=head1 NAME

Apache2::RequestRec - Perl API for Apache request record accessors




=head1 Synopsis

  use Apache2::RequestRec ();
  
  # set supported by the handler HTTP methods
  $allowed = $r->allowed();
  
  # auth type
  $auth_type = $r->ap_auth_type();
  
  # QUERY_STRING
  $args = $r->args();
  
  # non-parsed-headers handler
  $status = $r->assbackwards();
  
  # how many bytes were sent
  $bytes_sent = $r->bytes_sent();
  
  # client connection record
  $c = $r->connection();
  
  # "Content-Encoding" HTTP response header
  $r->content_encoding("gzip");
  
  # the languages of the content
  $languages = $r->content_languages();
  
  # "Content-Encoding" HTTP response header
  $r->content_type('text/plain');
  
  # special response headers table
  $err_headers_out = $r->err_headers_out();
  
  # request mapped filename
  $filename = $r->filename();
  
  # request finfo
  $finfo = $r->finfo();
  
  # 'SetHandler perl-script' equivalent
  $r->handler('perl-script');
  
  # was it a HEAD request?
  $status = $r->header_only();
  
  # request input headers table
  $headers_in = $r->headers_in();
  
  # request output headers table
  $headers_out = $r->headers_out();
  
  # hostname
  $hostname = $r->hostname();
  
  # input filters stack
  $input_filters = $r->input_filters();
  
  # get the main request obj in a sub-request
  $main_r = $r->main();
  
  # what's the current request (GET/POST/etc)?
  $method = $r->method();
  
  # what's the current method number?
  $methnum = $r->method_number();
  
  # current resource last modified time
  $mtime = $r->mtime();
  
  # next request object (in redirect)
  $next_r = $r->next();
  
  # there is no local copy
  $r->no_local_copy();
  
  # Apache ascii notes table
  $notes = $r->notes();
  
  # output filters stack
  $output_filters = $r->output_filters();
  
  # PATH_INFO
  $path_info = $r->path_info();
  
  # used in configuration directives modules
  $per_dir_config = $r->per_dir_config();
  
  # pool with life span of the current request
  $p = $r->pool();
  
  # previous request object in the internal redirect
  $prev_r = $r->prev();
  
  # connection level input filters stack
  $proto_input_filters = $r->proto_input_filters();
  
  # HTTP protocol version number
  $proto_num = $r->proto_num();
  
  # connection level output filters stack
  $proto_output_filters = $r->proto_output_filters();
  
  # the protocol, the client speaks: "HTTP/1.0", "HTTP/1.1", etc.
  $protocol = $r->protocol();
  
  # is it a proxy request
  $status = $r->proxyreq($val);
  
  # Time when the request started
  $request_time = $r->request_time();
  
  # server object
  $s = $r->server();
  
  # response status
  $status = $r->status();
  
  # response status line
  $status_line = $r->status_line();
  
  # manipulate %ENV of the subprocess
  $r->subprocess_env;
  $r->subprocess_env($key => $val);
  
  # first HTTP request header
  $request = $r->the_request();
  
  # the URI without any parsing performed
  $unparsed_uri = $r->unparsed_uri();
  
  # The path portion of the URI
  $uri = $r->uri();
  
  # auth username
  $user = $r->user();




=head1 Description

C<Apache2::RequestRec> provides the Perl API for Apache request_rec
object.

The following packages extend the C<Apache2::RequestRec> functionality:
C<L<Apache2::Access|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Access>>,
C<L<Apache2::Log|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Log>>,
C<L<Apache2::RequestIO|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestIO>>,
C<L<Apache2::RequestUtil|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestUtil>>,
C<L<Apache2::Response|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Response>>,
C<L<Apache2::SubRequest|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::SubRequest>> and
C<L<Apache2::URI|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::URI>>.





=head1 API

C<Apache2::RequestRec> provides the following functions and/or methods:



=head2 C<allowed>

Get/set the allowed methods bitmask.

  $allowed      = $r->allowed();
  $prev_allowed = $r->allowed($new_allowed);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_allowed> ( bitmask )

Set the bitvector.

=item ret: C<$allowed> ( bitmask )

returns C<$allowed>, which is a bitvector of the allowed methods.

If the C<$new_allowed> argument is passed, the value before the change
is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

A handler must ensure that the request method is one that it is
capable of handling.  Generally modules should C<Apache2::DECLINE> any
request methods they do not handle.  Prior to aborting the handler
like this the handler should set C<$r-E<gt>allowed> to the list of
methods that it is willing to handle.  This bitvector is used to
construct the C<"Allow:"> header required for C<OPTIONS> requests, and
C<Apache2::Const::HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED> (405) and
C<Apache2::Const::HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED> (501) status codes.

Since the default Apache handler deals with the C<OPTIONS> method, all
response handlers can usually decline to deal with C<OPTIONS>. For
example if the response handler handles only C<GET> and C<POST>
methods, and not C<OPTIONS>, it may want to say:

   use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(OK DECLINED M_GET M_POST M_OPTIONS);
   if ($r->method_number == Apache2::Const::M_OPTIONS) {
       $r->allowed($r->allowed | (1<<Apache2::Const::M_GET) | (1<<Apache2::Const::M_POST));
       return Apache2::Const::DECLINED;
   }

C<TRACE> is always allowed, modules don't need to set it explicitly.

Since the default_handler will always handle a C<GET>, a module which
does *not* implement C<GET> should probably return
C<Apache2::Const::HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED>.  Unfortunately this means that a
script C<GET> handler can't be installed by mod_actions.

For example, if the module can handle only POST method it could start
with:

   use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(M_POST HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED);
   unless ($r->method_number == Apache2::Const::M_POST) {
       $r->allowed($r->allowed | (1<<Apache2::Const::M_POST));
       return Apache2::Const::HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED;
   }




=head2 C<ap_auth_type>

If an authentication check was made, get or set the I<ap_auth_type>
slot in the request record

  $auth_type = $r->ap_auth_type();
  $r->ap_auth_type($newval);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$newval> (string)

If this argument is passed then a new auth type is assigned. For example:

  $r->auth_type('Basic');

=item ret: C<$auth_type> (string)

If C<$newval> is passed, nothing is returned. Otherwise the current
auth type is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

I<ap_auth_type> holds the authentication type that has been negotiated
between the client and server during the actual request.  Generally,
I<ap_auth_type> is populated automatically when you call
C<$r-E<gt>get_basic_auth_pw> so you don't really need to worry too
much about it, but if you want to roll your own authentication
mechanism then you will have to populate I<ap_auth_type> yourself.

Note that C<$r-E<gt>ap_auth_type> was
C<$r-E<gt>connection-E<gt>auth_type> in the mod_perl 1.0 API.







=head2 C<args>

Get/set the request QUERY string

  $args      = $r->args();
  $prev_args = $r->args($new_args);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_args> ( string )

Optionally set the new QUERY string

=item ret: C<$args> ( string )

The current QUERY string

If C<$new_args> was passed, returns the value before the change.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back









=head2 C<assbackwards>

When set to a true value, Apache won't send any HTTP response headers
allowing you to send any headers.

  $status      = $r->assbackwards();
  $prev_status = $r->assbackwards($newval);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$newval> (integer)

assign a new state.

=item ret: C<$status> (integer)

current state.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

If you send your own set of headers, which includes the C<Keep-Alive>
HTTP response header, you must make sure to increment the number of
requests served over this connection (which is normally done by the
core connection output filter C<ap_http_header_filter>, but skipped
when C<assbackwards> is enabled).

  $r->connection->keepalives($r->connection->keepalives + 1);

otherwise code relying on the value of
C<L<$r-E<gt>connection-E<gt>keepalives|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Connection/C_keepalives_>>
may malfunction. For example, this counter is used to tell when a new
request is coming in over the same connection to a filter that wants
to parse only HTTP headers (like
C<Apache2::Filter::HTTPHeadersFixup>). Of course you will need to set
C<L<$r-E<gt>connection-E<gt>keepalive(1)|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Connection/C_keepalive_>>
) as well.







=head2 C<bytes_sent>

The number of bytes sent to the client, handy for logging, etc.

  $bytes_sent = $r->bytes_sent();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$bytes_sent> (integer)

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

Though as of this writing in Apache 2.0 it doesn't really do what it
did in Apache 1.3. It's just set to the size of the response body.
The issue is that buckets from one request may get buffered and not
sent during the lifetime of the request, so it's not easy to give a
truly accurate count of "bytes sent to the network for this response".















=head2 C<connection>

Get the client connection record

  $c = $r->connection();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$c>
( C<L<Apache2::Connection object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Connection>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head2 C<content_encoding>

Get/set content encoding (the "Content-Encoding" HTTP header).
Content encodings are string like I<"gzip"> or I<"compress">.

  $ce      = $r->content_encoding();
  $prev_ce = $r->content_encoding($new_ce);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_ce> ( string )

If passed, sets the content encoding to a new value. It must be a
lowercased string.

=item ret: C<$ce> ( string )

The current content encoding.

If C<$new_ce> is passed, then the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For example, here is how to send a gzip'ed response:

  require Compress::Zlib;
  $r->content_type("text/plain");
  $r->content_encoding("gzip");
  $r->print(Compress::Zlib::memGzip("some text to be gzipped));








=head2 C<content_languages>

Get/set content languages (the C<"Content-Language"> HTTP header).
Content languages are string like I<"en"> or I<"fr">.

  $languages = $r->content_languages();
  $prev_lang = $r->content_languages($nev_lang);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_lang> ( ARRAY ref )

If passed, sets the content languages to new values. It must be an
ARRAY reference of language names, like I<"en"> or I<"fr">

=item ret: C<$languages> ( ARRAY ref )

The current list of content languages, as an ARRAY reference.

If C<$new_lang> is passed, then the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back








=head2 C<content_type>

Get/set the HTTP response I<Content-type> header value.

  my $content_type      = $r->content_type();
  my $prev_content_type = $r->content_type($new_content_type);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_content_type> (MIME type string)

Assign a new HTTP response content-type. It will affect the response
only if HTTP headers weren't sent yet.

=item ret: C<$content_type>

The current content-type value.

If C<$new_content_type> was passed, the previous value is returned
instead.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For example, set the C<Content-type> header to I<text/plain>.

  $r->content_type('text/plain');

If you set this header via the
C<L<headers_out|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec/C_headers_out_>>
table directly, it will be ignored by Apache. So do not do that.








=head2 C<err_headers_out>

Get/set MIME response headers, printed even on errors and persist
across internal redirects.

  $err_headers_out = $r->err_headers_out();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$err_headers_out>
( C<L<APR::Table object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

The difference between C<L<headers_out|/C_headers_out_>> and
C<err_headers_out>, is that the latter are printed even on error, and
persist across internal redirects (so the headers printed for
C<ErrorDocument> handlers will have them).

For example, if a handler wants to return a 404 response, but
nevertheless to set a cookie, it has to be:

  $r->err_headers_out->add('Set-Cookie' => $cookie);
  return Apache2::Const::NOT_FOUND;

If the handler does:

  $r->headers_out->add('Set-Cookie' => $cookie);
  return Apache2::Const::NOT_FOUND;

the C<Set-Cookie> header won't be sent.






=head2 C<filename>

Get/set the filename on disk corresponding to this response (the
result of the I<URI --E<gt> filename> translation).

  $filename      = $r->filename();
  $prev_filename = $r->filename($new_filename);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_filename> ( string )

new value

=item ret: C<$filename> ( string )

the current filename, or the previous value if the optional
C<$new_filename> argument was passed

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

Note that if you change the filename after the
C<L<PerlMapToStorageHandler|docs::2.0::user::handlers::http/PerlMapToStorageHandler>>
phase was run and expect Apache to serve it, you need to update its
C<stat> record, like so:

  use Apache2::RequestRec ();
  use APR::Finfo ();
  use APR::Const -compile => qw(FINFO_NORM);
  $r->filename($newfile);
  $r->finfo(APR::Finfo::stat($newfile, APR::Const::FINFO_NORM, $r->pool));

if you don't, Apache will still try to use the previously cached
information about the previously set value of the filename.







=head2 C<finfo>

Get and set the I<finfo> request record member:

  $finfo = $r->finfo();
  $r->finfo($finfo);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$finfo>
( C<L<APR::Finfo object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Finfo>> )

=item ret: C<$finfo>
( C<L<APR::Finfo object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Finfo>> )

Always returns the current object.

Due to the internal Apache implementation it's not possible to have
two different objects originating from C<$r-E<gt>finfo> at the same
time. Whenever C<$r-E<gt>finfo> is updated all objects will be updated
too to the latest value.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

Most of the time, this method is used to get the C<finfo> member. The
only reason you may want to set it is you need to use it before the
Apache's default map_to_storage phase is called.

Examples:

=over

=item *

What Apache thinks is the current request filename (post the
C<L<PerlMapToStorageHandler|docs::2.0::user::handlers::http/PerlMapToStorageHandler>>
phase):

  use Apache2::RequestRec ();
  use APR::Finfo ();
  print $r->finfo->fname;

=item *

Populate the C<finfo> member (normally, before the
C<L<PerlMapToStorageHandler|docs::2.0::user::handlers::http/PerlMapToStorageHandler>>
phase):

  use APR::Finfo ();
  use APR::Const -compile => qw(FINFO_NORM);
  
  my $finfo = APR::Finfo::stat(__FILE__, APR::Const::FINFO_NORM, $r->pool);
  $r->finfo($finfo);

=back






=head2 C<handler>

Get/set the equivalent of the C<SetHandler> directive.

  $handler      = $r->handler();
  $prev_handler = $r->handler($new_handler);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_handler> ( string )

the new handler.

=item ret: C<$handler> ( string )

the current handler.

If C<$new_handler> is passed, the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head2 C<header_only>

Did the client has asked for headers only? e.g. if the request method
was B<HEAD>.

  $status = $r->header_only();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$status> ( boolean )

Returns true if the client is asking for headers only, false otherwise

=item since: 2.0.00

=back






=head2 C<headers_in>

Get/set the request MIME headers:

  $headers_in = $r->headers_in();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$headers_in>
( C<L<APR::Table object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

This table is available starting from the
C<L<PerlHeaderParserHandler|docs::2.0::user::handlers::http/PerlHeaderParserHandler>>
phase.

For example you can use it to retrieve the cookie value sent by the
client, in the C<Cookie:> header:

    my $cookie = $r->headers_in->{Cookie} || '';







=head2 C<headers_out>

Get/set MIME response headers, printed only on 2xx responses.

  $headers_out = $r->headers_out();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$headers_out>
( C<L<APR::Table object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

See also C<L<err_headers_out|/C_err_headers_out_>>, which allows to
set headers for non-2xx responses and persist across internal
redirects.








=head2 C<hostname>

Host, as set by full URI or Host:

  $hostname = $r->hostname();
  $prev_hostname = $r->hostname($new_hostname);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_hostname> ( string )

new value

=item ret: C<$hostname> ( string )

the current hostname, or the previous value if the optional
C<$new_hostname> argument was passed

=item since: 2.0.00

=back









=head2 C<input_filters>

Get/set the first filter in a linked list of request level input
filters:

  $input_filters      = $r->input_filters();
  $prev_input_filters = $r->input_filters($new_input_filters);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_input_filters>

Set a new value

=item ret: C<$input_filters>
( C<L<Apache2::Filter object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Filter>> )

The first filter in the request level input filters chain.

If C<$new_input_filters> was passed, returns the previous value.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For example instead of using
C<L<$r-E<gt>read()|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestIO/C_read_>> to read
the POST data, one could use an explicit walk through incoming bucket
brigades to get that data. The following function C<read_post()> does
just that (in fact that's what
C<L<$r-E<gt>read()|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestIO/C_read_>> does
behind the scenes):

  use APR::Brigade ();
  use APR::Bucket ();
  use Apache2::Filter ();
  
  use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(MODE_READBYTES);
  use APR::Const    -compile => qw(SUCCESS BLOCK_READ);
  
  use constant IOBUFSIZE => 8192;
  
  sub read_post {
      my $r = shift;
  
      my $bb = APR::Brigade->new($r->pool,
                                 $r->connection->bucket_alloc);
  
      my $data = '';
      my $seen_eos = 0;
      do {
          $r->input_filters->get_brigade($bb, Apache2::Const::MODE_READBYTES,
                                         APR::Const::BLOCK_READ, IOBUFSIZE);
  
          for (my $b = $bb->first; $b; $b = $bb->next($b)) {
              if ($b->is_eos) {
                  $seen_eos++;
                  last;
              }
  
              if ($b->read(my $buf)) {
                  $data .= $buf;
              }
  
              $b->remove; # optimization to reuse memory
          }
  
      } while (!$seen_eos);
  
      $bb->destroy;
  
      return $data;
  }

As you can see C<$r-E<gt>input_filters> gives us a pointer to the last
of the top of the incoming filters stack.







=head2 C<main>

Get the main request record

  $main_r = $r->main();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$main_r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

If the current request is a sub-request, this method returns a blessed
reference to the main request structure. If the current request is the
main request, then this method returns C<undef>.

To figure out whether you are inside a main request or a
sub-request/internal redirect, use
C<L<$r-E<gt>is_initial_req|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestUtil/C_is_initial_req_>>.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back






=head2 C<method>

Get/set the current request method (e.g. C<GET>, C<HEAD>, C<POST>, etc.):

  $method     = $r->method();
  $pre_method = $r->method($new_method);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_method> ( string )

a new value

=item ret: C<$method> ( string )

The current method as a string

if C<$new_method> was passed the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back






=head2 C<method_number>

Get/set the HTTP method, issued by the client (C<Apache2::Const::M_GET>,
C<Apache2::Const::M_POST>, etc.)

  $methnum      = $r->method_number();
  $prev_methnum = $r->method_number($new_methnum);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_methnum> ( C<L<Apache2::Const :methods
constant|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Const/C__methods_>> )

a new value

=item ret: C<$methnum> ( C<L<Apache2::Const :methods
constant|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Const/C__methods_>> )

The current method as a number

if C<$new_methnum> was passed the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

See the C<L<$r-E<gt>allowed|/C_allowed_>> entry for examples.









=head2 C<mtime>

Last modified time of the requested resource

  $mtime      = $r->mtime();
  $prev_mtime = $r->mtime($new_mtime);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_mtime> (epoch seconds).

a new value

=item ret: C<$mtime> (epoch seconds).

the current value

if C<$new_mtime> was passed the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back








=head2 C<next>

Pointer to the redirected request if this is an external redirect

  $next_r = $r->next();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$next_r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

returns a blessed reference to the next (internal) request structure
or C<undef> if there is no next request.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back




=head2 C<no_local_copy>

There is no local copy of this response

  $status = $r->no_local_copy();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$status> (integer)

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

Used internally in certain sub-requests to prevent sending
C<Apache2::Const::HTTP_NOT_MODIFIED> for a fragment or error documents. For
example see the implementation in F<modules/filters/mod_include.c>.

Also used internally in
C<L<$r-E<gt>meets_conditions|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Response/C_meets_conditions_>>
-- if set to a true value, the conditions are always met.









=head2 C<notes>

Get/set text notes for the duration of this request. These notes can
be passed from one module to another (not only mod_perl, but modules
in any other language):

  $notes      = $r->notes();
  $prev_notes = $r->notes($new_notes);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_notes>
( C<L<APR::Table object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>> )

=item ret: C<$notes>
( C<L<APR::Table object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>> )

the current notes table.

if the C<$new_notes> argument was passed, returns the previous value.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

If you want to pass Perl structures, you can use
C<L<$r-E<gt>pnotes|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestUtil/C_pnotes_>>.

Also see
C<L<$c-E<gt>notes|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Connection/C_notes_>>







=head2 C<output_filters>

Get the first filter in a linked list of request level output filters:

  $output_filters      = $r->output_filters();
  $prev_output_filters = $r->output_filters($new_output_filters);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_output_filters>

Set a new value

=item ret: C<$output_filters>
( C<L<Apache2::Filter object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Filter>> )

The first filter in the request level output filters chain.

If C<$new_output_filters> was passed, returns the previous value.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For example instead of using
C<L<$r-E<gt>print()|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestIO/C_print_>> to
send the response body, one could send the data directly to the first
output filter. The following function C<send_response_body()> does
just that:

  use APR::Brigade ();
  use APR::Bucket ();
  use Apache2::Filter ();
  
  sub send_response_body {
      my ($r, $data) = @_;
  
      my $bb = APR::Brigade->new($r->pool,
                                 $r->connection->bucket_alloc);
  
      my $b = APR::Bucket->new($bb->bucket_alloc, $data);
      $bb->insert_tail($b);
      $r->output_filters->fflush($bb);
      $bb->destroy;
  }

In fact that's what
C<L<$r-E<gt>read()|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestIO/C_read_>> does
behind the scenes. But it also knows to parse HTTP headers passed
together with the data and it also implements buffering, which the
above function does not.









=head2 C<path_info>

Get/set the C<PATH_INFO>, what is left in the path after the I<URI
--E<gt> filename> translation:

  $path_info      = $r->path_info();
  $prev_path_info = $r->path_info($path_info);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$path_info> ( string )

Set a new value

=item ret: C<$path_info> ( string )

Return the current value.

If the optional argument C<$path_info> is passed, the previous value
is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back






=head2 C<per_dir_config>

Get the dir config vector:

  $per_dir_config = $r->per_dir_config();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$per_dir_config>
( C<L<Apache2::ConfVector object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec/C_per_dir_config_>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For an indepth discussion, refer to the L<Apache Server Configuration
Customization in Perl chapter|docs::2.0::user::config::custom>.








=head2 C<pool>

The pool associated with the request

  $p = $r->pool();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$p> ( C<L<APR::Pool object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Pool>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back








=head2 C<prev>

Pointer to the previous request if this is an internal redirect

  $prev_r = $r->prev();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$prev_r> ( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

a blessed reference to the previous (internal) request structure or
C<undef> if there is no previous request.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head2 C<proto_input_filters>

Get the first filter in a linked list of protocol level input filters:

  $proto_input_filters      = $r->proto_input_filters();
  $prev_proto_input_filters = $r->proto_input_filters($new_proto_input_filters);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_proto_input_filters>

Set a new value

=item ret: C<$proto_input_filters>
( C<L<Apache2::Filter object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Filter>> )

The first filter in the protocol level input filters chain.

If C<$new_proto_input_filters> was passed, returns the previous value.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

C<$r-E<gt>proto_input_filters> points to the same filter as
C<L<$r-E<gt>connection-E<gt>input_filters|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Connection/C_input_filters_>>.







=head2 C<proto_num>

Get current request's HTTP protocol version number

  $proto_num = $r->proto_num();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$proto_num> (integer)

current request's HTTP protocol version number, e.g.: HTTP/1.0 ==
1000, HTTP/1.1 = 1001

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head2 C<proto_output_filters>

Get the first filter in a linked list of protocol level output
filters:

  $proto_output_filters      = $r->proto_output_filters();
  $prev_proto_output_filters = $r->proto_output_filters($new_proto_output_filters);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_proto_output_filters>

Set a new value

=item ret: C<$proto_output_filters>
( C<L<Apache2::Filter object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Filter>> )

The first filter in the protocol level output filters chain.

If C<$new_proto_output_filters> was passed, returns the previous value.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

C<$r-E<gt>proto_output_filters> points to the same filter as
C<L<$r-E<gt>connection-E<gt>output_filters|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Connection/C_output_filters_>>.







=head2 C<protocol>

Get a string identifying the protocol that the client speaks.

  $protocol = $r->protocol();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$protocl> ( string )

Typical values are C<"HTTP/1.0"> or C<"HTTP/1.1">.

If the client didn't specify the protocol version, the default is
C<"HTTP/0.9">

=item since: 2.0.00

=back






=head2 C<proxyreq>

Get/set the I<proxyrec> request record member and optionally adjust
other related fields.

  $status = $r->proxyreq($val);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$val> ( integer )

PROXYREQ_NONE, PROXYREQ_PROXY, PROXYREQ_REVERSE, PROXYREQ_RESPONSE

=item ret: C<$status> ( integer )

If C<$val> is defined the I<proxyrec> member will be set to that value
and previous value will be returned.

If C<$val> is not passed, and C<$r-E<gt>proxyreq> is not true, and the
proxy request is matching the current vhost (scheme, hostname and
port), the I<proxyrec> member will be set to PROXYREQ_PROXY and that value
will be returned. In addition C<$r-E<gt>uri> is set to C<$r-E<gt>unparsed_uri>
and C<$r-E<gt>filename> is set to C<"modperl-proxy:".$r-E<gt>uri>. If
those conditions aren't true 0 is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For example to turn a normal request into a proxy request to be
handled on the same server in the C<PerlTransHandler> phase run:

  my $real_url = $r->unparsed_uri;
  $r->proxyreq(Apache2::Const::PROXYREQ_PROXY);
  $r->uri($real_url);
  $r->filename("proxy:$real_url");
  $r->handler('proxy-server');

Also remember that if you want to turn a proxy request into a
non-proxy request, it's not enough to call:

  $r->proxyreq(Apache2::Const::PROXYREQ_NONE);

You need to adjust C<$r-E<gt>uri> and C<$r-E<gt>filename> as well if
you run that code in C<PerlPostReadRequestHandler> phase, since if you
don't -- C<mod_proxy>'s own post_read_request handler will override
your settings (as it will run after the mod_perl handler).

And you may also want to add

  $r->set_handlers(PerlResponseHandler => []);

so that any response handlers which match apache directives
will not run in addition to the mod_proxy content handler.







=head2 C<request_time>

Time when the request started

  $request_time = $r->request_time();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$request_time> (epoch seconds).

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head2 C<server>

Get the C<L<Apache2::Server|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::ServerRec>> object for
the server the request C<$r> is running under.

  $s = $r->server();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$s>
( C<L<Apache2::ServerRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::ServerRec>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head2 C<status>

Get/set the reply status for the client request.

  $status      = $r->status();
  $prev_status = $r->status($new_status);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_status> ( integer )

If C<$new_status> is passed the new status is assigned.

Normally you would use some C<L<Apache2::Const
constant|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::Const>>, e.g. C<Apache2::Const::REDIRECT>.

=item ret: C<$newval> ( integer )

The current value.

If C<$new_status> is passed the old value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

Usually you will set this value indirectly by returning the status
code as the handler's function result.  However, there are rare
instances when you want to trick Apache into thinking that the module
returned an C<Apache2::Const::OK> status code, but actually send the browser a
non-OK status. This may come handy when implementing an HTTP proxy
handler.  The proxy handler needs to send to the client, whatever
status code the proxied server has returned, while returning
C<Apache2::Const::OK> to Apache. e.g.:

  $r->status($some_code);
  return Apache2::Const::OK

See also C<L<$r-E<gt>status_line|/C_status_line_>>, which. if set,
overrides C<$r-E<gt>status>.







=head2 C<status_line>

Get/set the response status line.  The status line is a string like
"200 Document follows" and it will take precedence over the value
specified using the C<$r-E<gt>status()> described above.

  $status_line      = $r->status_line();
  $prev_status_line = $r->status_line($new_status_line);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_status_line> ( string )

=item ret: C<$status_line> ( string )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

When discussing C<L<$r-E<gt>status|/C_status_>> we have mentioned that
sometimes a handler runs to a successful completion, but may need to
return a different code, which is the case with the proxy
server. Assuming that the proxy handler forwards to the client
whatever response the proxied server has sent, it'll usually use
C<status_line()>, like so:

  $r->status_line($response->code() . ' ' . $response->message());
  return Apache2::Const::OK;

In this example C<$response> could be for example an C<HTTP::Response>
object, if C<LWP::UserAgent> was used to implement the proxy.

This method is also handy when you extend the HTTP protocol and add
new response codes. For example you could invent a new error code and
tell Apache to use that in the response like so:

  $r->status_line("499 We have been FooBared");
  return Apache2::Const::OK;

Here C<499> is the new response code, and I<We have been FooBared> is
the custom response message.








=head2 C<subprocess_env>

Get/set the Apache C<subprocess_env> table, or optionally set the
value of a named entry.

               $r->subprocess_env;
  $env_table = $r->subprocess_env;
  
         $r->subprocess_env($key => $val);
  $val = $r->subprocess_env($key);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$key> ( string )

=item opt arg2: C<$val> ( string )

=item ret: C<...>

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

When called in VOID context with no arguments, it populate C<%ENV>
with special variables (e.g. C<$ENV{QUERY_STRING}>) like mod_cgi
does.

When called in a non-VOID context with no arguments, it returns an
C<L<APR::Table object|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>>.

When the C<$key> argument (string) is passed, it returns the
corresponding value (if such exists, or C<undef>. The following two
lines are equivalent:

  $val = $r->subprocess_env($key);
  $val = $r->subprocess_env->get($key);

When the C<$key> and the C<$val> arguments (strings) are passed, the
value is set. The following two lines are equivalent:

  $r->subprocess_env($key => $val);
  $r->subprocess_env->set($key => $val);

The C<subprocess_env> C<L<table|docs::2.0::api::APR::Table>> is used
by C<L<Apache2::SubProcess|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::SubProcess>>, to
pass environment variables to externally spawned processes. It's also
used by various Apache modules, and you should use this table to pass
the environment variables. For example if in
C<PerlHeaderParserHandler> you do:

   $r->subprocess_env(MyLanguage => "de");

you can then deploy C<mod_include> and write in I<.shtml> document:

   <!--#if expr="$MyLanguage = en" -->
   English
   <!--#elif expr="$MyLanguage = de" -->
   Deutsch
   <!--#else -->
   Sorry
   <!--#endif -->










=head2 C<the_request>

First HTTP request header

  $request = $r->the_request();
  $old_request = $r->uri($new_request);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_request> ( string )

=item ret: C<$request> ( string )

For example:

  GET /foo/bar/my_path_info?args=3 HTTP/1.0

=item since: 2.0.00

=back









=head2 C<unparsed_uri>

The URI without any parsing performed

  $unparsed_uri = $r->unparsed_uri();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$unparsed_uri> ( string )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

If for example the request was:

  GET /foo/bar/my_path_info?args=3 HTTP/1.0

C<L<$r-E<gt>uri|/C_uri_>> returns:

  /foo/bar/my_path_info

whereas C<$r-E<gt>unparsed_uri> returns:

  /foo/bar/my_path_info?args=3







=head2 C<uri>

The path portion of the URI

  $uri         = $r->uri();
  my $prec_uri = $r->uri($new_uri);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_uri> ( string )

=item ret: C<$uri> ( string )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

See the example in the C<L<$r-E<gt>unparsed_uri|/C_unparsed_uri_>>
section.








=head2 C<user>

Get the user name, if an authentication process was successful. Or
set it.

  $user      = $r->user();
  $prev_user = $r->user($new_user);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$new_user> ( string )

Pass C<$new_user> to set a new value

=item ret: C<$user> ( string )

The current username if an authentication process was successful.

If C<$new_user> was passed, the previous value is returned.

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

For example, let's print the username passed by the client:

  my ($res, $sent_pw) = $r->get_basic_auth_pw;
  return $res if $res != Apache2::Const::OK;
  print "User: ", $r->user;








=head1 Unsupported API

C<Apache2::RequestRec> also provides auto-generated Perl interface for
a few other methods which aren't tested at the moment and therefore
their API is a subject to change. These methods will be finalized
later as a need arises. If you want to rely on any of the following
methods please contact the L<the mod_perl development mailing
list|maillist::dev> so we can help each other take the steps necessary
to shift the method to an officially supported API.



=head2 C<allowed_methods>

META: Autogenerated - needs to be reviewed/completed

List of allowed methods

  $list = $r->allowed_methods();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$list>
( C<L<Apache2::MethodList object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::MethodList>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

META: Apache2::MethodList is not available at the moment







=head2 C<allowed_xmethods>

META: Autogenerated - needs to be reviewed/completed

Array of extension methods

  $array = $r->allowed_xmethods();

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item ret: C<$array>
( C<L<APR::ArrayHeader object|docs::2.0::api::APR::ArrayHeader>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back

META: APR::ArrayHeader is not available at the moment







=head2 C<request_config>

Config vector containing pointers to request's per-server config
structures

  $ret = $r->request_config($newval);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item opt arg1: C<$newval>
( C<L<Apache2::ConfVector object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec/C_per_dir_config_>> )

=item since: 2.0.00

=back





=head2 C<used_path_info>

META: Autogenerated - needs to be reviewed/completed

Flag for the handler to accept or reject path_info on
the current request.  All modules should respect the
AP_REQ_ACCEPT_PATH_INFO and AP_REQ_REJECT_PATH_INFO
values, while AP_REQ_DEFAULT_PATH_INFO indicates they
may follow existing conventions.  This is set to the
user's preference upon HOOK_VERY_FIRST of the fixups.

  $ret = $r->used_path_info($newval);

=over 4

=item obj: C<$r>
( C<L<Apache2::RequestRec object|docs::2.0::api::Apache2::RequestRec>> )

=item arg1: C<$newval> (integer)

=item since: 2.0.00

=back







=head1 See Also

L<mod_perl 2.0 documentation|docs::2.0::index>.




=head1 Copyright

mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under
The Apache Software License, Version 2.0.




=head1 Authors

L<The mod_perl development team and numerous
contributors|about::contributors::people>.

=cut