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# this work for additional information regarding copyright
# ownership. Elasticsearch B.V. licenses this file to you under
# the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License.
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#   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
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# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.

package Search::Elasticsearch;

use Moo 2.001000 ();

use Search::Elasticsearch::Util qw(parse_params load_plugin);
use namespace::clean;

our $VERSION = '7.30';

my %Default_Plugins = (
    client      => [ 'Search::Elasticsearch::Client',       '7_0::Direct' ],
    cxn_factory => [ 'Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::Factory', '' ],
    cxn_pool    => [ 'Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool',      'Static' ],
    logger      => [ 'Search::Elasticsearch::Logger',       'LogAny' ],
    serializer  => [ 'Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer',   'JSON' ],
    transport   => [ 'Search::Elasticsearch::Transport',    '' ],

my @Load_Order = qw(

sub new {
    my ( $class, $params ) = parse_params(@_);

    $params->{cxn} ||= 'HTTPTiny';
    my $plugins = delete $params->{plugins} || [];
    $plugins = [$plugins] unless ref $plugins eq 'ARRAY';

    for my $name (@Load_Order) {
        my ( $base, $default ) = @{ $Default_Plugins{$name} };
        my $sub_class = $params->{$name} || $default;
        my $plugin_class = load_plugin( $base, $sub_class );
        $params->{$name} = $plugin_class->new($params);

    for my $name (@$plugins) {
        my $plugin_class
            = load_plugin( 'Search::Elasticsearch::Plugin', $name );

    return $params->{client};



=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Search::Elasticsearch - The official client for Elasticsearch

=head1 VERSION

version 7.30


    use Search::Elasticsearch;

    # Connect to localhost:9200:

    my $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new();

    # Round-robin between two nodes:

    my $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        nodes => [

    # Connect to cluster at search1:9200, sniff all nodes and round-robin between them:

    my $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        nodes    => 'search1:9200',
        cxn_pool => 'Sniff'

    # Index a document:

        index   => 'my_app',
        type    => 'blog_post',
        id      => 1,
        body    => {
            title   => 'Elasticsearch clients',
            content => 'Interesting content...',
            date    => '2013-09-24'

    # Get the document:

    my $doc = $e->get(
        index   => 'my_app',
        type    => 'blog_post',
        id      => 1

    # Search:

    my $results = $e->search(
        index => 'my_app',
        body  => {
            query => {
                match => { title => 'elasticsearch' }

    # Cluster requests:

    $info        = $e->cluster->info;
    $health      = $e->cluster->health;
    $node_stats  = $e->cluster->node_stats;

    # Index requests:



L<Search::Elasticsearch> is the official Perl client for Elasticsearch,
supported by L<elastic.co|http://elastic.co>.  Elasticsearch
itself is a flexible and powerful open source, distributed real-time
search and analytics engine for the cloud.  You can read more about it
on L<elastic.co|http://www.elastic.co>.


This version of the client supports the Elasticsearch 7.0 branch,
which is not backwards compatible with earlier branches.

If you need to talk to a version of Elasticsearch before 7.0.0, please
install one of the following packages:


=item *


=item *


=item *



=head2 Motivation


I<The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions.>

Leonardo da Vinci


All of us have opinions, especially when it comes to designing APIs.
Unfortunately, the opinions of programmers seldom coincide. The intention of
this client, and of the officially supported clients available for other
languages, is to provide robust support for the full native Elasticsearch API
with as few opinions as possible:  you should be able to read the
L<Elasticsearch reference documentation|http://www.elastic.co/guide>
and understand how to use this client, or any of the other official clients.

Should you decide that you want to customize the API, then this client
provides the basis for your code.  It does the hard stuff for you,
allowing you to build on top of it.

=head2 Features

This client provides:


=item *

Full support for all Elasticsearch APIs

=item *

HTTP backend (for an async backend using L<Promises>, see

=item *

Robust networking support which handles load balancing, failure detection
and failover

=item *

Good defaults

=item *

Helper utilities for more complex operations, such as
L<bulk indexing|Search::Elasticsearch::Client::7_0::Bulk>, and
L<scrolled searches|Search::Elasticsearch::Client::7_0::Scroll>

=item *

Logging support via L<Log::Any>

=item *

Compatibility with the official clients for Python, Ruby, PHP, and Javascript

=item *

Easy extensibility



You can download the latest version of Elasticsearch from
L<http://www.elastic.co/download>. See the
L<installation instructions|https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/setup.html>
for details. You will need to have a recent version of Java installed,
preferably the Java v8 from Sun.


The L</new()> method returns a new L<client|Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Direct>
which can be used to run requests against the Elasticsearch cluster.

    use Search::Elasticsearch;
    my $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new( %params );

The most important arguments to L</new()> are the following:

=head2 C<nodes>

The C<nodes> parameter tells the client which Elasticsearch nodes it should
talk to.  It can be a single node, multiples nodes or, if not
specified, will default to C<localhost:9200>:

    # default: localhost:9200
    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new();

    # single
    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new( nodes => 'search_1:9200');

    # multiple
    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        nodes => [

Each C<node> can be a URL including a scheme, host, port, path and userinfo
(for authentication).  For instance, this would be a valid node:


See L<Search::Elasticsearch::Role::Cxn/node> for more on node specification.

=head2 C<cxn_pool>

The L<CxnPool|Search::Elasticsearch::Role::CxnPool> modules manage connections to
nodes in the Elasticsearch cluster.  They handle the load balancing between
nodes and failover when nodes fail. Which C<CxnPool> you should use depends on
where your cluster is. There are three choices:


=item * C<Static>

    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        cxn_pool => 'Static'     # default
        nodes    => [

The L<Static|Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Static> connection pool, which is the
default, should be used when you don't have direct access to the Elasticsearch
cluster, eg when you are accessing the cluster through a proxy.  See
L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Static> for more.

=item * C<Sniff>

    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        cxn_pool => 'Sniff',
        nodes    => [

The L<Sniff|Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Sniff> connection pool should be used
when you B<do> have direct access to the Elasticsearch cluster, eg when
your web servers and Elasticsearch servers are on the same network.
The nodes that you specify are used to I<discover> the cluster, which is
then I<sniffed> to find the current list of live nodes that the cluster
knows about. See L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Sniff>.

=item * C<Static::NoPing>

    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        cxn_pool => 'Static::NoPing'
        nodes    => [

The L<Static::NoPing|Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Static::NoPing> connection
pool should be used when your access to a remote cluster is so limited
that you cannot ping individual nodes with a C<HEAD /> request.

See L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Static::NoPing> for more.


=head2 C<trace_to>

For debugging purposes, it is useful to be able to dump the actual HTTP
requests which are sent to the cluster, and the response that is received.
This can be enabled with the C<trace_to> parameter, as follows:

    # To STDERR
    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        trace_to => 'Stderr'

    # To a file
    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        trace_to => ['File','/path/to/filename']

Logging is handled by L<Log::Any>.  See L<Search::Elasticsearch::Logger::LogAny>
for more information.

=head2 Other

Other arguments are explained in the respective L<module docs|/MODULES>.


When you create a new instance of Search::Elasticsearch, it returns a
L<client|Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Direct> object, which can be used for
running requests.

    use Search::Elasticsearch;
    my $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new( %params );

    # create an index
    $e->indices->create( index => 'my_index' );

    # index a document
        index   => 'my_index',
        type    => 'blog_post',
        id      => 1,
        body    => {
            title   => 'Elasticsearch clients',
            content => 'Interesting content...',
            date    => '2013-09-24'

See L<Search::Elasticsearch::Client::6_0::Direct> for more details about the requests that
can be run.

=head1 MODULES

Each chunk of functionality is handled by a different module,
which can be specified in the call to L<new()> as shown in L<cxn_pool> above.
For instance, the following will use the L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Sniff>
module for the connection pool.

    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        cxn_pool => 'Sniff'

Custom modules can be named with the appropriate prefix,
eg C<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::>, or by prefixing the full class name
with C<+>:

    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        cxn_pool => '+My::Custom::CxnClass'

The modules that you can override are specified with the following
arguments to L</new()>:

=head2 C<client>

The class to use for the client functionality, which provides
methods that can be called to execute requests, such as
C<search()>, C<index()> or C<delete()>. The client parses the user's
requests and passes them to the L</transport> class to be executed.

The default version of the client is C<7_0::Direct>, which can
be explicitly specified as follows:

    $e = Search::Elasticsearch->new(
        client => '7_0::Direct'

=head2 C<transport>

The Transport class accepts a parsed request from the L</client> class,
fetches a L</cxn> from its L</cxn_pool> and tries to execute the request,
retrying after failure where appropriate. See:


=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Transport>


=head2 C<cxn>

The class which handles raw requests to Elasticsearch nodes.


=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::HTTPTiny> (default)

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::LWP>

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::NetCurl>


=head2 C<cxn_factory>

The class which the L</cxn_pool> uses to create new L</cxn> objects.


=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Cxn::Factory>


=head2 C<cxn_pool> (2)

The class to use for the L<connection pool|/cxn_pool> functionality.
It calls the L</cxn_factory> class to create new L</cxn> objects when
appropriate. See:


=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Static> (default)

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Sniff>

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::CxnPool::Static::NoPing>


=head2 C<logger>

The class to use for logging events and tracing HTTP requests/responses.  See:


=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Logger::LogAny>


=head2 C<serializer>

The class to use for serializing request bodies and deserializing response
bodies.  See:


=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON> (default)

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON::Cpanel>

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON::XS>

=item * L<Search::Elasticsearch::Serializer::JSON::PP>


=head1 BUGS

This is a stable API but this implementation is new. Watch this space
for new releases.

If you have any suggestions for improvements, or find any bugs, please report
them to L<http://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-perl/issues>.
I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on
your bug as I make changes.

=head1 SUPPORT

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc Search::Elasticsearch

You can also look for information at:

=over 4

=item * GitHub


=item * CPAN Ratings


=item * Search MetaCPAN


=item * IRC

The L<#elasticsearch|irc://irc.freenode.net/elasticsearch> channel on

=item * Mailing list

The main L<Elasticsearch mailing list|http://discuss.elastic.co>.



The full test suite requires a live Elasticsearch node to run, and should
be run as :

    perl Makefile.PL
    ES=localhost:9200 make test


You can change the Cxn class which is used by setting the C<ES_CXN>
environment variable:

    ES_CXN=NetCurl ES=localhost:9200 make test

=head1 AUTHOR

Enrico Zimuel <enrico.zimuel@elastic.co>


This software is Copyright (c) 2020 by Elasticsearch BV.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Apache License, Version 2.0, January 2004



# ABSTRACT: The official client for Elasticsearch