package WebService::Beeminder;

# ABSTRACT: Access the Beeminder API


use 5.010;
use strict;
use warnings;
use MooseX::Method::Signatures;
use Moose;
use WebService::Beeminder::Types qw(BeeBool Goal User);
use JSON::Any;
use LWP::UserAgent;
use Carp qw(croak);

our $VERSION = '0.003'; # VERSION: Generated by DZP::OurPkg:Version

has 'token'   => (isa => 'Str', is => 'ro', required => 1);
has 'username'=> (isa => User,  is => 'ro', default => 'me');
has 'agent'   => (              is => 'rw'); # Must act like LWP::UserAgent
has 'dryrun'  => (isa => 'Bool',is => 'ro', default => 0);
has 'apibase' => (isa => 'Str', is => 'ro', default => 'https://www.beeminder.com/api/v1'); 

# Everything needs to be able to read/write JSON.
my $json = JSON::Any->new;

sub BUILD {
    my ($self) = @_;

    # Make sure we have a user-agent, if none provided.
    if (not $self->agent) {
        $self->agent(LWP::UserAgent->new(agent => "perl/$], WebService::Beeminder/" . $self->VERSION));
    }

    return;
}


# TODO: The 'associations' parameter seems to result in EVERYTHING
# being returned, even if it's set to 'false'. As such, the handling
# of this is presently disabled.

method user(
    User    :$user  = "me",
    Str     :$goals_filter = "all" where { /^(?:all|frontburner|backburner)$/ },
    Int     :$diff_since,
#   BeeBool :$associations = 'false' does coerce,
    BeeBool :$skinny = 'false' does coerce
) {

    # AFAIK, the $user here is irrelevant, since we can only query
    # the user we're logged in as. Still, we'll respect it, in
    # case that changes in the future.

    return $self->_get(['users',"$user.json"],{
#       associations => $associations,
        goals_filter => $goals_filter,
        diff_since   => $diff_since // 'null',
        skinny       => $skinny,
    });

}


# Gets the datapoints for a goal
# DONE: 2011-11-25. This takes no parameters.
method datapoints(Goal $goal) {
    return $self->_userget( ['goals', $goal, 'datapoints.json']);
}


method add_datapoint(
    Goal    :$goal!,
    Int     :$timestamp,     # TODO: Change to a proper timestamp type.
    Num     :$value!,
    Str     :$comment = "",
    BeeBool :$sendmail = 'false' does coerce 
) {
    $timestamp //= time();

    return $self->_userpost( 
        { timestamp => $timestamp, value => $value, comment => $comment, sendmail => $sendmail },
        [ 'goals', $goal, 'datapoints.json' ]
    );
}


method goal(
    Goal     $goal,
    BeeBool :$datapoints = 'false' does coerce
) {
    return $self->_userget( [ 'goals', "$goal.json" ], { datapoints => $datapoints });
}

# Posts to the API. Takes a hashref of parameters. Remaining arguments
# are interpreted as a path.
sub _userpost {
    my ($self, $params, $path, $options) = @_;

    my $url  = $self->_path(['users', $self->username, @$path], $options);

    my $resp = $self->agent->post( $url, $params );

    unless ($resp->is_success) { 
        croak "Failed to fetch $url - ".$resp->status_line; 
    }

    return $json->decode($resp->content);

};

# Builds a path, and adds appropriate auth tokens, etc.
sub _path {
    my ($self, $path, $options) = @_;

    my $url  = join('/', $self->apibase, @$path) . "?auth_token=" . $self->token;

    if ($self->dryrun) {
        $url .= "&dryrun=1";
    }

    foreach my $opt (keys %$options) {
        $url .= "&$opt=$options->{$opt}";   # TODO: Escape params!
    }
    
    return $url;
}

# Fetches something from the API. Automatically prepends the API path,
# adds the token to the end, and decodes the JSON.

sub _get {
    my ($self, $path, $options) = @_;

    my $url  = $self->_path($path, $options);
    my $resp = $self->agent->get( $url );

    unless ($resp->is_success) { 
        croak "Failed to fetch $url - ".$resp->status_line; 
    }

    return $json->decode($resp->content);
}

# As for _get, but prepends 'users' and the current user.
sub _userget {
    my ($self, $args, $options) = @_;

    return $self->_get([ 'users', $self->username, @$args], $options);
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=head1 NAME

WebService::Beeminder - Access the Beeminder API

=head1 VERSION

version 0.003

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    my $bee = WebService::Beeminder->new( token => $token );

    # I flossed my teeth today.
    $bee->add_datapoint( goal => 'floss', value => 1 );

    # When did I last take dance lessons?
    my $result = $bee->datapoints('dance');

    say "I last went dancing on $result->[0]{timestamp} with a comment of " .
        $result->[0]{comment};

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This is a I<thin-ish> wrapper around the Beeminder API.  All results are
exactly what's returned by the underlying API, with the JSON being
converted into Perl data structures.

You need a Beeminder API token to use this module.  The easiest way
to get a personal token is just to login to L<Beeminder|http://beeminder.com/>
and then go to L<https://www.beeminder.com/api/v1/auth_token.json>.
Copy'n'paste the token into your code (or a config file your code uses),
and you're good to go!

More information on tokens is available in the
L<Beeminder API documentation|http://beeminder.com/api>.

=head1 METHODS

=head2 user

    my $result = $bee->user(
        goals_filter => 'frontburner', # or 'backburner', or 'all' (default)
        diff_since   => $last_check,   # Seconds from the epoch. Default: 'null'
        skinny       => 1,             # Return slimmed info. Default: 'false'
    );

All arguments are optional.

Obtains information about the current user. This returns a user resource
(as defined by the Beeminder API), which looks like this:

    {
        username   => "alice",
        timezone   => "America/Los_Angeles",
        updated_at => 1343449880,                       
        goals      =>  ['gmailzero', 'weight']
    }

If C<diff_since> is specified, then the goals will be a list of hashes,
rather than just a simple list of goals.

Note that the C<associations> parameter specified in the API is currently
not supported as it results in excessively slow server responses, even
when set to 'false'.

=head2 datapoints

    my $results = $bee->datapoints($goal);

This method returns an array reference of data points for the given goal.
At the time of writing, the Beeminder API returns the most recent data
point in the first position in the array.

    [
        {  
            id         => 'abc123'
            timestamp  => 1234567890,
            value      => 1.1,
            comment    => "Frobnicated a widget",
            updated_at => 1234567890
        },
        {
            id         => 'abc124'
            timestamp  => 1234567891,
            value      => 1.2,
            comment    => "Straightened my doohickies",
            updated_at => 1234567891
        },
    ]

=head2 add_datapoint

    my $point = $bee->add_datapoint(
        goal      => 'floss',
        timestamp => time(),        # Optional, defaults to now
        value     => 1,
        comment   => 'Floss every tooth for great justice!',
        sendmail  => 0,             # Optional, defaults to false
    );

Adds a data-point to the given goal. Mail will be sent to the user if
the C<sendmail> parameter is true.

Returns the data-point that was created:

    {
        id         => 'abc125'
        timestamp  => 1234567892,
        value      => 1,
        comment    => 'Floss every tooth for great justice!'
        updated_at => 1234567892
    }

=head2 goal

   my $results = $bee->goal('floss', datapoints => 0);

Returns information about a goal. The optional C<datapoints> parameter can be
supplied with a true value to also fetch datapoints for that goal.

Goal objects are complex data structures, and are described in the
L<Beeminder API documentation|https://www.beeminder.com/api#goal>.

=head1 INSTALLATION

This module presently uses L<MooseX::Method::Signatures>.  If you're
not experienced in installing module dependencies, it's recommend you
use L<App::cpanminus>, which doesn't require any special privileges
or software.

Perl v5.10.0 or later is required to use this module.

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over

=item * 

L<The Beeminder API|http://beeminder.com/api>

=back

=for Pod::Coverage BUILD

=head1 AUTHOR

Paul Fenwick <pjf@cpan.org>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2012 by Paul Fenwick.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut