
  else {
    @{$self->files} = @found;
  }
  return scalar @found;
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# default actions
#
# These are passed a "job" hashref. It is initialized with the following
# fields:
#
#   distfile -- e.g. DAGOLDEN/CPAN-Visitor-0.001.tar.gz
#   distpath -- e.g. /my/cpan/authors/id/D/DA/DAGOLDEN/CPAN-Visitor-0.001.tar.gz
#   tempdir  -- File::Temp directory object for extraction or other things
#   stash    -- the 'stash' hashref from the Visitor object
#   quiet    -- the 'quiet' flag from the Visitor object
#   result   -- an empty hashref to start; the return values from each
#               action are added and may be referenced by subsequent actions
#
# E.g. the return value from 'extract' is the directory:
#
#   $job->{result}{extract} = $unpacked_directory;
#
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#

sub _check { 1 } # always proceed

sub _start { 1 } # no special start action

# _extract returns the proper directory to chdir into
# if the $job->{stash}{prefer_bin} is true, it will tell Archive::Extract
# to use binaries
sub _extract {
  my $job = shift;
  local $Archive::Extract::DEBUG = 0;
  local $Archive::Extract::PREFER_BIN = $job->{stash}{prefer_bin} ? 1 : 0;
  local $Archive::Extract::WARN = $job->{quiet} ? 0 : 1;

  # cd to tmpdir for duration of this sub
  my $pushd = File::pushd::pushd( $job->{tempdir} );

  my $ae = Archive::Extract->new( archive => $job->{distpath} );

  my $olderr;

  # stderr > /dev/null if quiet
  if ( ! $Archive::Extract::WARN ) {
    open $olderr, ">&STDERR";
    open STDERR, ">", File::Spec->devnull;
  }

  my $extract_ok = $ae->extract;

  # restore stderr if quiet
  if ( ! $Archive::Extract::WARN ) {
    open STDERR, ">&", $olderr;
    close $olderr;
  }

  if ( ! $extract_ok ) {
    warn "Couldn't extract '$job->{distpath}'\n" if $Archive::Extract::WARN;
    return;
  }

  # most distributions unpack a single directory that we must enter
  # but some behave poorly and unpack to the current directory
  my @children = Path::Class::dir()->children;
  if ( @children == 1 && -d $children[0] ) {
    return Path::Class::dir($job->{tempdir}, $children[0])->absolute->stringify;
  }
  else {
    return Path::Class::dir($job->{tempdir})->absolute->stringify;
  }
}

sub _enter {
  my $job = shift;
  my $curdir = Path::Class::dir()->absolute;
  my $target_dir = $job->{result}{extract} or return;
  if ( -d $target_dir ) {
    unless ( -x $target_dir ) {
        warn "Directory '$target_dir' missing +x; trying to fix it\n"
            unless $job->{quiet};
        chmod 0755, $target_dir;
    }
    chdir $target_dir;
  }
  else {
    warn "Can't chdir to directory '$target_dir'\n"
      unless $job->{quiet};
    return;
  }
  return $curdir;
}

sub _visit { 1 } # do nothing

# chdir out and clean up
sub _leave {
  my $job = shift;
  chdir $job->{result}{enter};
  return 1;
}

sub _finish { 1 } # no special finish action

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# iteration methods
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#

# iterate()
#
# Arguments:
#
#   jobs -- if greater than 1, distributions are processed in parallel
#           via Parallel::ForkManager
#
# iterate() takes several optional callbacks which are run in the following
# order.  Callbacks get a single hashref argument as described above under
# default actions.
#
#   check -- whether the distribution should be processed; goes to next file
#            if false; default is always true
#
#   start -- used for any setup, logging, etc; default does nothing
#
#   extract -- extracts a distribution into a temp directory or otherwise
#              prepares for visiting; skips to finish action if it returns
#              a false value; default returns the path to the extracted
#              directory
#
#   enter -- skips to the finish action if it returns false; default takes
#            the result of extract, chdir's into it, and returns the
#            original directory
#
#   visit -- examine the distribution or otherwise do stuff; the default
#            does nothing;
#
#   leave -- default returns to the original directory (the result of enter)
#
#   finish -- any teardown processing, logging, etc.

sub iterate {
  my ($self, %params) = validated_hash( \@_,
    jobs    => { isa => 'Int', default => 0 },
    check   => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_check },
    start   => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_start },
    extract => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_extract },
    enter   => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_enter },
    visit   => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_visit },
    leave   => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_leave },
    finish  => { isa => 'CodeRef', default => \&_finish },
  );

  my $pm = Parallel::ForkManager->new( $params{jobs} > 1 ? $params{jobs} : 0 );
  for my $distfile ( @{ $self->files } ) {
    $pm->start and next;
    $self->_iterate($distfile, \%params);
    $pm->finish;
  }
  $pm->wait_all_children;
  return 1;
}

sub _iterate {
  my ($self, $distfile, $params) = @_;
  my $curdir = Path::Class::dir()->absolute;

  # $job outside eval so that later chdir to original directory
  # happens before $job is destroyed and any tempdirs deleted
  my $job;
  eval {
    $job = {
        distfile  => $distfile,
        distpath  => $self->_fullpath($distfile),
        tempdir   => File::Temp->newdir(),
        stash     => $self->stash,
        quiet     => $self->quiet,
        result    => {},
    };
    $job->{result}{check} = $params->{check}->($job) or return;
    $job->{result}{start} = $params->{start}->($job);
    ACTION: {
        $job->{result}{extract} = $params->{extract}->($job) or last ACTION;
        $job->{result}{enter} = $params->{enter}->($job) or last ACTION;
        $job->{result}{visit} = $params->{visit}->($job);
        $job->{result}{leave} = $params->{leave}->($job);
    }
    $params->{finish}->($job);
  };
  warn "Error visiting $distfile: $@\n" if $@ && ! $self->quiet;
  chdir $curdir;
  return;
}

sub _fullpath {
  my ($self, $distfile) = @_;
  my ($two, $one) = $distfile =~ /\A((.).)/;
  return Path::Class::file(
    $self->cpan, 'authors', 'id', $one, $two, $distfile
  )->absolute->stringify;
}

__PACKAGE__->meta->make_immutable;

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

CPAN::Visitor - Generic traversal of distributions in a CPAN repository

=head1 VERSION

version 0.005

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use CPAN::Visitor;
    my $visitor = CPAN::Visitor->new( cpan => "/path/to/cpan" );

    # Prepare to visit all distributions
    $visitor->select();

    # Or a subset of distributions
    $visitor->select(
      subtrees => [ 'D/DA', 'A/AD' ], # relative to authors/id/
      exclude => qr{/Acme-},          # No Acme- dists
      match => qr{/Test-}             # Only Test- dists
    );

    # Action is specified via a callback
    $visitor->iterate(
      visit => sub {
        my $job = shift;
        print $job->{distfile} if -f 'Build.PL'
      }
    );

    # Or start with a list of files
    $visitor = CPAN::Visitor->new(
      cpan => "/path/to/cpan",
      files => \@distfiles,     # e.g. ANDK/CPAN-1.94.tar.gz
    );
    $visitor->iterate( visit => \&callback );

    # Iterate in parallel
    $visitor->iterate( visit => \&callback, jobs => 5 );

=head1 DESCRIPTION

A very generic, callback-driven program to iterate over a CPAN repository.

Needs better documentation and tests, but is provided for others to examine,
use or contribute to.

=head1 USAGE

=head2 new

  my $visitor = CPAN::Visitor->new( @args );

Object attributes include:

=over 4

=item *

C<cpan> — path to CPAN or mini CPAN repository. Required.

=item *

C<quiet> — whether warnings should be silenced (e.g. from extraction). Optional.

=item *

C<stash> — hash-ref of user-data to be made available during iteration. Optional.

=item *

C<files> — array-ref with a pre-selection of of distribution files.  These must be in AUTHOR/NAME.suffix format. Optional.

=back

=head2 select

  $visitor->select( @args );

Valid arguments include:

=over 4

=item *

C<subtrees> — path or array-ref of paths to search.  These must be relative to the 'authors/id/' directory within a CPAN repo.  If given, only files within those subtrees will be considered. If not specified, the entire 'authors/id' tree is searched.

=item *

C<exclude> — qr() or array-ref of qr() patterns.  If a path matches *any* pattern, it is excluded

=item *

C<match> — qr() or array-ref of qr() patterns.  If an array-ref is provided, only paths that match *all* patterns are included

=item *

all_files — boolean that determines whether all files or only files that have a distribution archive suffix are selected.  Default is false.

=item *

append — boolean that determines whether the selected files should be appended to previously selected files. The default is false, which replaces any previous selection

=back

The C<select> method returns a count of files selected.

=head2 iterate

 $visitor->iterate( @args );

Valid arguments include:

=over 4

=item *

C<jobs> — non-negative integer specifying the maximum number of forked processes. Defaults to none.

=item *

C<check> — code reference callback

=item *

C<start> — code reference callback

=item *

C<extract> — code reference callback

=item *

C<enter> — code reference callback

=item *

C<visit> — code reference callback

=item *

C<leave> — code reference callback

=item *

C<finish> — code reference callback

=back

See L</ACTION CALLBACKS> for more.  Generally, you only need to provide the
C<visit> callback, which is called from inside the unpacked distribution
directory.

The C<iterate> method always returns true.

=for Pod::Coverage BUILD

=head1 ACTION CALLBACKS

Each selected distribution is processed with a series of callback
functions.  These are each passed a hash-ref with information about
the particular distribution being processed.

  sub _my_visit {
    my $job = shift;
    # do stuff
  }

The job hash-ref is initialized with the following fields:

=over 4

=item *

C<distfile> — the unique, short CPAN distfile name, e.g. DAGOLDEN/CPAN-Visitor-0.001.tar.gz

=item *

C<distpath> — the absolute path the distribution archive, e.g. /my/cpan/authors/id/D/DA/DAGOLDEN/CPAN-Visitor-0.001.tar.gz

=item *

C<tempdir>  — a File::Temp directory object for extraction or other things

=item *

C<stash>    — the 'stash' hashref from the Visitor object

=item *

C<quiet>    — the 'quiet' flag from the Visitor object

=item *

C<result>   — an empty hashref to start; the return values from each action are added and may be referenced by subsequent actions

=back

The C<result> field is used to accumulate the return values from action
callbacks.  For example, the return value from the default 'extract' action is
the unpacked distribution directory:

  $job->{result}{extract} # distribution directory path

You do not need to store the results yourself — the C<iterate> method
takes care of it for you.

Callbacks occur in the following order.  Some callbacks skip further
processing if the return value is false.

=over 4

=item *

C<check> — determines whether the distribution should be processed; goes to next file if false; default is always true

=item *

C<start> — used for any setup, logging, etc; default does nothing

=item *

C<extract> — operate on the tarball to prepare for visiting; skips to finish action if it returns a false value; the default extracts a distribution into a temp directory and returns the path to the extracted directory; if the C<stash> has a true value for C<prefer_bin>, binary tar, etc. will be preferred.  This is faster, but less portable.

=item *

C<enter> — skips to the finish action if it returns false; default takes the result of extract, chdir's into it, and returns the original directory; if the extract result is missing the +x permissions, this will attempt to add it before calling chdir.

=item *

C<visit> — examine the distribution or otherwise do stuff; the default does nothing;

=item *

C<leave> — default returns to the original directory (the result of enter)

=item *

C<finish> — any teardown processing, logging, etc.

=back

These allow complete customization of the iteration process.  For example,
one could do something like this:

=over 4

=item *

replace the default C<extract> callback with one that returns an arrayref of distribution files without actually unpacking it into a physical directory

=item *

replace the default C<enter> callback with one that does nothing but return a true value; replace the default C<leave> callback likewise

=item *

have the C<visit> callback get the C<< $job->{result}{extract} >> listing and examine it for the presence of certain files

=back

This could potentially speed up iteration if only the file names within
the distribution are of interest and not the contents of the actual files.

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over 4

=item *

L<App::CPAN::Mini::Visit>

=item *

L<CPAN::Mini::Visit>

=back

=for :stopwords cpan testmatrix url annocpan anno bugtracker rt cpants kwalitee diff irc mailto metadata placeholders metacpan

=head1 SUPPORT

=head2 Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests through the issue tracker
at L<https://github.com/dagolden/CPAN-Visitor/issues>.
You will be notified automatically of any progress on your issue.

=head2 Source Code

This is open source software.  The code repository is available for
public review and contribution under the terms of the license.

L<https://github.com/dagolden/CPAN-Visitor>

  git clone https://github.com/dagolden/CPAN-Visitor.git

=head1 AUTHOR

David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2010 by David Golden.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Apache License, Version 2.0, January 2004

=cut