package Sys::Hostname::FQDN;

#use 5.006;
use strict;
#use warnings;
use Carp;

use vars qw($VERSION @ISA @EXPORT_OK);

$VERSION = do { my @r = (q$Revision: 0.12 $ =~ /\d+/g); sprintf "%d."."%02d" x $#r, @r };

require Exporter;
require DynaLoader;
#use AutoLoader;

@ISA = qw(Exporter DynaLoader);

@EXPORT_OK = qw (
	asciihostinfo
	gethostinfo
	inet_ntoa
	inet_aton
	fqdn
	short
);

bootstrap Sys::Hostname::FQDN $VERSION;

# Preloaded methods go here.

sub DESTROY {};

# Autoload methods go after =cut, and are processed by the autosplit program.

sub short {
  return (split(/\./,&usually_short))[0];
}

sub fqdn {
  return (gethostbyname(&usually_short))[0];
}

sub gethostinfo {
  return gethostbyname(&usually_short);
}

sub asciihostinfo {
  my ($name,$aliases,$addrtype,$length,@addrs) = gethostbyname(&usually_short);
  for(0..$#addrs) {
    $addrs[$_] = inet_ntoa($addrs[$_]);
  }
  return ($name,$aliases,$addrtype,$length,@addrs);
}

=head1 NAME

  Sys::Hostname::FQDN - Get the short or long hostname

=cut

1;
__END__

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Sys::Hostname::FQDN qw(
	asciihostinfo
	gethostinfo
	inet_ntoa
	inet_aton
	fqdn
	short
  );

  $host = short();
  $fqdn = fqdn();
  ($name,$aliases,$addrtype,$length,@addrs)=gethostinfo();
  ($name,$aliases,$addrtype,$length,@addrs)=asciihostinfo();
  $dotquad = inet_ntoa($netaddr);
  $netaddr = inet_aton($dotquad);

=head1 INSTALLATION

To install this module type the following:

  perl Makefile.PL
  make
  make test
  make install

Solaris users, see the 'hints' subdirectory if you have problems with the
build.

=head1 DESCRIPTION

B<Sys::Hostname::FQDN> uses the host 'C' library to discover the (usually)
short host name, then uses (perl) gethostbyname to extract the real
hostname. 

The results from gethostbyname are exported as B<gethostinfo> and
B<asciihostinfo> as a convenience since they are available. Similarly, the
'C' library functions B<inet_ntoa> and B<inet_aton> are exported.

=over 4

=item $host = short();

  returns the host part of this host's FQDN.

=item $fqdn = fqdn();

  returns the fully qualified host name of this host.

=item ($name,$aliases,$addrtype,$length,@addrs)=gethostinfo();

  returns:
    $name	fully qualifed host name of this host.
    $aliases	alternate names for this host.
    $addrtype	The type of address; always AF_INET at present.
    $length	The length of the address in bytes.
    @addrs	array of network addresses for this host 
		in network byte order.

=item ($name,$aliases,$addrtype,$length,@addrs)=asciihostinfo();

  returns:
    $name	fully qualifed host name of this host.
    $aliases	alternate names for this host.
    $addrtype	The type of address; always AF_INET at present.
    $length	The length of the address in bytes.
    @addrs	array of dot quad IP addresses for this host.

=item $dotquad = inet_ntoa($netaddr);

  input:	packed network address in network byte order.
  returns:	dot quad IP address.

=item $netaddr = inet_aton($dotquad);

  input:	dot quad IP address.
  returns:	packed network address in network byte order.

=back

=head1 DEPENDENCIES

  none

=head1 EXPORT

  None by default

=head1 EXPORT_OK

  asciihostinfo
  gethostinfo
  inet_ntoa
  inet_aton
  fqdn
  short

=head1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The workaround for systems that do not have 'inet_aton' is taken directly
from Socket.xs in the Perl 5 kit for perl-5.8.0 by Larry Wall, copyright
1989-2002. Thank you Larry for making PERL possible for all of us.

=head1 AUTHOR

Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

  Copyright 2003-2010, Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>
 
This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of either:

  a) the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
  Foundation; either version 1, or (at your option) any later version,
  
  or

  b) the "Artistic License" which comes with this module.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of 
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See either
the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the Artistic License with this
module, in the file ARTISTIC.  If not, I'll be glad to provide one.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA

=cut