package Test::Stream;
use strict;
use warnings;
use vars qw/$VERSION/;

$Test::Stream::VERSION = '1.302027';
$VERSION = eval $VERSION;

use Carp qw/croak/;
use Scalar::Util qw/reftype/;

use Test::Stream::Sync();

use Test::Stream::Util qw/try pkg_to_file/;

sub default {
    croak "No plugins or bundles specified (Maybe try '-Classic'?)"
}

sub import {
    my $class = shift;
    my @caller = caller;

    push @_ => $class->default unless @_;

    $class->load(\@caller, @_);

    1;
}

sub load {
    my $class = shift;
    my $caller = shift;

    my @order;
    my %args;
    my %skip;

    while (my $arg = shift @_) {
        my $type = reftype($arg) || "";

        if ($type eq 'CODE') {
            push @order => $arg;
            next;
        }

        # Strip off the '+', which may be combined with ':' or '-' at the
        # start.
        my $full = ($arg =~ s/^([!:-]?)\+/$1/) ? 1 : 0;

        # Disallowed plugin
        if ($arg =~ m/^!(.*)$/) {
            my $pkg = $full ? $1 : "Test::Stream::Plugin::$1";
            $skip{$pkg}++;
            next;
        }

        # Bundle
        if ($arg =~ m/^-(.*)$/) {
            my $pkg = $full ? $1 : "Test::Stream::Bundle::$1";
            my $file = pkg_to_file($pkg);
            require $file;
            unshift @_ => $pkg->plugins;
            next;
        }

        # Local Bundle
        if ($arg =~ m/^:(.*)$/) {
            my $pkg = $full ? $1 : "Test::Stream::Bundle::$1";
            my $file = pkg_to_file($pkg);

            local @INC = (
                ($ENV{TS_LB_PATH} ? split(':', $ENV{TS_LB_PATH}) : ()),
                't/lib',
                'lib',
                sub {
                    my ($me, $fname) = @_;
                    return unless $fname eq $file;
                    die "Could not load LOCAL PROJECT bundle '$pkg' (Do you need to set TS_LB_PATH?)\n";
                },
                @INC,
            );

            require $file;
            unshift @_ => $pkg->plugins;
            next;
        }

        if ($arg =~ m/^[a-z]/) {
            my $method = "opt_$arg";

            die "'$arg' is not a valid option for '$class' (Did you intend to use the '" . ucfirst($arg) . "' plugin?) at $caller->[1] line $caller->[2].\n"
                unless $class->can($method);

            $class->$method(list => \@_, order => \@order, args => \%args, skip => \%skip);
            next;
        }

        # Load the plugin
        $arg = 'Test::Stream::Plugin::' . $arg unless $full;

        # Get the value
        my $val;

        # Arg is specified
        $val = shift @_ if @_ && (ref($_[0]) || ($_[0] && $_[0] eq '*'));

        # Special Cases
        $val = $val eq '*' ? ['-all'] : [$val]
            if defined($val) && !ref($val);

        # Make sure we only list it in @order once.
        push @order => $arg unless $args{$arg};

        # Override any existing value, last wins.
        $args{$arg} = $val if defined $val;
    }

    for my $arg (@order) {
        my $type = reftype($arg) || "";
        if ($type eq 'CODE') {
            $arg->($caller);
            next;
        }

        next if $skip{$arg};

        my $import = $args{$arg};
        my $mod  = $arg;

        my $file = pkg_to_file($mod);
        unless (eval { require $file; 1 }) {
            my $error = $@ || 'unknown error';
            my $file = __FILE__;
            my $line = __LINE__ - 3;
            $error =~ s/ at \Q$file\E line $line.*//;
            croak "Could not load Test::Stream plugin '$arg': $error";
        }

        if ($mod->can('load_ts_plugin')) {
            $mod->load_ts_plugin($caller, @$import);
        }
        elsif (my $meta = Test::Stream::Exporter::Meta->get($mod)) {
            Test::Stream::Exporter::export_from($mod, $caller->[0], $import);
        }
        elsif (@$import) {
            croak "Module '$mod' does it implement 'load_ts_plugin()', nor does it export using Test::Stream::Exporter."
        }
    }

    Test::Stream::Sync->loaded(1);
}

sub opt_class {
    shift;
    my %params = @_;
    my $list = $params{list};
    my $args = $params{args};
    my $order = $params{order};

    my $class = shift @$list;

    push @{$params{order}} => 'Test::Stream::Plugin::Class'
        unless $args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::Class'};

    $args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::Class'} = [$class];
}

sub opt_skip_without {
    shift;
    my %params = @_;
    my $list = $params{list};
    my $args = $params{args};
    my $order = $params{order};

    my $class = shift @$list;

    push @{$params{order}} => 'Test::Stream::Plugin::SkipWithout'
        unless $args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::SkipWithout'};

    $args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::SkipWithout'} ||= [];
    push @{$args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::SkipWithout'}} => $class;
}

sub opt_srand {
    shift;
    my %params = @_;
    my $list = $params{list};
    my $args = $params{args};
    my $order = $params{order};

    my $seed = shift @$list;

    push @{$params{order}} => 'Test::Stream::Plugin::SRand'
        unless $args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::SRand'};

    $args->{'Test::Stream::Plugin::SRand'} = [$seed];
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Test::Stream - **DEPRECATED** See Test2-Suite instead

=head1 DEPRECATED

B<This distribution is deprecated> in favor of L<Test2>, L<Test2::Suite>, and
L<Test2::Workflow>.

See L<Test::Stream::Manual::ToTest2> for a conversion guide.

=head1 ***READ THIS FIRST***

B<This is not a drop-in replacement for Test::More>.

Adoption of L<Test::Stream> instead of continuing to use L<Test::More> is a
choice. Liberty has been taken to make significant API changes. Replacing
C<use Test::More;> with C<use Test::Stream;> will not work for more than the
most trivial of test files.

See L<Test::Stream::Manual::FromTestBuilder> if you are coming from
L<Test::More> or L<Test::Simple> and want a quick translation.

=head1 ***COMBINING WITH OLD TOOLS***

At the moment you cannot use L<Test::Stream> and L<Test::Builder> based tools
in the same test scripts unless you install the TRIAL L<Test::More> version.
Once the L<Test::More> trials go stable you will be able to combine tools from
both frameworks.

=head1 MANUAL

The manual is still being written, but a couple pages are already available.

=over 4

=item Migrating from Test::More

L<Test::Stream::Manual::FromTestBuilder>

=item How to write tools for Test::Stream

L<Test::Stream::Manual::Tooling>

=item Overview of Test-Stream components

L<Test::Stream::Manual::Components>

=back

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This is the primary interface for loading L<Test::Stream> based tools. This
module is responsible for loading bundles and plugins for the tools you want.
By default you are required to specify at least 1 plugin or bundle to load. You
can subclass Test::Stream to have your own default plugins or bundles.

B<Bundles and plugins can be used directly>, it is not necessary to use
L<Test::Stream> to load them.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Test::Stream -Classic;

    ok(1, "This is a pass");
    ok(0, "This is a fail");

    done_testing;

The '-' above means load the specified bundle, this is the same as:

    use Test::Stream::Bundle::Classic;

    ok(1, "This is a pass");
    ok(0, "This is a fail");

    done_testing;

=head2 SUBCLASS

    package My::Loader;
    use strict;
    use warnings;

    use parent 'Test::Stream';

    # The 'default' sub just returns a list of import arguments to use byu
    # default.
    sub default {
        return qw{
            -Bundle1
            Plugin1
            ...
        };
    }

    1;

=head1 IMPORTANT NOTE

C<use Test::Stream;> will fail. You B<MUST> specify at least one bundle or
plugin. If you do not specify any then none would be imported and that is
obviously not what you want. If you are new to Test::Stream then you should
probably start with one of the pre-made bundles:

=over 4

=item '-Classic' - The 'Classic' bundle.

This one is probably your best bet when just starting out. This plugin closely
resembles the functionality of L<Test::More>.

See L<Test::Stream::Bundle::Classic>.

=item '-V1' - The bundle used in Test::Streams tests.

This one provides a lot more than the 'Classic' bundle, but is probably not
suited to begginers. There are several notable differences from L<Test::More>
that can trip you up if you do not pay attention.

See L<Test::Stream::Bundle::V1>.

=back

=head2 WHY NOT MAKE A DEFAULT BUNDLE OR SET OF PLUGINS?

Future Proofing. If we decide in the future that a specific plugin or tool is
harmful we would like to be able to remove it. Making a tool part of the
default set will effectively make it unremovable as doing so would break
compatability. Instead we have the bundle system, and a set of starter bundles,
if a bundle proves ot be harmful we can change the recommendation of the docs.

=head1 PLUGINS, BUNDLES, AND OPTIONS

L<Test::Stream> tools should be created as plugins. This is not enforced,
nothing prevents you from writing L<Test::Stream> tools that are not plugins.
However writing your tool as a plugin will help your module to play well with
other tools. Writing a plugin also makes it easier for you to create private or
public bundles that reduce your boilerplate.

Bundles are very simple. At its core a bundle is simply a list of other
bundles, plugins, and arguments to those plugins. Much like hash declaration a
'last wins' approach is used; if you load 2 bundles that share a plugin with
different arguments, the last set of arguments wins.

Plugins and bundles can be distinguished easily:

    use Test::Stream(
        '-Bundle',                      # Bundle ('-')
        ':Project',                     # Project specific bundle (':')
        'MyPlugin',                     # Plugin name (no prefix)
        '+Fully::Qualified::Plugin',    # (Plugin in unusual path)
        'SomePlugin' => ['arg1', ...],  # (Plugin with args)
        '!UnwantedPlugin',              # Do not load this plugin
        'WantEverything' => '*',        # Load the plugin with all options
        'option' => ...,                # Option to the loader (Test::Stream)
    );

Explanation:

=over 4

=item '-Bundle',

The C<-> prefix indicates that the specified item is a bundle. Bundles live in
the C<Test::Stream::Bundle::> namespace. Each bundle is an independant module.
You can specify any number of bundles, or none at all.

=item ':Project'

The ':' prefix indicates we are loading a project specific bundle, which means
the module must be located in C<t/lib/>, C<lib/>, or the paths provided in the
C<TS_LB_PATH> environment variable. In the case of ':Project' it will look for
C<Test/Stream/Bundle/Project.pm> in C<TS_LB_PATH>, C<t/lib/>, then C<lib/>.

This is a good way to create bundles useful to your project, but not really
worth putting on CPAN.

=item 'MyPlugin'

Arguments without a prefix are considered to be plugin names. Plugins are
assumed to be in C<Test::Stream::Plugin::>, which is prefixed automatically for
you.

=item '+Fully::Qualified::Plugin'

If you write a plugin, but put it in a non-standard namespace, you can use the
fully qualified plugin namespace prefixed by '+'. Apart from the namespace
treatment there is no difference in how the plugin is loaded or used.

=item 'SomePlugin' => \@ARGS

Most plugins provide a fairly sane set of defaults when loaded. However some
provide extras you need to request. When loading a plugin directly these would
be the import arguments. If your plugin is followed by an arrayref the ref
contents will be used as load arguments.

Bundles may also specify arguments for plugins. You can override the bundles
arguments by specifying your own. In these cases last wins, arguments are never
merged. If multiple bundles are loaded, and several specify arguments to the
same plugin, the same rules apply.

    use Test::Stream(
        '-BundleFoo',         # Arguments to 'Foo' get squashed by the next bundle
        '-BundleAlsoWithFoo', # Arguments to 'Foo' get squashed by the next line
        'Foo' => [...],       # These args win
    );

=item '!UnwantedPlugin'

This will blacklist the plugin so that it will not be used. The blacklist will
block the plugin regardless of where it is listed. The blacklist only effects
the statement in which it appears; if you load Test::Stream twice, the
blacklist will only apply to the load in which it appears. You cannot override
the blacklist items.

=item 'WantEverything' => '*'

This will load the plugin with all options. The '*' gets turned into
C<['-all']> for you.

=item 'option' => ...

Uncapitalized options without a C<+>, C<->, or C<:> prefix are reserved for use
by the loader. Loaders that subclass Test::Stream can add options of their own.

To define an option in your subclass simply add a C<sub opt_NAME()> method. The
method will receive several arguments:

    sub opt_foo {
        my $class = shift;
        my %params = @_;

        my $list  = $params{list};  # List of remaining plugins/args
        my $args  = $params{args};  # Hashref of {plugin => \@args}
        my $order = $params{order}; # Plugins to load, in order
        my $skip  = $params{skip};  # Hashref of plugins to skip {plugin => $bool}

        # Pull our arguments off the list given at load time
        my $foos_arg = shift @$list;

        # Add the 'Foo' plugin to the list of plugins to load, unless it is
        # present in the $args hash in which case it is already in order.
        push @$order => 'Foo' unless $args{'Foo'};

        # Set the args for the plugin
        $args->{Foo} = [$foos_arg];

        $skip{Fox} = 1; # Make sure the Fox plugin never loads.
    }

=back

=head2 AVAILABLE OPTIONS

=over 4

=item class => $CLASS

Shortcut for the L<Test::Stream::Plugin::Class> plugin.

=item skip_without => $MODULE

=item skip_without => 'v5.008'

=item skip_without => [$MODULE => $VERSION]

Shortcut for the L<Test::Stream::Plugin::SkipWithout> plugin. Unlike normal
specification of a plugin, this APPENDS arguments. This one can be called
several time and the arguments will be appended.

B<Note:> specifying 'SkipWithout' the normal way after a call to 'skip_without'
will wipe out the argument that have accumulated so far.

=item srand => $SEED

Shortcut to set the random seed.

=back

=head2 SEE ALSO

For more about plugins and bundles see the following docs:

=over 4

=item plugins

L<Test::Stream::Plugin> - Provides tools to help write plugins.

=item bundles

L<Test::Stream::Bundle> - Provides tools to help write bundles.

=back

=head2 EXPLANATION AND HISTORY

L<Test::Stream> has learned from L<Test::Builder>. For a time it was common for
people to write C<Test::*> tools that bundled other C<Test::*> tools with them
when loaded. For a short time this seemed like a good idea. This was quickly
seen to be a problem when people wanted to use features of multiple testing
tools that both made incompatible assumptions about other modules you might
want to load.

L<Test::Stream> does not recreate this wild west approach to testing tools and
bundles. L<Test::Stream> recognises the benefits of bundles, but provides a
much more sane approach. Bundles and Tools are kept separate, this way you can
always use tools without being forced to adopt the authors ideal bundle.

=head1 ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

This is a list of environment variables Test::Stream looks at:

=over 4

=item TS_FORMATTER="Foo"

=item TS_FORMATTER="+Foo::Bar"

This can be used to set the output formatter. By default
L<Test::Stream::Formatter::TAP> is used.

Normally 'Test::Stream::Formatter::' is prefixed to the value in the
environment variable:

    $ TS_FORMATTER='TAP' perl test.t     # Use the Test::Stream::Formatter::TAP formatter
    $ TS_FORMATTER='Foo' perl test.t     # Use the Test::Stream::Formatter::Foo formatter

If you want to specify a full module name you use the '+' prefix:

    $ TS_FORMATTER='+Foo::Bar' perl test.t     # Use the Foo::Bar formatter

=item TS_KEEP_TEMPDIR=1

Some IPC drivers make use of temporary directories, this variable will tell
Test::Stream to keep the directory when the tests are complete.

=item TS_LB_PATH="./:./lib/:..."

This allows you to provide paths where Test::Stream will search for project
specific bundles. These paths are NOT added to C<@INC>.

=item TS_MAX_DELTA=25

This is used by the L<Test::Stream::Plugin::Compare> plugin. This specifies the
max number of differences to show when data structures do not match.

=item TS_TERM_SIZE=80

This is used to set the width of the terminal. This is used when building
tables of diagnostics. The default is 80, unless L<Term::ReadKey> is installed
in which case the value is determined dynamically.

=item TS_WORKFLOW=42

=item TS_WORKFLOW="foo"

This is used by the L<Test::Stream::Plugin::Spec> plugin to specify which test
block should be run, only the specified block will be run.

=item TS_RAND_SEED=44523

This only works when used with the L<Test::Stream::Plugin::SRand> plugin. This
lets you specify the random seed to use.

=item HARNESS_ACTIVE

This is typically set by L<TAP::Harness> and other harnesses. You should not
need to set this yourself.

=item HARNESS_IS_VERBOSE

This is typically set by L<TAP::Harness> and other harnesses. You should not
need to set this yourself.

=item NO_TRACE_MASK=1

This variable is specified by L<Trace::Mask>. Test::Stream uses the
L<Trace::Mask> specification to mask some stack frames from traces generated by
L<Trace::Mask> compliant tools. Setting this variable will force a full stack
trace whenever a trace is produced.

=back

=head1 SOURCE

The source code repository for Test::Stream can be found at
F<http://github.com/Test-More/Test-Stream/>.

=head1 MAINTAINERS

=over 4

=item Chad Granum E<lt>exodist@cpan.orgE<gt>

=back

=head1 AUTHORS

=over 4

=item Chad Granum E<lt>exodist@cpan.orgE<gt>

=back

=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2015 Chad Granum E<lt>exodist7@gmail.comE<gt>.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See F<http://dev.perl.org/licenses/>

=cut