App::lcpan::Manual::Tutorial::700_SettingUpADarkPAN - Setting up a DarkPAN mirror
A DarkPAN is a term to refer to a CPAN-like directory structure which contains regular CPAN modules plus some of your own private modules, or perhaps purely your own modules only. It can be available over the public Internet, but often not at all (hence the term "dark"). The use of CPAN-like directory makes it possible to use existing toolchain used for CPAN, including installer like cpanm.
To setup a darkpan with lcpan, you have two options. First, you can use a regular mini CPAN mirror as a basis then add some of your own. The second is you start with an empty repository and add modules as you go.
To use a mini CPAN mirror as a basis, you perform the usual steps (see 200__SettingUpAMiniCPAN), then inject your distributions using:
% lcpan inject /path/to/Your-Distribution-1.23.tar.gz
Your-Distribution-1.23.tar.gz is produced by whatever distribution builder you choose to use (e.g. Dist::Zilla). The above command will make lcpan, via OrePAN, copy the file to the local CPAN mirror as well as modify modules/02packages.details.txt.gz to include the modules inside the distribution.
However, the next 'lcpan update' will again remove your distribution from the index as lcpan will synchronize to the remote CPAN index. Either you never update the CPAN mirror, or you re-inject your distributions after every 'lcpan update'; both of which are not convenient. The future lcpan version will add a pinning mechanism to retain your injected distribution and when that version is released this page will be updated accordingly.
To start from an empty repository, you can use OrePAN:
% mkdir -p /path/to/your/darkpan
% orepan.pl --destination=/path/to/your/darkpan --pause=YOURID /path/to/Your-Distribution-1.23.tar.gz
YOURID is an arbitrary PAUSE-ID-like ID you can choose.
After that, to index this repository using lcpan, you can add these lines to your lcpan configuration:
% lcpan --config-profile=darkpan update --verbose
The use_bootstrap=0 setting will prevent lcpan from using a mini CPAN index bootstrap. You can add a shell alias to make the above command more convenient e.g.:
alias lcpan-darkpan="lcpan --config-profile=darkpan"
To install modules from your DarkPAN, you can use:
% cpanm --mirror file:/path/to/your/darkpan -n MODULE::NAME
This will make cpanm fallback to a regular remote CPAN mirror when a module or a dependency does not exist on the DarkPAN. To add more mirrors, you simply specify more:
% cpanm --mirror file:/path/to/your/darkpan --mirror file:/path/to/cpan -n MODULE::NAME
Using the previously created alias:
% lcpan-darkpan mods -l ;# list all modules in your DarkPAN
# and so on
If you want to query over HTTP, there's App::lcpan::Daemon which is a PSGI application you can run with a PSGI-compliant webserver.
If you want a nice web interface like MetaCPAN for your local mini CPAN mirror, currently you're out of luck. Maybe I or someone else will get around to it. Note that you can also setup a MetaCPAN of your own, but it's more involved.
This software is copyright (c) 2021, 2020 by firstname.lastname@example.org.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
To install App::lcpan::Manual, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.